AP Gov ch 1 theories of gov

Card Set Information

Author:
tresa
ID:
101281
Filename:
AP Gov ch 1 theories of gov
Updated:
2011-09-12 17:23:57
Tags:
AP Gov theories gov
Folders:

Description:
4 maj theories of gov
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user tresa on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Scope of Gov
    • Who governs? To what
    • ends/means? (Scope of Gov), (Nat defense, Provide shared pub goods (vs.
    • private), Keep order, Taxes, socialize the young)
  2. Linkage institutions
    • Linkage institutions (people – parties, interest groups, media, elections
    • – gov’t policies)
    • A. Constantly
    • changing. Good news is no news – what can we do better
    • B. Transfer ppls ideas
    • to the gov
  3. 5 types of public policies
    • Legislative
    • statute
    • – (NCLB /
    • Patriot Act): mandates = subset of this, issue when mandated, but not until
    • then
    • B. Executive action
    • (Truman integrates military)
    • C. Judicial ruling
    • (integrate schools)
    • D. Budget choices (all
    • 3 levels)
    • E. Regulations (USDA
    • and approval of new drugs)
  4. Traditional
    democratic theory
    • (1). Equality in voting (majority rule)
    • (2). Effective participation (minority
    • rights))
    • (3). Enlightened understanding
    • (representation), free press/free speech
    • (4). Citizen control of the agenda (we don’t
    • do)
    • (5). Inclusion: gov must include/extend rights
    • to all
    • (6). Ex: Thomas Jefferson. “mob rule”
  5. Pluralist theory
    • A. Groups with shared
    • interests influence public policy (NRA, NOW)
    • B. Groups of
    • minorities working together for common cause (civil rights)
    • C. Use any of the 3
    • branches (leg, exec didn’t help civil rights, tried judicial)
    • D. Does increased tech
    • make us more “self-defined” and in need of fewer groups?
    • E. Ex: James Madison
    • F. needs checks and
    • balances. Need of fewer groups?
  6. . Elite and class theory
    • A. Answers Q who gets more unlike pluralist where all get some
    • B. 1% of population
    • holds 33% of wealth
    • C. Don’t influence
    • policy makers because they are the policy makers. How? $ donated, influence
    • D. Dominance of big
    • business
    • E. ex: Gore/Bush
    • 2000: Gore wants to tax rich who are the
    • minority (Gore loses)
    • F. Enron Scandal –
    • corporate leaders got rich at expense of ordinary
    • workers/shareholders/consumers.
  7. Hyperpluralism
    • A. Too many groups which are
    • too strong making for a weak government,
    • B. gov giving in to too
    • many single interest groups
    • C. Pluralism getting
    • worse – change in system is needed
    • D. Overlapping
    • jurisdictions of branches and levels = gridlock = groups in control
    • E. Powerful groups
    • divide the government and its authority
    • F. like Elite and
    • Class theory, they suggest that pub interest rarely pub policy
    • G. ex: env issues
    • delay construction, business fight regs, labor unions fight policies that might
    • cost jobs
  8. Challenges to democracy
    • A. How to stay informed if
    • not technically experienced
    • B. Decreased participation in gov’t
    • C. Increased campaign costs (PAC
    • influence; can only rich run now?)
    • D. Increasingly diverse groups =
    • increasing gridlock
  9. 5 aspect of American political culture
    • A. Liberty
    • B. Egalitarianism
    • (equality of opportunity, not condition)
    • C. Individualism (frontier
    • allowed space – today?)
    • D. Laissez-faire
    • (gov’t keeps hands off business)
    • E. Populism (rights of
    • the average citizen)
    • (1). Used by both liberals and conservatives
    • (2). Liberals protect from big business
    • (3). Conservatives protect from big government

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview