Pharmacology

Card Set Information

Author:
charissa
ID:
101189
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2012-02-01 22:25:43
Tags:
Basics
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Description:
From first exam
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  1. ad lib
    as desired/directed
  2. PRN
    when needed/necessary
  3. ac
    before meals
  4. bid
    twice a day
  5. cap
    capsule
  6. gtt
    drop
  7. h or hr
    hour
  8. IV
    intravenous
  9. IM
    intramuscular
  10. no
    number
  11. PO
    by mouth
  12. q4h
    every 4 hours even
  13. q6h
    every 6 hours even
  14. q8h
    every 8 hours even
  15. q12h
    every 12 hours
  16. Rx
    take
  17. STAT
    immediately/with in 5 minutes
  18. PM
    afternoon
  19. tab
    tablet
  20. tid
    three time a day
  21. qid
    four times a day
  22. q2h
    every 2 hours
  23. pc
    after meals/eating
  24. t1/2
    half life
  25. Half Life
    length of time required for plsma concentration of a med. to decrease by 1/2 after administration
  26. Patient Rights
    Right Patient, Right Med., Right dose, Right Route, Right Time, and Right Documentation
  27. FDA process for drug approval
    • 1. Preclinical investigation
    • 2. Clinical investigation
    • 3. Review of New Drug App. (NDA)
    • 4. Postmarketing Surveillance
  28. enteric-coated
    designed to dissolve in alkaline environment of sm. intestine (can NOT be crushed b/c meds would be exposed directly to stomach acid)
  29. Sustained Release
    • XR, LA, SR
    • can NOT be crushed
  30. Pharmacodynamics
    study of how the body responds to drugs
  31. Pharmacokinetics
    study of how drugs are handled in the body
  32. Therapeutic Classification
    what the drug benefits/helps (ex. anti-hypertensive)/ the WHAT
  33. Pharmacologic Classification
    • organizing drugs on basis of their mechanism of action (ex. vasodialator)/
    • the HOW
  34. teratogenicity
    drug/agent that causes developmental birth defects
  35. Polypharmacy
    taking of multiple drugs concurrently
  36. Geriatric Patient Risks:
    • higher adipose tissue
    • amount of unbound drug rises/amount of drug available to produce an effect increases too
    • Half-life may increase as much as 40%

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