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What is the normal osmolality?
How many mLs per day are counted as insensible loss?
What is normal CVP?
2 - 6 mmHg
What is the normal PAWP?
What is the normal Cardiac Index?
2.2 - 4.4 L/min/m2
What is the anion gap formula?
What level does it indicate metabolic acidosis?
(K+Na) - (Cl+HCO3)
> 20 mEq/L indicates metabolic acidosis
What is the normal urine specific gravity?
1.010 - 1.025
What is the normal urine pH?
pH 3- 4
What is the maximum level of protein in the urine that can be considered normal?
up to 150 mg/day is considered normal
What is the maximum level of blood cells per field that is still considered normal?
3 blood cells per field
What level of bacteria in the urine is considered significant?
> 100,000 per mL