# Geograpy

 The flashcards below were created by user cdeelah on FreezingBlue Flashcards. Map scale of 1/2400 means that an inch means what 1 inch to 200 feet Different types of regions, nodal, function, ect….know them i.e. news paper is a certain type of region a. Nodal Region – sometimes called a functionalregion, is characterized by a set of places connected by lines of communicationor movement to another place that series as a focus (or node) for the entireset. (nodal because of common focuses), like a newspaper circulation area b. Uniform region – sometimes called a formalregion, is a territory where one or more features are present throughout thearea and absent or unimportant beyond it. i.e. the entire area where thecottonwood constitutes a significant part of the total tree cover. Multi-featured uniform regions summarizedifferent types of information for a given area, usually subjective. 1. What is meant by multi featured uniform region? Itsummarized different types of information for a given area, usually subjective 1. What about boundaries between regions. a. Boundaries between adjacent multi-featureregions are seldom sharp and well defined on the landscape, they blend intoeach other. They are transition zones, not sharp lines which make themdifficult to map. 1. Do regions exist at different scales Yes,Often, themes significant in defining a larger regtion like NY, the theme isurbaneness but also, for Chinatown, the theme is Chinese 1. In 2000 what percent of region lived in urban areas, or the 30 largest urban areas. a. In 2006 more than 45% of the US population livedin 25 of the largest urban regions 1. What percent of us population were farmers in 1997? a. Less than 1% 1. What was the percent farmers in Canada in 1997 a. 2.5% 1. How quick are the urbanized areas of us and Canada increasing, by how many acres per year a. They are increasing by 2.2 million acres a year 1. What percent of Americans move each year? a. 20% 1. What do we mean by basic vs non basic economic activities? a. Basic activities – bringing income to a regionfrom outside. b. Non-Basic – non-basic activates recirculatemoney that is already in the region, i.e. local retail sales and services. 1. What percent of world exports come from the US? a. 25% 1. What country is the largest export of coal in the world? a. United States 1. How much of the world’s oil does US and Canada consume? a. 28% 1. Canada’s National gvt is modeled after which country? a. British and french What do Geomorpholigists study? They study landform developments 1. How far north does the Atlantic and coastal plain of the gulf extend? From Mexico to what a. from northern Mexico along the East Coast of theUS to the southern margins of New England. 1. The continental shelf off of the gulf and plains extend out? How many kilometers. a. Extend out to the Artic up to 400 kilometers Interior lowland is bounded on the east by what? a. The Appalachian and Rocky Mountains What physiographic region was most affected by glaciation? a. The Shield 1. Massive boulders that are left behind through glaciers are known as what? a. erratics 1. Retreating glaciers leaves hills of debris called what? a. Glacial Till, or drift 1. What is the name of the area in Southern Wisconsin that was not glaciated called? a. Driftless Area 1. Whats the tallest peak in Eastern US? a. Mount Mitchell in NC at 2036 Meters 1. The artic circle is in what degree latitude? 66.5 Degree North Latitued 1. Where do we find the greatest temp variability, along interior or coastal a. Interior, great planes area 1. How much does temp drop per kilometer as you go up in the air. a. 3.5 degrees per 1,000 feet 1. Who’s climatic scheme does most climatologists use when they map climates. a. Koppen 1. The altitude above which trees won’t grow is know as what? a. Treeline Check out the soil section, horizons and o horizons ect…. Soil horizons i. A-Horizons – the uppermost layer ii. B-Horizon is the level below the A and is wherethe matter removed from the A horizon accumulates iii. The C-Horizon is the parent material. iv. O-horizon at the surface where organic matter isfreshly decaying and actively adding organic matter to the soil. 1. Know which layers are where a. O is on the top, then A then B 1. What are the layers in soil known as Horizons 1. What are the layers in soil known as Horizons Types of soils a. Aridisols – from the word arid. Dry climatesoils are low in organic content and have little agricultural value b. Spodosols –develop in cool moist climates c. Tundra Soils – associated with a cold, moistclimate – no agricultural value d. Three more productive soils are i. Mollisols– midlatitude grassland soils of semiarid and subhumid climate ii. Alfisol – second best in agricultural value,midlatitude forest and forest grassland boundaries iii. Ultisols – develop in areas with abundantprecipitation and a long frost free period. 1. Where in the US would you find coal fields? a . E-Kentucky, West Virginia and WesternPennsylvania. About 20% Know three major rocks and how are they created, metamorphic, megmis…what ever. a. Metamorphic rock – is formed differently thansedimentary rock. Rock that is formed by heat and pressure Authorcdeelah ID101301 Card SetGeograpy DescriptionGeo quiz 1 Updated2011-09-12T23:05:27Z Show Answers