west ch1

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  1. Homo Sapiens
    our own species which dates back roughly 200,000 years
  2. Culture
    Way of life inveted by a group and passed on by teaching
  3. Paleolithic
    Greek for "old stone" the ealiest period in cultural development that began with the first use of stone tools about a million years ago and continued until about 10,000 BCE
  4. Neolithic age
    "New Stone" age, dating back 10,000 years to when people living in some parts of the middle east made advances in the production of stone tools and shifted from hunting and gathering to agriculture
  5. Civilization
    Stage in the evolution of organized society that has among its characteristics urbanism, long distance trade, writing systems, and accelerated technological and social development
  6. Bronze Age
    3100-1200 BCE Begand with the increasing importance of metal that also ended the Stone Ages
  7. Cuneiform
    Developed by the sumerians as the very first writing system ever used, it used several thousand characters some of which stood for words and some for sounds
  8. Upper Egypt
    Narrow valley extending 650miles from aswan to the border of lower egypt
  9. Lowere Egypt
    The Niles 100- mile deep, triangularly shaped delta
  10. pharaoh
    The god king of ancient egypt
  11. nomes
    egyptian districs ruled by regional governors who were called nomarchs
  12. hieroglyphics
    "sacred carvings" greek name for egyptian writing. The writing was often used to engrave holy texts on monuments
  13. Ahura Mazda
    the chief deity of zoroastrianism. the native religion of Persia. Ahura Mazda is the creator of the world, the source of light and the emodiment of good
  14. Aramaic
    Semitic language spoken widely throughout the Middle East in antiquity
  15. Phoenicians
    Seafaring people (Canaanites and Syrians) who scatered trading colonies from one end of the Mediterrranean to the other
  16. Ten lost tribes
    Israelites who were scattered and lost to history when the northern kingdom of israel fell to the assyrians in 722 BCE
  17. Monotheism
    Having faith in a single god
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west ch1
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