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is sending and recieving of information, ideas, feelings, or messages
is a system of abstract symbols and rule- goverened sturctures, the specific conventions of which are learned
^oral expression of language
^speech can exist in the absences of language, and language exists in the absences of speech
an imitation of words phrases, or even whole sentences in the absence of an understanding of what they are saying
Features of the human communication system
- 1.vocal auditory channel
- 2.broadcast transmission and directional reception
- 3. Rapid fading
- 4. interchange ability
- 5. total feedback
- 6. Specialization
- 7. semanticity
- 8. indexicality
- 9. Arbitrariness
- 10. Discreteness
- 11. Displacement
- 12. Productivity
- 13. Duality of Patterning
vocal auditory channel
human communicate by forcing air through the vocal folds of the larynx and breaking the vibrating air stream into sounds of speech, which are organized into words and sentences.
broadcast transmission and directional reception
a sender and a reciever
means that speech signals are transitory
can say anything that is said by any other human being
have the capacity to monitor what they say and how they say it.
speech is specifically designed for communication and serves no other purpose
specificity of messages
refers to the ability of a communicator to use situational context, as well as past experiences, in the production, reception, and interpretation of messages.
there isn othing inherent in a spoken word to account for its meaning
has very specific characteristics so that sound is discrete.
talk about things that are distant in time or space
- creative in their communication efforts
- no matter the message is, however if we obey the rules of our language , the message will be understood by anyone who shares the language
Duality of Patterning
restricted in the # of sounds these sounds can be used to produce an infinite amount of words and the words can be combined into an infinite about of sentences.
speech is instinctive in humans
Additional 4 possible features
acquired knowledge to create language, imagine what other maybe thinking
intentianlly decieve others
to use language to talk about language
to take information from enviornment
Hockett's speech chain
- think about it
- through nervous system
- the comes out
- then taken in by the ear ( reciever)
- lastly the listener's brain
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