mnemonics for nursing

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mnemonics for nursing
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2010-03-12 02:05:52
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nursing
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  1. Cranial Nerves Sensory/Motor Both
    • Some(on) O olfactory: smell
    • Say(old) O optic: sight
    • Marry(olympus) O oculomotor: Motor-eye movement contraction of iris/parasympathetic- smooth muscles of eye socket
    • Money(Tiny) T trochlear: eye movement
    • But(tops) T trigeminal: s eye,forehead,face m chewing
    • My(a) A abducens: eye movement
    • Brother(finn)F facial: m cheek muscles,muscles of expression s taste anterior 2/3 of tongue
    • Says(and) A acoutstic: balance hearing
    • Big(German) G glossopharyngeal: s pharynx posterior tongue m swallowing
    • Boobs(viewed) V vagus nerve: s viscera chest and m larynx para ht,lungs
    • Make(some) S spinal: movement of neck muscles
    • Money(hops) H Hypoglossal: movement of tongue
  2. S/S of MI (myocardial infarction)
    • D- dyspnea
    • A-anxiety
    • N- nausea/vomiting
    • C-crushing substernal chestpain
    • E- elevated Temperature

    • P-pallor
    • A-arrythmias
    • D-diaphoresis
  3. INR
    • I like Nursery Rhymes
    • 2-3 year olds like nursery rhymes
  4. Grave's disease test
    pal toughen up you have graves disease PTU
  5. blood components
    • P- plasma
    • L- leukocytes
    • A- AB antigens
    • T- thrombocytes
    • E- erythrocytes
  6. How to deal with depresseive pt
    • C- consult with the staff
    • O- observe the suicidal pt
    • M- maintain personal contact
    • P- provide a safe environment
    • A- assess for clues to suicide
    • R- remove dangerous objects
    • E- encourages expression of feelings
  7. how to assess a postpartum pt
    • B- breast
    • U- uterus
    • B- bowels
    • B- bonding
    • L- lochia
    • E- episiotomy
  8. Glaucoma
    • C-close angle glaucoma
    • H- halo vision
    • O- open angle glaucoma
    • P- peripheral vision loss/ tunnel vision
  9. UTI look for
    • F- frequent urge to void
    • U- urine that is foul smelling and cloudy
    • L- low grade fever
    • L- lethargy
  10. cyanotic heart defect look for
    • C-cyanosis especially increasing in crying
    • C- crabbiness or irritability
    • C- clubbing of digits
    • C- crouching or squating, which increase systemic venous return, shunt blood from extremities to the head and trunkand decrease cyanosis
  11. assessment for hypocalcemia
    • C- convulsion
    • A- arythmias
    • T-tetany
    • S- spasm and stridor
  12. Hypernatremia
    • S- skin flushed (fever)
    • A-agitation
    • L- low grade fever
    • T- thirst
    • also
    • F- fever flushed skin
    • R- restless irritable
    • I- increased fluid retention, increased BP
    • E- edema
    • D- deacreased urinary output
  13. Hyponatremia
    • S- stupor/coma
    • A- anorexia, irritable
    • L- lethargy
    • T- tendon reflex decreased
    • also
    • L- limp muscle (weakness)
    • O- orthostatic hypotension
    • S-seizure/ headache
    • S- stomach cramping
  14. Hyperkalemia
    • M- medication (ace inhibitors, NSAIDS)
    • A- acidosis (medibolic respiratory)
    • C- cellular destruction (burns,traumantic injury)
    • H-hypoaldosteron, hemolysis
    • I- intake excessive
    • N- nephrons, renal failure
    • E- excretion impaired
  15. Magnesium sulfate song
    • decreased BP
    • decreased peepee
    • these are toxic signs of mag sulfate
    • patellar reflex there aint
    • give antidote calcium gluconate!
  16. Antidotes heparin warfarin
    • in Heaven, there is Peace ( heparin- protamine sulfate)
    • in War, there is Killing ( warfarin - vit K)
  17. S/s of child with cancer
    • C- continured unexplained wt loss
    • H- headaches, often with vomiting at night or early morning
    • I- increase swelling persistent pain in bones joints back and legs
    • L- lump or mass (abd, neck chest, pelvic, armpit)
    • D- dev of excessive bruising bleeding or rash

    • C- constant infxn
    • A- a whtish color behind the pupil
    • N-nausea with persist or vomiting w/o nausea
    • C- constant riredness or noticeable palenes
    • E- eye or vision changes
    • R- recurrent fever of unknown origin
  18. dehyration
    • D- dry skin & mucous membrane
    • E- eyeball/fontannel sunken
    • H- hypotension
    • Y- you feel coolness/ mottling of extremities
    • R- response to stimuli/ LOC changes
    • A- absence of tears
    • T- tachycardia
    • I- increase urine specific gravity
    • O- oliguria
    • N- no/ loss skin turgor and elasticity
  19. cholecystitis/cholelithiasis
    F- female , forty, fat, fried foods
  20. Antiarrhythmias drugs
    • Class IA
    • Procainamide- professor
    • Quindine - quackers
    • Disopyramide- dissed/ dismiss
    • Class IB
    • Lidocaine- lydia's
    • Phenytoin - Penny
    • Mexiletine - mexican
    • Tocainide- tacos
    • Class IC
    • Flecainide - feeling
    • Propafenone- profaned
    • Class II
    • Propanolol - proper
    • Beta blockers - bertha butt
    • Class III
    • Amiodarone - amiable
    • Bretylium - british
    • Solatol - socialite
    • Class IV
    • Verapamil- virtually
    • Diltiazem- dismembered 'im
  21. Postpartum complication
    • M- mastitis
    • S- subinvolution

    • P- pulmonary embolism
    • I- infection
    • T- thrombophlebitits
    • C- cystitis
    • H- hematoma
  22. assessment for mastitis
    • S- swelling
    • P- pain
    • E- elevated temperature
    • C- complain of flu like symptoms
    • I- infxn
    • A- and
    • L- localized heat
  23. cardio selective drugs
    A- acebutolol

    • B- betaxolol
    • E- esmolol
    • A- atenolol
    • M- metroprolol

    beta receptor activity

    1-heart 2 lungs

    • beta 1- primarily on heart
    • beta 2- airway receptors
  24. Spinal meds
    Little Boys Prefer toys

    Lidocaine, Bupivivaine, Procaine, Tetracaine
  25. Hypertension recommendations for
    • H- health education
    • Y- your diet and excercise (low caloric & low fat)
    • P- pressure monitoring
    • E- exercise
    • R- rest and relaxation
    • T- take medication
    • E- eliminate salt
    • N- no smoking
    • S- stress reducing technique
    • I- inhibit coffee & stimulants
    • O - observe for complications
    • N- never forget to take medication
  26. Nursing focus pneumonia
    • P- position for comfort
    • N- nutritional support
    • E- ensure proper sputum disposal
    • U- use isolation technique
    • M- many culutres
    • O- omit going to public places
    • N- no smoking
    • I- inverse oral fluids
    • A- antibiotics
  27. Case management for myasthenia gravis
    • G- go check muscle strength
    • R- respiratory monitoring
    • A- antichoinesterase drugs
    • V- ventilatory support
    • I- instruct to avoid sress
    • S- see for crisis
    • A.) myasthenic crisis
    • B.) cholinergic crisis
    • C.) brittle crisis
  28. Nursing considerations for renal failure
    • K- keeping fluid balance
    • I- inspecting the skin for pruritus
    • D- dietary instructions
    • N- no to acidosis
    • E- electrolyte imbalance maintainance
    • Y- your blood counts
  29. acute pancreatitis causes
    • G- gallstone
    • E- ethanol
    • T- trauma

    • S- steroid
    • M- mumps
    • A-autoimmune
    • S-scorpion sting
    • H- hyperlipidemia/hypercalcemia
    • E- ercp
    • D- drugs ( azathioprine, diuretics)
  30. Bilirubin causes for increased levels
    • H- hemolysis
    • O-obstruction
    • T- tumor
    • Liver disease
  31. Pylori tx regimen
    • T- tetracycline
    • O- omeprazole
    • M- metronidazole
    • B- bismuth
  32. symptoms of hyperthyroidism
    • S- sweating
    • T- tremors/tachycardia
    • I- intolerance to hear
    • N- nervousness
    • G- goiter and gastrointestinal ( loose stool/ diarrhea)
  33. 5 T's for early cyanosis
    • tetralogy
    • transposition
    • truncus
    • total anomalous
    • triscuspid atesia
  34. side effects of steroids
    • Sick- easier tog get sick
    • Sad- causes depression
    • Sex- increases libido
    • Salt- retains more and causes weight gain
    • Sugar- raises blood sugar
  35. Immediate tx for MI
    • M- morphine sulfate
    • O- oxygen
    • N- nitroglycerin
    • A- ASA
  36. Tx for CHF
    • U- sit upright
    • N- nitro
    • L-lasix
    • O- oxygen
    • A- aminophylline
    • D- digoxin

    • F- fluids - decrease
    • A- afterload- decrease
    • S- sodium decrease
    • T- tests dig level, ABG K+
  37. Assistive devices how to use cane
    • C- cane
    • O- opposite
    • A- affected
    • L- leg
  38. Signs of cholingeric crisis
    • S- salvation
    • L- lacrimation
    • U- urination
    • D- defecation
  39. Fetal accerelerations and decelerations
    • V- variable C- cord compression
    • E- early H- head compression
    • A- acceralations O- ok
    • L- late P- placental insufficiency

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