Class 3 Vocab

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melaniemeaker
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101274
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Class 3 Vocab
Updated:
2011-09-22 17:56:10
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Class 3 Vocab
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  1. functional units of the lung; the thin-walled chambers surrounded by networks of capillaries that are the site of respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen

    alveoli
  2. one of the respiratory passageways into which the segmental bronchi divide

    bronchiole
  3. manubriosternal angle, the articulation of the manubrium and body of the sternum, continuous with the second rib

    angle of louis
  4. cessation of breathing
    apnea
  5. slow breathing, <10 breaths per minute, regular rate
    bradypnea
  6. the normal breath sound heard over major bronchi, characterized moderate pitch and an equal duration of inspiration and expiration
    bronchovesicular
  7. millions of hairliek cells lining the tracheobronchial tree
    cilia
  8. (rales) abnormal, discontinuous, adventitious lung sounds heard on inspiration
    crackles
  9. space between the ribs
    intercostal space
  10. difficult, labored breathing
    dyspnea
  11. a palpable vibration from the spoken voice felt over the chest wall
    fremitus
  12. increased rate and depth of breathing
    hyperventilation
  13. rapid, shallow breathing, >24 breaths per min
    tachypnea
  14. ability to breathe easily only in an upright position
    orthopnea
  15. striking over the chest wall with short, sharp blows of the fingers to determine the size and density of the underlying organ
    percussion
  16. low-ptiched, musical, snoring, adventitious lung sound caused by airflow obstruction from secretions
    rhonchi
  17. the soft, low-pitched, normal breath sounds heard over peripheral lung fields
    vesicular
  18. sword-shaped lower tip of the sternum

    xiphoid process
  19. high-pitched, musical, squeaking adventitious lung sound
    wheeze
  20. In the anterior chest, the highest point of lung tissue is 3 to 4 cm above the inner third of the clavicles

    apex of lung
  21. the highest points of the lungs
    apices
  22. acute chest pain that occurs when myocardial demand exceeds its oxygen supply
    angina pectoris
  23. the left semilunar valve separating the left ventricle and the aorta
    aortic valve
  24. tip of the heart pointing down toward the 5th left intercostal space

    apex of the heart
  25. pulsation created as the left ventricle rotates against the chest wall during systole, normally at the 5th left intercostal space in the midclavicular line (point of maximal, PMI)
    apical impulse
  26. cup-shaped endpiece use dfor soft, low-pitched heart sounds
    bell
  27. slow heart rate, <50 beats per min in the adult
    bradycardia
  28. bulbous enlargement of distal phalanges of fingers and toes that occurs with chronic cyanotic heart and lung conditions

    clubbing
  29. dusky blue mottling of the skin and mucous membranes due to excessive amount of reduced hemoglobin in the blood
    cyanosis
  30. flat endpiece of the stethoscope used for hearing relatively high-pitched heart sounds
    diaphragm
  31. the heart's filling phase
    diastole
  32. swelling of legs or dependent body part due to increased interstitial fluid
    edema
  33. tradition ausculatory area in the 3rd left intercostal space

    erb's point
  34. occurs with closure of the atrioventricular valves signaling the beginning of systole
    S1 (first heart sound)
  35. imaginary vertical line bisecting the middle of the clavicle in each hemithorax
    MCL (midclavicular line)
  36. left AV valve separating the left atria and ventricle
    mitral valve
  37. uncomfortbale awareness of rapid or irregular heart rate
    palpitation
  38. area of the chest wall overlying the heart and great vessels

    precordium
  39. right semilunar valve separating the right venticle and pulmonary artery
    pulmonic valve
  40. occurs with closure of the semilunar valves, aortic and pulmonic, and signals the end of systole
    S2 (second heart sound)
  41. temporary loss of consciousness due to decreased cerebral blood flow (fainting), caused by ventricular asystole, pronounded bradycardia, or ventricular fibrillation
    syncope
  42. the heart's pumping phase
    systole
  43. rapid heart rate, >90 beats per min in the adult
    tachycardia


  44. broader area of the heart's outline located at the 3rd right and left intercostal space
    base of the heart

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