bio test 1
Card Set Information
bio test 1
polymers made of monomers called monosaccharides ("one sugar").
Oligosaccharides "few sugar"
Polysaccharides "many sugars"
two most common monosaccharides?
Glucose and Fructose.
Polysaccharides are formed when monosaccharides are linked together via.
the simplest polysaccharides consist of two sugars and are called?
a Hydroxyl group of a sugar is?
Most common disaccharide?
Made from two monomers (1 glucose and 1 fructose)
found only in plants
used for stored energy
consist entirely of a-glucose monomers
found only in animals
used for stored energy (in liver and muscles)
consists entirely of a-glucose monomers
found only in plants.
major component of the cell wall.
consist entirely of beta-glucose monomers linked in parallel strands.
found in the cell walls of fungi and the external skeleton of insects.
consist entirely of N-acetylglucosamine (Nac) monomers in parallel strands
found only in bacteria
major component in the cell wall
consists of two different monosaccharides
what do carbohydrates do?
provide cell identity
store chemical energy
carbohydrate Building blocks?
they are the building blocks for other molecules like DNA and RNA.
corbohydrates providing structure?
give strength and elasticity
like cellulose in plant cell walls
like chitin in a insects exoskeleton
like peptidoglycan in bacterial cell walls
carbohydrates provide cell identity?
Glycoproteins (a protein + a oligosaccharide) project outward from the cell to produce cell to cell recognition and signaling.
Carbohydrates store and provide chemical energy?
the energy of photosynthesis is stored in the form of potential energy of the position of the shared electrons.