Barrons GRE J-P.txt

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Barrons GRE J-P.txt
2011-09-12 21:49:18
barrons gre vocab

Barrons GRE J-P (1077/4759)
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  1. jabber
    chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
  2. jab
    poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
  3. jaded
    tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
  4. jargon
    language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
  5. jaundiced
    yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
  6. jaundice
    medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
  7. jaunt
    trip; short journey
  8. jaunty
    cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
  9. jeopardize
    endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
  10. jettison
    throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
  11. jibe
    agree; be in harmony with; gibe
  12. jingoist
    extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
  13. jocose
    given to(having a tendency of) joking
  14. jocular
    said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
  15. jest
    playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
  16. jocund
  17. jollity
    gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
  18. jostle
    shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
  19. shove
    push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
  20. bump
    hit or knock against with force; N.
  21. jovial
    good-natured; merry; cheerful
  22. jubilation
    rejoicing; great joy
  23. judicious
    sound on judgment; wise
  24. juggernaut
    irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
  25. jug
    pitcher; container for holding liquids
  26. juncture
    crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
  27. junket
    trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
  28. junta
    group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
  29. jurisprudence
    science of law
  30. jurisdiction
    right and power to apply the law; authority
  31. juridical
    of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
  32. juxtapose
    place side by side; CF. next
  33. kaleidoscope
    tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
  34. ken
    range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
  35. kernel
    central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
  36. killjoy
    grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
  37. grouch
    bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
  38. spoilsport
    one who spoils the pleasure of others
  39. kindle
    start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
  40. kindred
    related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
  41. kinetic
    producing motion; of motion
  42. kismet
    fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
  43. kleptomaniac
    person who has a compulsive desire to steal
  44. knave
    untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
  45. knead
    mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
  46. knell
    tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
  47. toll
    sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
  48. curfew
    regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
  49. knit
    contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
  50. crochet
    make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
  51. knoll
    little round hill; hillock
  52. knotty
    intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
  53. kudos
    honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
  54. entourage
    group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
  55. labile
    likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
  56. laborious
    demanding much work or care; tedious
  57. labyrinth
  58. laceration
    torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
  59. rip
    tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
  60. rag
    scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
  61. lachrymose
    producing tears; tearful
  62. lackadaisical
    lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
  63. halfhearted
    exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
  64. lackluster
    lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
  65. laconic
    brief and to the point; using few words; terse
  66. laggard
    slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
  67. lag
    move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
  68. straggle
    stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
  69. lagoon
    shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
  70. laity
    laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
  71. layman
    man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
  72. lament
    grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
  73. lampoon
    ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
  74. lancet
    small surgical tool for making incisions
  75. lance
    pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
  76. languid
    lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
  77. languish
    lose animation or strength
  78. languor
    lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
  79. lank
    long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
  80. lap
    take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
  81. larceny
    theft; Ex. petit larceny
  82. larder
    pantry; place where food is kept
  83. largess
    generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
  84. lascivious
  85. lust
    intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
  86. lassitude
    languor; weariness; listlessness
  87. latent
    present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
  88. lateral
    of or coming from the side
  89. latitude
    freedom from narrow limitations
  90. laud
    praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
  91. lavish
    liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
  92. lax
    careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
  93. leaven
    add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
  94. enliven
    make lively or spirited; animate
  95. lechery
    gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
  96. lectern
    reading desk or stand for a public speaker
  97. leery
    (of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
  98. leeway
    room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
  99. margin
    border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
  100. marginal
    of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
  101. legacy
    gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
  102. legend
    explanatory list of symbols on a map
  103. legerdemain
    sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
  104. leniency
    mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
  105. permissive
    allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
  106. leonine
    like a lion
  107. lethal
  108. lethargic
    drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
  109. levee
    earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
  110. levitate
    rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
  111. levity
    lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
  112. levy
    impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
  113. lewd
  114. lexicographer
    compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
  115. lexicon
  116. liability
    drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
  117. liaison
    contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
  118. libel
    defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
  119. libertine
    debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
  120. rou\'e
    lecherous man
  121. libidinous
  122. libido
    psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
  123. libretto
    text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
  124. licentious
    amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
  125. license
    official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
  126. lien
    legal claim or right on a property
  127. ligneous
    like wood
  128. lilliputian
    extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
  129. limber
    flexible; supple; pliable; V.
  130. limbo
    region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
  131. abode
    dwelling place; home
  132. abide
    dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
  133. limn
    draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
  134. limpid
    crystal clear
  135. lineage
    descent; ancestry
  136. lineaments
    features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
  137. feature
    distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
  138. linger
    loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
  139. persist
    continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
  140. linguistic
    pertaining to language
  141. lionize
    treat (a person) as a celebrity
  142. liquidate
    settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
  143. list
    tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
  144. listless
    lacking in spirit or energy; languid
  145. litany
    supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
  146. lithe
    flexible; supple; CF. limber
  147. willowy
    flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
  148. litigation
    lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
  149. litotes
    understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
  150. understate
    state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
  151. livid
    lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
  152. loath
    reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
  153. loathe
    detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
  154. lode
    metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
  155. lofty
    very high
  156. loft
    room or space under the roof; attic
  157. log
    record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
  158. loiter
    hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
  159. loll
    lounge about
  160. lounge
    stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
  161. longevity
    long life; long duration
  162. loom
    appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
  163. gallows
    framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
  164. noose
    loop formed in a rope
  165. lope
    gallop slowly
  166. loquacious
    talkative; N. loquacity
  167. lout
    clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
  168. low
    moo; make the sound of a cow
  169. lubricate
    apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
  170. lucid
    easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
  171. lucrative
    profitable; producing wealth
  172. lucre
    money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
  173. filth
    dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
  174. ludicrous
    laughable; ridiculous; trifling
  175. lugubrious
    mournful; sorrowful
  176. lull
    moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
  177. lumber
    move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
  178. lumen
    unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
  179. luminary
    celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
  180. dignitary
    person of high rank or position
  181. luminous
    shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
  182. lunar
    pertaining to the moon
  183. lunatic
    insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
  184. lurid
    wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
  185. lurk
    stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
  186. slink
    move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
  187. luscious
    pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
  188. luster
    shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
  189. lustrous
    shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
  190. luxuriant
    abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
  191. macabre
    gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
  192. morgue
    mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
  193. cremate
    incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
  194. mace
    ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
  195. macerate
    soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
  196. Machiavellian
    crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
  197. machinations
    evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
  198. maculated
    spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
  199. madrigal
    pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
  200. maelstrom
    violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
  201. magisterial
    authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
  202. magistrate
    official with power to administer the law
  203. magnanimity
    generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
  204. magnate
    person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
  205. magniloquent
    boastful; pompous
  206. magnitude
    greatness (in size or extent); extent
  207. maim
    mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
  208. mangle
    tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
  209. maladroit
    clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
  210. malady
  211. malaise
    uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
  212. malapropism
    comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
  213. malapropos
    inappropriate; ADV.
  214. malcontent
    person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
  215. malediction
  216. malefactor
    evildoer; criminal
  217. maleficient
    doing evil; N. maleficience
  218. malevolent
    wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
  219. malfeasance
    wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
  220. malicious
    hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
  221. malign
    speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
  222. malignant
    tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
  223. malingerer
    one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
  224. malleable
    (of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
  225. malodorous
  226. compost
    mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
  227. mammal
    vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
  228. vertebrate
    having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
  229. suckle
    give or take milk at the breast or udder
  230. nurse
    suckle; take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
  231. mammoth
    gigantic; enormous
  232. manacle
    restrain; handcuff; N.
  233. mandate
    order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
  234. mandatory
    obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
  235. mangy
    shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
  236. mange
    skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
  237. maniacal
    raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
  238. manifest
    evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
  239. manifestation
    outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
  240. pronounced
    distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
  241. manifesto
    public declaration of principles; statement of policy
  242. manifold
    many in number or kind; numerous; varied
  243. manipulate
    operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
  244. mannered
    affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
  245. mannerism
    distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
  246. manumit
    emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
  247. marital
    pertaining to marriage
  248. maritime
    bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
  249. marked
    noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
  250. marred
    damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
  251. marshal
    put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
  252. enlist
    (cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
  253. marsupial
    one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
  254. martial
    warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
  255. cadet
    student at a military school
  256. martinet
    strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
  257. martyr
    one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
  258. masochist
    person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
  259. masticate
  260. materialism
    preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
  261. maternal
    motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
  262. matriarch
    woman who rules a family or larger social group
  263. matriculate
    enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
  264. matrix
    point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
  265. maudlin
    effusively sentimental
  266. sentimental
    swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
  267. maul
    handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
  268. mausoleum
    monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
  269. mauve
    pale purple
  270. maverick
    rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
  271. mawkish
    mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
  272. maxim
    proverb; truth pithily stated
  273. mayhem
    injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
  274. meager
    scanty; inadequate
  275. mealymouthed
    indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
  276. meander
    wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
  277. meddlesome
    interfering; V. meddle: interfere
  278. mediate
    settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
  279. intermediary
    intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
  280. mediocre
    ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
  281. meditation
    reflection; thought; V. meditate
  282. medium
    element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
  283. medley
  284. meek
    submissive; patient and long-suffering
  285. suitor
    man who is courting a woman
  286. megalomania
    mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
  287. melancholy
    gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
  288. blue
    gloomy; depressed
  289. melee
  290. mellifluous
    (of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
  291. memento
    token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
  292. memorialize
  293. memorial
    something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
  294. menagerie
    collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
  295. mendacious
    lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
  296. mendicant
    beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
  297. alms
    money or goods given to the poor
  298. menial
    suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
  299. mentor
    counselor; teacher
  300. mercantile
    concerning trade or merchants
  301. mercenary
    motivated solely by money or gain; N.
  302. mercurial
    capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
  303. quicksilver
  304. meretricious
    flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
  305. vulgar
    of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
  306. merger
    combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
  307. mesmerize
    hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
  308. metallurgical
    pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
  309. metamorphosis
    change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
  310. metaphor
    implied comparison; CF. simile
  311. soar
    rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
  312. metaphysical
    pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
  313. mete
    measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
  314. meteoric
    like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
  315. methodical
    systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
  316. meticulous
    excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
  317. metropolis
    large city
  318. mettle
    courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
  319. miasma
    swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
  320. swamp
    wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
  321. microcosm
    small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
  322. miniature
    small model; small painting; ADJ: small
  323. migrant
    changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
  324. migratory
    wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
  325. milieu
    social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
  326. militant
    combative; bellicose; N.
  327. militate
    work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
  328. militia
    army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
  329. millennium
    thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
  330. mimicry
  331. mime
    pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
  332. minatory
    menacing; threatening
  333. mincing
    affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
  334. dainty
    delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
  335. exquisite
    delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
  336. choice
    delicate; of very fine quality
  337. minion
    servile dependent; obsequious follower
  338. minuscule(miniscule)
    extremely small
  339. minute
    extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
  340. minutiae
    petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
  341. mirage
    unreal reflection; optical illusion
  342. mire
    entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
  343. mirth
    merriment; laughter
  344. misadventure
    mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
  345. misanthrope
    one who hates mankind; misanthropist
  346. vile
    despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
  347. misapprehension
    error; misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
  348. miscellany
    mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
  349. miscellaneous
    made up of a variety of parts
  350. mischance
    ill luck
  351. misconstrue
    interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
  352. miscreant
    wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
  353. wretch
    miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
  354. misdemeanor
    minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
  355. misconduct
    immoral behavior; bad management; V.
  356. miserly
    stingy; mean
  357. misgivings
  358. mishap
    unfortunate accident
  359. misnomer
    wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
  360. misogamy
    hatred of marriage
  361. misogynist
    hater of woman; CF. misogyny
  362. missile
    object to be thrown or projected
  363. missive
    letter; written statement; CF. sent
  364. mite
    very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
  365. mitigate
    appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
  366. mnemonic
    pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
  367. mobile
    movable; not fixed; N. mobility
  368. mock
    ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
  369. mode
    prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
  370. modicum
    limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
  371. modish
    fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
  372. modulate
    tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
  373. mogul
    powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
  374. molecule
    the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
  375. mollify
    soothe an angry person
  376. mollycoddle
    pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
  377. molt(moult)
    periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
  378. molten
    melted; Ex. molten lava
  379. momentous
    very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
  380. momentum
    quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
  381. monarchy
    government under a single ruler
  382. monastic
    related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
  383. monetary
    pertaining to money
  384. monochromatic
    having only one color
  385. monochrome
    painting in only one color; ADJ.
  386. monogram
    design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
  387. monograph
    scholarly article
  388. monolithic
    solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
  389. monotheism
    belief in one God
  390. monotony
    sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
  391. monumental
    massive; impressively large; built as a monument
  392. moodiness
    fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
  393. moratorium
    legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
  394. morbid
    given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
  395. mordant
    biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
  396. mores
    conventions; moral standards; moral customs
  397. moribund
    dying; at the point of death; CF. death
  398. morose
    ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
  399. mortician
    undertaker; CF. death
  400. undertaker
    funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
  401. mortify
    humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
  402. mosaic
    picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
  403. mote
    small speck (esp. of dust)
  404. speck
    small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
  405. motif
    theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
  406. motility
    ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
  407. motley
    multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
  408. motto
    brief statement used to express a principle
  409. mottled
    blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
  410. blotch
    spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
  411. blemish
    mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
  412. mountebank
    charlatan; boastful pretender
  413. peddle
    travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
  414. muddle
    confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
  415. muggy
    (of weather) warm and damp
  416. mulct
    defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
  417. multifarious
    varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
  418. multiform
    having many forms
  419. multilingual
    having many languages; fluent in several languages
  420. multiplicity
    state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
  421. mundane
    worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
  422. munificent
    very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
  423. mural
    wall painting
  424. murky
    dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
  425. muse
    ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
  426. musky
    having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
  427. muster
    gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
  428. musty
    stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
  429. mutablility
    ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
  430. muted
    silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
  431. mute
    silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
  432. mutilate
    maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
  433. mutinous
    unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
  434. myopic
    nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
  435. myriad
    very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
  436. nadir
    lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
  437. naivet\'e(naivety)
    quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
  438. narcissist
    conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
  439. narrative
    related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
  440. nascent
    incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
  441. natation
  442. natty
    neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
  443. smart
    intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
  444. nauseate
    cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
  445. nausea
    feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
  446. nauseous
    causing nausea; feeling nausea
  447. nautical
    pertaining to ships or navigation
  448. navigable
    (of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered
  449. nebulous
    vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
  450. nebula
    diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
  451. necromancy
    black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
  452. nefarious
    very wicked
  453. negate
    cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
  454. negligence
    neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
  455. negligible
    so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
  456. nemesis
    someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
  457. neologism
    new or newly coined word or phrase
  458. neophyte
    recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
  459. nepotism
    favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
  460. favoritism
    display of partiality toward a favored person
  461. nether
    lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
  462. nettle
    irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
  463. nexus
  464. nib
    beak(bill); pen point
  465. nicety
    precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
  466. niggardly
    meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. niggard: stingy person
  467. niggle
    spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
  468. nihilist
    one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
  469. nip
    snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
  470. snip
    short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
  471. pinch
    squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
  472. nirvana
    in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
  473. impersonal
    not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
  474. nocturnal
    done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
  475. noisome
    foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
  476. nomadic
    wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
  477. nomenclature
    terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
  478. nominal
    in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
  479. nonchalance
    indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
  480. noncommittal
    neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided
  481. nondescript
    undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd
  482. nonentity
    person of no importance; nonexistence
  483. nonplus
    put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
  484. nostalgia
    homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
  485. nostrum
    questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
  486. notable
    conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
  487. notoriety
    disrepute; ill fame
  488. nova
    star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
  489. novelty
    something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
  490. novice
  491. noxious
    harmful; CF. obnoxious
  492. nuance
    shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
  493. shade
    slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
  494. gradation
    series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
  495. nubile
    marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
  496. nugatory
    worthless; futile
  497. nullify
    make invalid; make null; invalidate
  498. numismatist
    person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
  499. nuptial
    related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
  500. nurture
    nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
  501. nutrient
    nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
  502. nutrition
    process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
  503. nutritious
    providing nourishment
  504. nourish
    provide with food necessary for life and growth
  505. nourishment
    something that nourishes; food
  506. oaf
    stupid awkward person; CF. elf
  507. obdurate
    stubborn; refusing to change one's belief
  508. obeisance
    bow (to show respect and obedience)
  509. obelisk
    tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
  510. obese
    excessively fat; N. obesity
  511. obfuscate
    confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
  512. obituary
    death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
  513. objective
    not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim
  514. obligatory
    binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
  515. oblique
    indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
  516. obliterate
    destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
  517. oblivion
    obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
  518. oblivious
    inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
  519. obloquy
    slander; disgrace; infamy
  520. obnoxious
    offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
  521. obscure
    dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
  522. obsequious
    slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
  523. slavish
    of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
  524. obsequy
    funeral ceremony
  525. obsessive
    related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
  526. obsidian
    black volcanic rock
  527. scion
    detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
  528. obsolete
    outmoded; no longer used
  529. obstetrician
    physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
  530. obstinate
    stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
  531. obstreperous
    boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
  532. obtrude
    push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
  533. obtuse
    blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
  534. obviate
    make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
  535. Occident
    the West
  536. occlude
    shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
  537. occult
    mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
  538. oculist
    physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
  539. odious
    arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
  540. odium
    detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
  541. odoriferous
    giving off an odor
  542. odorous
    having an odor
  543. odyssey
    long, eventful, adventurous journey
  544. offensive
    attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
  545. offhand
    casual; done without prior thought or preparation
  546. officious
    meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
  547. pushy
    disagreeably aggressive
  548. ogle
    look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
  549. olfactory
    concerning the sense of smell
  550. oligarchy
    government by a privileged few
  551. ominous
    threatening; of an evil omen
  552. threat
    sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
  553. omnipotent
    all-powerful; having unlimited power
  554. omnipresent
    universally present; ubiquitous
  555. omniscient
  556. omnivorous
    eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
  557. onerous
  558. onomatopoeia
    words formed in imitation of natural sounds
  559. rustle
    make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
  560. onslaught
    vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
  561. slaughter
    killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
  562. onus
    burden; responsibility
  563. spare
    give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
  564. opalescent
    iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
  565. opaque
    dark; not transparent; N. opacity
  566. opiate
    medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
  567. opportune
    timely; well-chosen
  568. opportunist
    individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
  569. opprobrium
    infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
  570. optician
    maker and seller of eyeglasses
  571. optimist
    person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
  572. optimum
    most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition
  573. optional
    not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
  574. optometrist
    one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
  575. opulence
    extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
  576. opus
    work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
  577. oracular
    of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
  578. orator
    public speaker
  579. oratorio
    dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
  580. ordain
    decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
  581. ordeal
    severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
  582. ordinance
    decree; authoritative order
  583. ordination
    ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
  584. orgy
    wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
  585. orient
    get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
  586. orientation
    act of finding oneself in society; orienting
  587. orifice
    mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
  588. ornate
    excessively or elaborately decorated
  589. ornithologist
    scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
  590. orthodox
    traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
  591. orthography
    correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
  592. oscillate
    vibrate pendulumlike; waver
  593. osseous
    made of bone; bony
  594. ossify
    change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas
  595. ostensible
    apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
  596. apparent
    evident; easily seen or understood; appearing as such; Ex. apparent improvement
  597. ostentatious
    showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
  598. ostracize
    banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
  599. blackball
    vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
  600. oust
    expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
  601. outlandish
    bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
  602. outmoded
    no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
  603. outskirts
    fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
  604. outspoken
    candid; blunt
  605. blunt
    having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
  606. outstrip
    outrun; surpass; outdo
  607. outwit
    outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
  608. ovation
    enthusiastic applause
  609. overbearing
    bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
  610. overt
    open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
  611. overweening
    arrogant; presumptuous
  612. overwrought
    nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
  613. hysteria
    excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
  614. ovoid
    egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
  615. pachyderm
    thick-skinned animal
  616. pacifist
    one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
  617. pacify
    soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
  618. paean
    song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
  619. painstaking
    taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
  620. palatable
    agreeable; pleasing to the taste
  621. palate
    roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
  622. palatial
    of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
  623. paleontology
    study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
  624. palette
    board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
  625. palimpsest
    parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
  626. parchment
    writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
  627. pall
    become boring; grow tiresome
  628. pallet
    small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
  629. palliate
    ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
  630. pallid
    pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
  631. palpable
    tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
  632. palpitate
    throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
  633. throb
    (of a heart or machine) beat rapidly or violently; N. Ex. hearthrob: heartbeat; sweetheart
  634. paltry
    insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
  635. pan
    criticize harshly
  636. panacea
    cure-all; remedy for all diseases
  637. panache
    flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ÀÜ ¾Æ·¡·Î õÀ» »©³»´Â ¼Ø¾¾
  638. pandemic
    widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
  639. pandemonium
    wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
  640. pander
    cater to (the low desires of others)
  641. cater
    provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
  642. panegyric
    formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
  643. panoramic
    denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
  644. pantomime
    acting without dialogue; V.
  645. papyrus
    ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
  646. parable
    short simple story teaching a moral
  647. paradigm
    model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
  648. paradox
    something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
  649. paragon
    model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
  650. parallelism
    state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
  651. parallel
    similar; analogous; corresponding; N: parallel line; person or thing that is parallel (to another); similarity; Ex. know of no parallel to the case; Ex. without parallel; V: be similar to; make parallel; Ex. Your experience parallels mine; CF. unparalleled
  652. parameter
    limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
  653. paramount
    foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
  654. paramour
    illicit lover
  655. inamorata
    woman whom a man loves
  656. paranoia
    psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
  657. paraphernalia
    equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
  658. dowry
    money or property brought by a bride to her husband at marriage
  659. paraphrase
    restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
  660. parasite
    animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
  661. infest
    inhabit in numbers large enough to be harmful; Ex. Mice infested the house; Ex. shark-infested waters
  662. parched
    extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
  663. pariah
    social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
  664. outcast
    one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
  665. parity
    equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
  666. parlance
    language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
  667. parley
    conference (between opponents); CF. speak
  668. parochial
    narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
  669. parish
    area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
  670. outlook
    point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
  671. parody
    humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
  672. spoof
  673. takeoff
    burlesque; act of leaving the ground
  674. paroxysm
    fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
  675. parquet
    floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
  676. parry
    ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ã"
  677. ward
    administrative division of a city; division in a hospital or prison; incompetent person placed under the protection of a guardian; V: guard; ward off: avert
  678. parsimony
    stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
  679. partial
    incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
  680. partiality
    state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
  681. partisan
    one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
  682. parvenu
    upstart; newly rich person
  683. partition
    divide into parts
  684. pass\'e
    old-fashioned; past the prime
  685. passive
    not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
  686. pastiche
    imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
  687. pastoral
    rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
  688. patent
    obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
  689. pathetic
    causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
  690. touching
    causing a feeling of pity or sympathy; pathetic; V. touch: cause to feel pity or sympathy; ADJ. touched
  691. pathological
    pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
  692. pathos
    tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
  693. patina
    green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
  694. varnish
    paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
  695. patois
    local or provincial dialect
  696. patriarch
    father and ruler of a family or tribe
  697. patrician
    noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
  698. patronize
    support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
  699. paucity
    scarcity; dearth
  700. pauper
    very poor person
  701. peccadillo
    slight offense or fault; CF. sin
  702. swipe
    hit with a sweeping motion; N.
  703. pecuniary
    pertaining to money
  704. pedagogue
    teacher; CF. child leader
  705. pedagogy
    teaching; art of education
  706. pedant
    scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
  707. pedantic
    bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
  708. bookish
    fond of books and reading
  709. studious
    given to diligent study
  710. pedestrian
    ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
  711. precinct
    division of a city for election or police purposes; precincts: space that surrounds a building; Ex. precincts of the college
  712. pedigree
    ancestry; lineage
  713. pediatrician
    physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
  714. peerless
    having no equal; incomparable
  715. peer
    one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
  716. pejorative
    (of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
  717. pell-mell
    in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
  718. pellucid
    transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
  719. penance
    self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
  720. penchant
    strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
  721. pendant(pendent)
    hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
  722. pending
    not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
  723. pendulous
    hanging; suspended
  724. suspend
    cause to stop for a period; interrupt; hold in abeyance; defer; hang from above; exclude for a period from a position; Ex. suspended state; Ex. suspend judgment; Ex. suspended from the team; N. suspension
  725. suspense
    state of being undecided; anxiety or apprehension resulting from uncertainty
  726. penitent
    repentant; N.
  727. pensive
    dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
  728. penumbra
    partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
  729. penury
    extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
  730. peon
    landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
  731. perceptive
    insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
  732. percussion
    striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
  733. perdition
    damnation; complete ruin; hell
  734. damn
    condemn; criticize severely; condemn to everlasting punishment; doom; bring to ruin; N. damnation
  735. doom
    condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
  736. peregrination
    journey; V. peregrinate
  737. peremptory
    demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
  738. perennial
    something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
  739. perfidious
    treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
  740. perforate
    pierce; put a hole through
  741. perfunctory
    done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
  742. perigee
    point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
  743. perimeter
    outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
  744. bound
    leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to say my opinion; CF. bounce, rebound
  745. peripatetic
    walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
  746. peripheral
    of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
  747. periphery
    outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
  748. perjury
    false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
  749. permeable
    that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
  750. pernicious
    very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
  751. peroration
    conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
  752. perpetrate
    commit an offense; do (something wrong)
  753. perpetual
  754. perpetuate
    make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
  755. perquisite(perk)
    any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
  756. personable
    attractive (in personality or appearance)
  757. perspicacious
    (of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
  758. perspicuity
    clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
  759. perspicuous
    (of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
  760. pert
    (esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
  761. forward
    presumptuous or bold
  762. pertinacious
    holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
  763. pertinent
    suitable; to the point; relevant
  764. perturb
    disturb greatly
  765. peruse
    read through with care; N. perusal
  766. pervasive
    spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
  767. perverse
    purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
  768. perversion
    corruption; turning from right to wrong
  769. pervert
    corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
  770. wrongheaded
    stubbornly wrong
  771. pessimism
    belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
  772. pestilential(pestilent)
    causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
  773. pestle
    tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
  774. mortar
    vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
  775. mash
    crush into mash; convert into mash; N: mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl
  776. petrify
    turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
  777. petty
    trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
  778. petulant
    touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
  779. phalanx
    formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
  780. pharisaical
    pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
  781. pharisee
    Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
  782. self-righteous
    sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
  783. phenomena
    observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
  784. philanderer
    faithless lover; flirt
  785. philanthropist
    lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
  786. philatelist
    stamp-collector; N. philately: stamp collecting
  787. philistine
    narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain; uncultured person who is indifferent to artistic and cultural values; member of an ancient people in Palestine; OP. aesthete
  788. philology
    study of language or words
  789. phlegmatic
    calm and unexcitable; not easily disturbed; CF. phlegm: sticky mucus produced in the respiratory tract
  790. phobia
    morbid fear
  791. phoenix
    symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
  792. phylum
    major classification, second to kingdom, of plants and animals; category ranking below a kingdom and above a class; division
  793. physiognomy
    face (as showing the character and the mind); art of judging human character from facial features
  794. physiological
    pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms; N. physiology
  795. piebald
    of different colors; mottled; spotted in different colors (esp. in black and white); Ex. piebald horse; CF. pie+bald
  796. piecemeal
    one part at a time; gradually; in stages; Ex. read a novel piecemeal
  797. pied
    piebald; variegated(many-colored); multicolored
  798. piety
    devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
  799. pigment
    coloring matter (usually powder to be mixed with water or oil)
  800. pillage
  801. pillory
    punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
  802. pine
    long for; yearn; languish from longing or grief; decline
  803. pinion
    restrain or immobilize by binding the wings or legs; N: bird's wing
  804. pinnacle
    peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
  805. pious
    devout; religious; N. piety
  806. piquant
    pleasantly tart-tasting; spicy; pleasantly stimulating; Ex. piquant situation when my old enemy asked for my help
  807. tart
    sharp to the taste; acid-tasting; caustic; sarcastic; Ex. tart apple/reply
  808. sour
    having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
  809. pique
    irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
  810. piscatorial
    pertaining to fishing; CF. Pisces
  811. pitfall
    hidden danger; concealed trap
  812. beware
    be cautious (of)
  813. pith
    core or marrow; spongelike substance in the center of stems; essence; substance
  814. marrow
    soft fatty tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of blood cells
  815. pithy
    concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
  816. pittance
    small amount (of money); small allowance or wage
  817. pivotal
    of a pivot; central; critical; crucial
  818. placate
    pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
  819. placebo
    harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill
  820. tablet
    small round piece of medicine; flat piece of stone or metal bearing an inscription; Ex. stone tablet on the wall
  821. placid
    peaceful; calm; Ex. placid child/lake
  822. plagiarize
    steal another's ideas or writings and pass them off as one's own; Ex. ideas plagiarized from my article; N. plagiarism; CF. kidnap
  823. plaintive
    expressing sorrow; mournful; Ex. plaintive song
  824. plait
    braid; interwine; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; Ex. plaited hair; N: braided length as of hair o fabric; CF. pigtail, ponytail
  825. plasticity
    ability to be molded; ADJ. plastic: capable of being shaped or molded; Ex. plastic material such as clay
  826. platitude
    trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
  827. commonplace
    ordinary; N: something ordinary or common; trite remark
  828. commonwealth
    nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation
  829. platonic
    purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
  830. plaudit
    praise; enthusiastic approval; round(succession or series) of applause; ADJ. plauditory; CF. applaud
  831. plausible
    conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
  832. plebeian
    common; vulgar; pertaining to the common people; N: common people in ancient Rome; CF. patrician
  833. plebiscite
    direct vote by the entire electorate (on an important issue)
  834. referendum
    direct vote by all the people
  835. plenary
    (of power) complete; full; fully attended by all qualified members; Ex. plenary power
  836. plenitude
    abundance; plenty; great amount; completeness; fullness; CF. plenary, plenty
  837. plethora
    excess; overabundance; Ex. a plethora of excuses
  838. pliable
    flexible; easily influenced; yielding; adaptable
  839. pliant
    flexible; easily influenced
  840. plight
    difficult condition; condition or state (esp. a bad state or condition); predicament
  841. pluck
    courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
  842. plumage
    feathers of a bird;
  843. plumb
    exactly vertical; N: weight on the end of a line; V: examine very carefully or critically in order to understand; measure depth (by sounding); Ex. plumb the depth of
  844. plumber
    one who installs and repairs pipes and plumbing(pipes)
  845. plummet
    fall sharply; fall straight down; Ex. Stock prices plummeted.
  846. plutocracy
    society ruled by the wealthy
  847. podiatrist
    doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
  848. podium
    pedestal; raised platform
  849. pedestal
    support or base as for a pillar or statue
  850. poignancy
    quality of being deeply moving; keenness of emotion; ADJ. poignant: touching; deeply moving; (of sorrow, grief, etc.) painful; keenly distressing to the mind; Ex. poignant memory/anxiety; CF. prick
  851. polarize
    split into opposite extremes or camps
  852. polarity
    state of having two opposite qualities
  853. polar
    of a pole; characterized by opposite extremes; Ex. polar opposites
  854. camp
    group sharing a common cause or opinion
  855. polemic
    attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
  856. polemical(polemic)
    aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious (rather than simply expressing opinions)
  857. politic
    prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
  858. polity
    (particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
  859. polygamist
    one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
  860. polyglot
    speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
  861. pomposity
    self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
  862. ponderous
    having great weight; weighty; unwieldy; lacking lightness; dull; Ex. ponderous body/style of writing
  863. pontifical
    pertaining to a bishop or pope; pompous or pretentious; CF. pontiff: pope; bishop
  864. pore
    study industriously; ponder; scrutinize; Ex. pore over the book; N.
  865. porous
    full of pores; like a sieve
  866. interstice
    narrow space between things
  867. portend
    foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
  868. soothsayer
    one who foretells the future
  869. portly
    stout; corpulent
  870. stout
    rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
  871. poseur
    person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc., to impress others; person who poses; CF. pose
  872. pose
    assume a particular posture; put forward; present; affect a particular attitude (to impress others); Ex. pose a threat; N.
  873. posterity
    descendants; future generations; Ex. go down to posterity; CF. posterior, anterior
  874. posthumous
    after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death); coming or occurring after one's death; Ex. posthumous fame/novel
  875. postmortem
    autopsy; ADJ: occurring after death; of a postmortem
  876. postulate
    self-evident truth; something assumed without proof; V: assume the truth of (as a basis of an argument)
  877. posture
    assume an affected pose; act artificially; N: pose; attitude
  878. potable
    suitable for drinking; drinkable
  879. potent
    powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
  880. potentate
    monarch; sovereign
  881. potential
    expressing possibility; latent; N: capacity for growth
  882. potion
    dose (of liquids); liquid dose
  883. potpourri
    heterogeneous mixture; medley; mixture of dried flower petals a pot (to give a pleasant smell to a room)
  884. poultice
    soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of the body
  885. practicable
  886. practical
    based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
  887. pragmatic
    practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
  888. pragmatist
    practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
  889. prance
    move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)
  890. prate
    talk idly; speak foolishly; boast idly
  891. prattle
    talk idly; babble; N. CF. prate
  892. idle
    not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
  893. preamble
    introductory statement
  894. precarious
    unsafe; lacking in stability; uncertain; risky; Ex. precarious living
  895. precedent
    something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
  896. precedent
    preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
  897. precept
    practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
  898. precipice
    cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
  899. brink
    edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
  900. precipitant
    something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
  901. precipitate
    hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
  902. precipitous
    steep; overhasty; precipitate
  903. pr\'ecis
    abstract; concise summing up of main points; concise summary of a text
  904. precise
  905. preclude
    make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
  906. precocious
    advanced in development; N. precocity
  907. precursor
    forerunner; predecessor
  908. predator
    predatory animal or bird; predatory person; creature that seizes and devours another animal; person who robs or exploits others; ADJ. predatory: living by preying on other organisms; plundering; N. predation
  909. predecessor
    former occupant of a post
  910. predetermine
    determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
  911. predicament
    difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
  912. predilection
    preference; partiality
  913. predispose
    give an inclination toward (in advance); make susceptible to; Ex. predispose people to certain cancer; N. predisposition
  914. preeminent
    outstanding; superior
  915. preempt
    prevent in advance; head off(forestall); forestall by acting first; appropriate for oneself before others; supplant; take the place of; displace; Ex. preempt any attempts; ADJ. preemptive
  916. preen
    make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. preen oneself on; CF. prune
  917. prefatory
    introductory; of a preface
  918. prehensile
    capable of grasping or holding (esp. by wrapping around); Ex. prehensile tails
  919. prelate
    church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
  920. prelude
    introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
  921. premeditate
    plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
  922. premise
    assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
  923. premonition
    forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
  924. premonitory
    serving to warn
  925. preponderance
    superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant
  926. preposterous
    absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
  927. prerogative
    privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
  928. presage
    foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
  929. prescience
    ability to foretell the future; knowledge of actions before they occur; ADJ. prescient
  930. presentiment
    premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
  931. prestige
    respect or admiration; impression produced by achievements or reputation; ADJ: causing admiration; ADJ. prestigious: having prestige
  932. presumptuous
    going beyond what is right; excessively forward; arrogant; taking liberties
  933. presume
    take for granted; assume; act overconfidently; take liberties; presume on/upon: take unfair advantage of (someone's kindness or connection); N. presumption
  934. pretentious
    ostentatious; showy; pompous; making unjustified claims; overambitious; Ex. pretentious films that claim to be art
  935. pretend
    feign; pretend to: claim to possess; make pretensions to; Ex. I don't pretend to much expertise; N. pretense
  936. pretension
    pretentiousness; claim (without foundation); Ex. I make no pretensions to skill as an artist.
  937. preternatural
    beyond what is normal in nature; supernatural; Ex. preternatural strength/forces
  938. pretext
  939. prevail
    be widespread; triumph over; gain victory; prevail on: persuade; induce; Ex. Justice has prevailed; Ex. prevail on someone to do something
  940. prevalent
    widespread; generally accepted
  941. prevaricate
    lie; hide the truth (by equivocating)
  942. prey
    target of a hunt; victim; V: hunt and eat as prey; victimize; Ex. Cats prey on mice.
  943. prim
    proper to the point of affectation; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
  944. primogeniture
    seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
  945. primordial
    existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
  946. primp
    groom oneself with care; adorn oneself
  947. pristine
    unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
  948. privation
    lack of the basic necessities or comforts of life; hardship; want; CF. deprive
  949. privy
    secret; hidden; not public; made a participant in something secret; Ex. privy chamber government; Ex. be privy to a discussion; CF. private
  950. probe
    explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
  951. probity
    uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
  952. defalcate
  953. problematic
    causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.
  954. proclivity
    inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
  955. procrastinate
    postpone; delay or put off
  956. procurement
    obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
  957. prod
    poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding
  958. prodigal
    wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
  959. prodigious
    enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
  960. prodigy
    highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
  961. profane
    violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things
  962. profligate
    wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy
  963. profound
    deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity
  964. profusion
    great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
  965. progenitor
  966. progeny
    children; offspring; descendants
  967. prognosis
    forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
  968. prognosticate
    predict (according to present indications)
  969. prohibitive
    so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
  970. projectile
    missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
  971. proletarian
    member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
  972. proliferate
    grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
  973. prolific
    producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
  974. prolixity
    tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse
  975. prologue
    introduction (to a poem or play)
  976. feud
    bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism
  977. prolong
    lengthen; extend; draw out
  978. prominent
    protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
  979. promiscuous
    mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity
  980. promontory
  981. promote
    advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product
  982. prompt
    cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue
  983. cue
    word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to
  984. promulgate
    announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
  985. prone
    inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
  986. propagate
    increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
  987. propellant(propellent)
    substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
  988. propensity
    natural inclination
  989. prophetic
    of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
  990. prophylactic
    used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
  991. propinquity
    nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
  992. propitiate
    appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory
  993. propitious
    favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign
  994. horoscope
    diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
  995. proponent
    supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
  996. propound
    put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
  997. propriety
    fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
  998. usage
    act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used
  999. propulsive
    driving forward; N. propulsion
  1000. prosaic
    lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
  1001. proscenium
    part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
  1002. proscribe
    prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
  1003. outlaw
    fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
  1004. proselytize
    (induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
  1005. prosody
    art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
  1006. metrical
    metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer
  1007. meter
    arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)
  1008. prosperity
    good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
  1009. prosper
    become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care
  1010. prosperous
    successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off
  1011. prostrate
    stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
  1012. protean
    able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will
  1013. prot\'eg\'e
    person receiving protection and support from a patron
  1014. protocol
    diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.
  1015. prototype
    original work used as a model by others
  1016. protract
    prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
  1017. protrude
    stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
  1018. protuberance
    protrusion; swelling; bulge
  1019. bulge
    protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
  1020. provenance
    place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come
  1021. provender
    dry food for livestock; fodder
  1022. provident
    providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
  1023. providence
    quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate
  1024. provincial
    pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
  1025. provisional
    tentative; temporary
  1026. proviso
    stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
  1027. provision
    act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement
  1028. provocative
    arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
  1029. prowess
    extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle
  1030. proximity
    nearness; ADJ. proximate
  1031. proxy
    authorized agent; authority to act for another
  1032. prude
    excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety
  1033. prudent
    cautious; careful; prudential
  1034. prune
    cut away; trim
  1035. prurient
    having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire
  1036. pry
    inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying
  1037. prize
    pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)
  1038. pseudonym
    pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
  1039. psyche
    soul; mind
  1040. psychiatrist
    doctor who treats mental diseases
  1041. psychic
    of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
  1042. psychopathic
    pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
  1043. psychosis
    mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
  1044. psychosomatic
    of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
  1045. pterodactyl
    extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger
  1046. puerile
    childish; immature; CF. puer: boy
  1047. pugilist
    boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
  1048. pugnacity
    combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature
  1049. puissant
    powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power
  1050. pulchritude
    beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous
  1051. pulmonary
    pertaining to the lungs
  1052. pulsate
    throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly
  1053. pulse
    rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate
  1054. pulverize
    crush or grind into very small particles
  1055. pummel
    pommel; beat or pound with fists
  1056. punctilious
    minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail
  1057. pundit
    authority on a subject; expert; learned person
  1058. pungent
    stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency
  1059. punitive
    punishing; Ex. punitive measures
  1060. puny
    tiny; weak; insignificant
  1061. purchase
    secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
  1062. purgatory
    place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
  1063. purge
    remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.
  1064. purport
    intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general
  1065. purported
    alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists
  1066. rooster
    cock; adult male chicken
  1067. rabble
    mob; noisy crowd
  1068. purse
    pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet
  1069. pucker
    gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold
  1070. purveyor
    furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide
  1071. pusillanimous
    cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted
  1072. putative
    supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
  1073. putrid
    decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity
  1074. putrefy
    make or become putrid; N. putrefaction
  1075. putrescent
    becoming putrid; putrefying
  1076. gangrene
    decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
  1077. pyromaniac
    person with an insane desire to set things on fire