Astro 150

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Author:
bpotter2008
ID:
101406
Filename:
Astro 150
Updated:
2011-09-14 02:21:25
Tags:
Astronomy UMKC
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Description:
Astronomy Test 09/15
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  1. Select the correct ranking of distance from near to far (from you on Earth): Andromeda galaxy, Moon, Star (not sun), Pluto, Sun
    A. Moon, Sun, Pluto, Star (not Sun), Andromeda galaxy.
  2. Using the Earth globe, how far apart must the moon globe be placed to make an accurate earth-moon scale model?

    A. 3 globes
    B. 300 globes
    C. 3000 globes
    D. 30 globes
    D. 30 globes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Rank from size smallest to largest: Earth, Sun, Moon, Jupiter
    A. Moon, Earth, Jupiter, Sun
  4. Traveling at light speed, howlong would it take you to fly to the center of the Milky Way?

    A. 25,000 years
    B. 50,000 years
    C. 75,000 years
    D. 100,000 years
    A. 25,000 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. NASA plans to launch a spacecraft soon that will leave the Milky Way Galaxy to take a photograph of our galaxy from the outside (above) to confirm where we live.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  6. Relative to the age of the Universe, Earth is how old?

    A. same as Universe
    B. older than the Universe
    C. 1/3 as old as the Universe
    D. 2/3 as old as the Universe
    • C. 1/3 as old as the Universe
    • The earth is ~4 billion years old. The Universe is ~13.7 billion years old.
  7. We all experience two of Earth’s motions regularly. The Earth spins on its axis __________ and orbits the Sun_________ .

    A. once a day, once a week
    B. once a day, once a month
    C. once a week, once a year
    D. once a day, once a year
    E. once a year, once a day
    D. once a day, once a year
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. If you are facing the North Star, which direction is directly (90 degrees) to your right?

    A. east
    B. south
    C. north
    D. west
    A. east
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. From anywhere on Earth, your local sky allows you a view of no more than half of outer space around Earth.What is blocking your view from the other half?

    A. the zenith
    B. the horizon
    C. the meridian
    D. the Sun
    E. the Moon
    B. the horizon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. From your current location (KCMO) you observe Star A rising directly in the east. When this star reaches its highest position above the horizon, where will it be?

    A. high in the northern sky
    B. high in the southern sky
    C. high in the western sky
    D. directly overhead
    B. high in the southern sky
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Stars that never appear to set are called circumpolar. As you travel from the Earth’s equator toward the North Pole, the number of stars that are circumpolar

    A. increases
    B. decreases
    C. stays the same
    A. increases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. You are in K.C. looking directly north. You see a star just above the (N) horizon. 15 minutes later this star has changed its position slightly. Which way did it move?

    A. to the right (east)
    B. directly up (rising)
    C. directly down (setting)
    D. to the left (west)
    A. to the right (east)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. In what sense does the Big Dipper move thru the sky relative to Polaris?

    A. clockwise
    B. it does not move
    C. counterclockwise
    C. counterclockwise
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. How long will it take for the Big Dipper to move to directly east of Polaris? (If it is directly West of Polaris)

    A. 12 hours
    B. 9 hours
    C. 6 hours
    A. 12 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. If you are standing on the North Pole, where would you look to see the North Star?

    A. toward the east
    B. toward the zenith
    C. toward the north
    B. toward the zenith
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. How long does it take to complete the full cycle of Moon phases?

    A. about a month
    B. about a year
    C. about a day
    D. about a week
    E. none of the above
    A. about a month
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. During the first quarter phase, how much of the Moon’s entire surface is illuminated by sunlight?

    A. all
    B. none
    C. less than half
    D. half
    D. half
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. If you were on the Moon, the Earth would

    A. show phases opposite to the Moon
    B. show phases the same as the Moon
    C. show no phases.
    A. show phases opposite to the Moon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The phase of the Moon during a total lunar eclipse:

    A. depends on the year.
    B. is first quarter.
    C. is new.
    D. is full.
    D. is full.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. On what part of the Earth do you have to be to see a lunar eclipse?

    A. the day side
    B. the Southern hemisphere
    C. the equator
    D. the night side
    E. the Northern hemisphere
    D. the night side
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The phase of the Moon during a total solar eclipse:

    A. is first quarter.
    B. is full.
    C. depends on the year.
    D. is new.
    D. is new.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Think about the size of the Earth and the Moon shadows. A total solar eclipse is visible for

    A. much less time than a total lunar eclipse.
    B. a longer time than a total lunar eclipse.
    C. about the same time as a total lunar eclipse.
    A. much less time than a total lunar eclipse.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which phase of the Moon rises at 9:00 am?

    A. third quarter
    B. waxing crescent
    C. new Moon
    D. first quarter
    E. waning gibbous
    B. waxing crescent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. If it is waxing crescent now, what phase will the Moon be two weeks after this?

    A. first quarter
    B. new Moon
    C. waxing crescent
    D. third quarter
    E. waning gibbous
    E. waning gibbous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What is the main reason that we do not have an eclipse every new and full Moon phase?

    A. The Moon’s orbit is tilted from the ecliptic plane.
    B. The Earth’s orbit around the Sun is irregular.
    C. The Earth’s orbit is tilted from the ecliptic plane.
    D. The Moon’s orbit is highly elliptical.
    A. The Moon’s orbit is tilted from the ecliptic plane.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. At what time would you look to see a first-quarter Moon at its highest position in the sky?
    6 p.m. or Sunset.
  27. If the Sun set below your western horizon about 2 hours ago, and the Moon is barely visible on the eastern horizon, what phase would the Moon be at this time?
    • Waning Gibbous
    • (stick figure is at 8 p.m. E is pointing at the Waning Gibbous)
  28. A thin sliver of Moon visible just before sunrise. Which phase of the Moon would this be, and in what direction would you look to see this sight?
    • Waning Crescent
    • (stick figure is at 5 a.m., the moon is to the east because it is about to set.)
  29. Which phase of the Moon is highest over head at 6:00am?

    A. first quarter
    B. full
    C. new
    D. gibbous
    E. third quarter
    E. Third Quarter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. If the Moon is highest in the sky today at 6:00am, what phase will the Moon be one week from now?

    A. waning crescent
    B. new
    C. third quarter
    D. waxing gibbous
    E. full moon
    B. New
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which phase of the Moon rises in the east about the same time that the Sun rises in the east?

    A. first quarter
    B. gibbous
    C. full
    D. third quarter
    E. new
    E. New
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. You (in KC) observe the planet Jupiter just above the east horizon at sunset. Six hours later Jupiter will be

    A. high in the south
    B. low in the west
    C. low in the south
    D. below the horizon
    E. near the zenith (overhead)
    A. high in the south
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. A planet is moving in retrograde motion. If you watch it for several nights in a row, how will the planet appear to move relative to a background constellation?

    A. west to east
    B. it will move randomly
    C. east to west
    D. it will not move at all
    A. east to west
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A planet is moving in retrograde (backward) motion. During this period of many days it will...

    A. not rise at all
    B. rise in the east
    C. rise in the west
    D. move randomly
    B. rise in the east
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. A planet is moving in retrograde motion. Over the short time span of one night, how will the planet appear to move across the sky?

    A. rise in east, go high in south, set in west
    B. rise in east, go high in north, set in west
    C. rise in west, go high in south, set in east
    D. rise in west, go high in north, set in east
    • A. rise in east, go high in south, set in west
    • (This is over one night, not weeks)
  36. Why do the stars, planets, Sun & Moon rise and set?
    Earth rotating on its axis.
  37. Why do we see phases of the Moon?
    Phases are dependent on where the moon is relative to the sun.
  38. What causes eclipses of the Sun & the Moon?
    When the Sun, Moon and Earth are completely aligned on the plane.
  39. Which Moon phase can be seen high in sky an hour after sunrise?

    A. full
    B. waxing gibbous
    C. first quarter
    D. third quarter
    E. none: The moon can only be seen above the horizon during the day time.
    D. third quarter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Retrograde motion is caused by...

    A. the orbit of the Sun around the Milky Way Galaxy
    B. the different number of moons orbiting each planet
    C. the different orbital speeds of planets around the Sun
    D. the different tilts of planet orbits around the Sun
    C. the different orbital speeds of planets around the Sun
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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