Figures of Speech Definitions

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Figures of Speech Definitions
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2011-09-11 23:50:31
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Figures Speech Definitions grade 10 tenth English poetry figurative language test quiz
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Review for a figures of speech quiz in English class, grade 10.
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  1. There are ___ common figures of speech.
    20
  2. A figure of speech containing a repetition of an initial sound, usually a consonant, in two or more words.
    Alliteration
  3. A figure of speech with a sudden change from something exalted to something trivial. It is used for a comic effect.
    Anticlimax (or bathos)
  4. A figure of speech that addresses (talks to) a dead or non-present person, or an object.
    Apostrophe
  5. A figure of speech where the second half of an expression is balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed.
    Chiasmus
  6. A figure of speech with an arrangement of parts in a rising order of importance.
    Climax
  7. A figure of speech using a word or phrase which softens the effect of the term it replaced (that would have otherwise been considered harsh, blunt, or offensive).
    Euphemism
  8. A figure of speech using an exaggeration (for the purpose of emphasis but not deception).
    Hyperbole
  9. A figure of speech in which the use of words convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea.
    Irony
  10. A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is.
    • Understatement,
    • also known as litotes (the opposite of hyperbole)
  11. A figure of speech that shows a comparison between two or more things without using the words like or as.
    Metaphor
  12. A figure of speech that replaces the literal thing with a more vivid, but closely related thing or idea.
    Metonymy
  13. A figure of speech that contains words that imitate natural sounds.
    Onomatopoeia
  14. A figure of speech that seems untrue or that may contradict itself, but which may be true in fact.
    Paradox
  15. A figure of speech in which a human trait is attributed to a non-living thing.
    Personification
  16. A figure of speech containing a short saying generally known by many people. The saying usually states a general truth or piece of advice.
    Proverb
  17. A figure of speech containing a play on words; one expression used that could have several meanings.
    Pun
  18. A figure of speech that makes a comparison using the words like or as.
    Simile
  19. A figure of speech that uses a portion to represent the whole.
    Synecdoche
  20. A figure of speech in which a word is used as a different part of speech than in normal usage.
    Zeugma
  21. The presentation of details, characters, or incidents in a narrative in such a way that later events are prepared for.
    Foreshadowing
  22. A group of words established by usage and having a meaning not deductible from those individual words.
    Idiom
  23. An indirect reference to an event, person, or thing, which is widely known in literature.
    Allusion
  24. A term in book trade; a short summary or some words of praise accompanying a creative work (like a book), without giving away any details.
    Blurb
  25. An inscription to mark burial places.
    Epitaph

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