AP US HIstory ID terms

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AP US HIstory ID terms
2011-09-12 19:30:46
AP US History

ID terms for AP US History
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  1. Roanoke Island
    Raleigh organized and expedition that landed in 1585 on Norht Carolina's Roanoke Island, off the coast of Virginia... After many false starts the Roanoke colony mysteriously vanished (swallowed up by the wilderness)
  2. Joint-stock Company
    Provided finacial means... usually only intended to endure for a few years. They lent money to those who needed it and they had to pay it back within a certain amount of time.
  3. Virginia Company of London
    A joint-stock company that received a charter from King James I of England for a settlement in the new world. The main attraction was the promise of gold.
  4. John Smith
    Took over Virginia in 1608... he whipped the gold-hungry colonists into line with one rule. "He who shall no work shall not eat"
  5. Jamestown
    Near the James river and named after King James I it was easy to defend but mosquito ridden. The colonists were used to being English Gentlemen and were not used to fending for themselves so as they continuously searched for gold they were starving.
  6. John Rolfe
    A peace settlement ended the Fist Anglo-Powhatan War in 1614 and it was sealed by the marriage of him and Pocahontas. (1st interracial union in Virginia)
  7. House of Burgesses
    A representative self-government was born in promitive Virginia in 1619. The settlers were authorized to summon and assembly (house of burgesses)
  8. Indentured servants
    Penniless persons who bound themselves to work for a number of years to pay their passage.
  9. Lasw of primogeniture
    Only eldest sons were eligible to inherit landed estates.
  10. Act of Toleration
    Passed in 1649, guaranteed toleration to all Christians.
  11. Charlestown
    Became the busiest seaport in the South with a rich aristocratic flavor.
  12. Royal Colony
    Controlled by a king and governed by an adviser sent by the King.
  13. Proprietary Colony
    Given and controlled by one or more individuals who were supporters of England
  14. Self-governing Colony
    Governed by the people, nothing to do with the crown.
  15. Puritanism
    Religion that saw fit to purify the Church of England. They believed in predestiny
  16. Separatists
    Small group of dedicated puritans that broke away entiely from the Church of England.
  17. Mayflower Compact
    Agreement to form a crude government and follow the rules that were agreed upon.
  18. Massachusetts Bay Company
    Joint-stock trading company given a charter by the english crown to colonize what is now Massachusetts.
  19. Anne Hutchinson
    Outcast in her day, she challenged the authority of the puritan religion, and believed that people could act however they wanted because of predestination.
  20. Roger Williams
    Fled to Rhode Island and built the first Baptitst church in America. He established complete freedom of religion, even for jews and Catholics. he demanded no oaths or taxes for the church.
  21. Fundamental Orders
    A modern constitution created by the settlers of Connecticut River colony in 1639.
  22. Thomas Hooker
    Established the town of Hartford in 1636
  23. New England Confederation
    Defense against foes or potential foes. Runaways and criminals who fled to another colony would still be withing jurisdiction of the confederation
  24. Dominion of New England
    Created by royal athority, embraced all New England. it aimed at improving colonial defense in the event of a war with the indians.
  25. Glorious Revolution
    In England King James II was dethroned. This uprising inspired the colonists to strike against royal authority in America.
  26. New Amsterdam
    Mouth of Hudson river lead by Peter Stuyvesant (father wooden leg) (total jerk) later conquered by Duke of York in 1664 and renamed New York
  27. Peter Stuyvesant
    (Father Wooden leg) Led New Amsterdam colony when it was conquered. (tyrant- total jerk)
  28. William Penn
    A quaker, recieved an immense grant of land from the king that was promised to his father. It was called Pennsilvania
  29. Holy Experiment
    In Pennsylvania there was freedom of religion, anti slavery, honesty with indians, and no military maltia.
  30. Middle Colonies
    New Jersey, New York, Delaware, Pennsylvania. Midway between New England and South. Known as Bread colonies for their exports of Grain.
  31. Quakers
    They had an emphasis on their inner light. They believe in the life of simplicity. Known as the Religious Society of Friends
  32. Bacon's Rebellion
    Led by Nathaniel Bacon. Frontiersmen who were forced into the untamed backcountry and din't agree with Berkeley's kindness towards indians. They took matters into their own hands.
  33. Slave Codes
    Blacks and their children were property of their masters. Blacks could not learn how to read and write.
  34. Plantation system
    Division of land into smaller units under private ownership
  35. Town Meeting
    Adult males met together and each man voted. (showcase for democracy)
  36. Harvard University
    Eight years after the founding of Massachusetts puritans established Harvard College. to train local boys for the ministry.
  37. Charleston
    One of the only four communities that could be called cities.
  38. Shipbuilding
    Cartoloads of virgin timber werer consumed by shipbuilders.
  39. Pennsylvania Dutch
    Germans fled religious persecutuion and came to America. Called pennsylvania dutch from the german workd Deutsch meaning german.
  40. Triangular Trade
    Food and forest product was taken to the Caribbean sugar islands. Spanish and portuguese gold, wine, and oranges were taken to London to be exchanged for indutrial good sold in America.
  41. Great Awakening
    First ignited by Johathan Edwards. He believed in salvation through good works and God's grace
  42. George Whitefield
    Brought a different style of preaching to America. He preached with loud energy and people were attracked to him. (was apart of the great awakening)
  43. John Peter Zenger
    Arrested for talking badly about royal government. Led to open public discussion.