Poetry Terminology

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Poetry Terminology
2011-09-12 03:51:42
poetry english literature

20 poetry terms
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  1. Allegory:
    A symbolic narrative in which the surface details imply a secondary meaning.
  2. Alliteration:
    The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words.
  3. Ballad:
    A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style.
  4. Blank verse:
    A line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
  5. Caesura:
    A strong pause within a line of verse.
  6. Dramatic monologue:
    A type of poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener.
  7. Elegy:
    A lyric poem that laments the dead.
  8. Enjambment:
    A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
  9. Epic:
    A long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero.
  10. Epigram:
    A brief witty poem, often satirical.
  11. Free verse:
    Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or thyme.
  12. Hyperbole:
    A figure of speech involving exaggeration.
  13. Lyric poem:
    A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling.
  14. Meter:
    The measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems.
  15. Narrative poem:
    A poem that tells a story.
  16. Octave:
    An eight-line limit, which may constitute a stanza or a section of a poem, as in the octave of a sonnet.
  17. Onomatopoeia:
    The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe.
  18. Open form:
    A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity andconsistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure.
  19. Parody:
    A humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often playful and even respectful in its playful imitation.
  20. Rhyme:
    The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words.
  21. Simile:
    A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though.
  22. Sonnet:
    A fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter.
  23. Villanelle:
    A nineteen-line lyric poem that relies heavily on repetition.