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2011-09-12 19:05:27

Geo quiz 1
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  1. Map
    scale of 1/2400 means that an inch means what
  2. 1 inch to 200 feet
  3. Different types of regions, nodal,
    function, ect….know them i.e. news paper
    is a certain type of region
    • a.
    • Nodal Region – sometimes called a functional
    • region, is characterized by a set of places connected by lines of communication
    • or movement to another place that series as a focus (or node) for the entire
    • set. (nodal because of common focuses), like a newspaper circulation area

    • b.
    • Uniform region – sometimes called a formal
    • region, is a territory where one or more features are present throughout the
    • area and absent or unimportant beyond it. i.e. the entire area where the
    • cottonwood constitutes a significant part of the total tree cover. Multi-featured uniform regions summarize
    • different types of information for a given area, usually subjective.
  4. 1.
    What is meant by multi featured uniform region?
    • It
    • summarized different types of information for a given area, usually subjective
  5. 1.
    What about boundaries between regions.
    • a.
    • Boundaries between adjacent multi-feature
    • regions are seldom sharp and well defined on the landscape, they blend into
    • each other. They are transition zones, not sharp lines which make them
    • difficult to map.
  6. 1.
    Do regions exist at different scales
    • Yes,
    • Often, themes significant in defining a larger regtion like NY, the theme is
    • urbaneness but also, for Chinatown, the theme is Chinese
  7. 1.
    In 2000 what percent of region lived in urban
    areas, or the 30 largest urban areas.
    • a.
    • In 2006 more than 45% of the US population lived
    • in 25 of the largest urban regions
  8. 1.
    What percent of us population were farmers in
    • a.
    • Less than 1%
  9. 1.
    What was the percent farmers in Canada in 1997
    • a.
    • 2.5%
  10. 1.
    How quick are the urbanized areas of us and
    Canada increasing, by how many acres per year
    • a.
    • They are increasing by 2.2 million acres a year
  11. 1.
    What percent of Americans move each year?
    • a.
    • 20%
  12. 1.
    What do we mean by basic vs non basic economic
    • a.
    • Basic activities – bringing income to a region
    • from outside.

    • b.
    • Non-Basic – non-basic activates recirculate
    • money that is already in the region, i.e. local retail sales and services.
  13. 1.
    What percent of world exports come from the US?
    • a.
    • 25%
  14. 1.
    What country is the largest export of coal in
    the world?
    • a.
    • United States
  15. 1.
    How much of the world’s oil does US and Canada
    • a.
    • 28%
  16. 1.
    Canada’s National gvt is modeled after which
    • a.
    • British and french
  17. What do Geomorpholigists study?
  18. They study landform developments
  19. 1.
    How far north does the Atlantic and coastal
    plain of the gulf extend? From Mexico to what
    • a.
    • from northern Mexico along the East Coast of the
    • US to the southern margins of New England.
  20. 1.
    The continental shelf off of the gulf and plains
    extend out? How many kilometers.
    • a.
    • Extend out to the Artic up to 400 kilometers
  21. Interior lowland is bounded on the east by what?
    • a.
    • The Appalachian and Rocky Mountains
  22. What physiographic region was most affected by

    The Shield
  23. 1.
    Massive boulders that are left behind through
    glaciers are known as what?
    • a.
    • erratics
  24. 1.
    Retreating glaciers leaves hills of debris
    called what?
    • a.
    • Glacial Till, or drift
  25. 1.
    What is the name of the area in Southern
    Wisconsin that was not glaciated called?
    • a.
    • Driftless Area
  26. 1.
    Whats the tallest peak in Eastern US?
    • a.
    • Mount Mitchell in NC at 2036 Meters
  27. 1.
    The artic circle is in what degree latitude?
    66.5 Degree North Latitued
  28. 1.
    Where do we find the greatest temp variability,
    along interior or coastal
    • a.
    • Interior, great planes area
  29. 1.
    How much does temp drop per kilometer as you go
    up in the air.
    • a.
    • 3.5 degrees per 1,000 feet
  30. 1.
    Who’s climatic scheme does most climatologists
    use when they map climates.
    • a.
    • Koppen
  31. 1.
    The altitude above which trees won’t grow is
    know as what?
    • a.
    • Treeline
  32. Check out the soil section, horizons and o
    horizons ect….
    • Soil horizons
    • i. A-Horizons – the uppermost layer

    • ii. B-Horizon is the level below the A and is where
    • the matter removed from the A horizon accumulates

    • iii.
    • The C-Horizon is the parent material.

    iv. O-horizon at the surface where organic matter isfreshly decaying and actively adding organic matter to the soil.
  33. 1.
    Know which layers are where
    • a.
    • O is on the top, then A then B
  34. 1.
    What are the layers in soil known as
  35. 1.
    What are the layers in soil known as

  36. Types of soils
    • a. Aridisols – from the word arid. Dry climate
    • soils are low in organic content and have little agricultural value

    b. Spodosols –develop in cool moist climates

    • c.
    • Tundra Soils – associated with a cold, moist
    • climate – no agricultural value

    d. Three more productive soils are

    • i. Mollisols
    • – midlatitude grassland soils of semiarid and subhumid climate

    • ii. Alfisol – second best in agricultural value,
    • midlatitude forest and forest grassland boundaries

    • iii. Ultisols – develop in areas with abundant
    • precipitation and a long frost free period.
  37. 1.
    Where in the US would you find coal fields?

    • .
    • E-Kentucky, West Virginia and Western
    • Pennsylvania. About 20%
  38. Know three major rocks and how are they created,
    metamorphic, megmis…what ever.
    • a. Metamorphic rock – is formed differently than
    • sedimentary rock. Rock that is formed by heat and pressure