Anatomy

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Author:
Cuyler
ID:
101482
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2011-09-14 16:09:28
Tags:
Anatomy Physiology
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Description:
Quiz #1
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  1. Anatomical position consists of?
    • Body erect
    • Face pointed forward
    • Upper limbs at sides with palms facing forward
    • Lower Limbs are parallel to each other
    • Feet pointed forward
  2. Divides the body into equal right
    and left halves.
    Median Plane
  3. Any plane that lies parallel
    to the median plane and divides the body into unequal right and left halves.
    Sagittal Plane
  4. A vertical plane dividing
    the body into an anterior (front) and posterior (back) section.
    Frontal (coronal)
  5. Divides the body into a
    superior and inferior section.
    • Horizontal
    • (transverse, transaxial, cross-section)
  6. Orbital Cavity.
    Eye
  7. Synovial Cavity?
    In a joint between neck vertabrae

    Around the cavity is the Fibrous capsule.
  8. Body cavities that contain organs have?
    Serous membranes
  9. Parietal Serous
    Lines the cavity
  10. Visceral Serous
    Covers the organ
  11. Anterior
    Front of the body
  12. Posterior
    Back of the body
  13. Superficial
    Refering to structures superior or above

    • Ex: Skin is superficial to skeletal muscle.
    • Ex: Scalp is superficial to the skull.
  14. Used when referring to
    structures beneath other structure(s)
    Deep

    • Ex: Skeletal muscles are deep to the skin
    • Ex: Skull is deep to the Scalp
  15. Used to describe the surfaces of the hand and foot
    Dorsum

    Ex: back of hand (posterior)
  16. Anterior surface of the hand?
    Palmar

    Ex: Anterior of hand (anatomical position)
  17. Sole of the foot?
    Plantar
  18. Refers to both the right and left sides
    Bilateral
  19. Occurring only on one side of the body
    Unilateral
  20. Found on the same side of the body
    Ipsilateral
  21. Structures occurring on opposite sides of the body
    Contralateral
  22. A _____ is where two bones meet, and a muscle or tendon crosses that _____.
    Joint
  23. Decreases the angle between two bones
    Flexion
  24. Increases the angle between two bones
    Extension
  25. Decreases the angle between the foot and leg
    Dorsiflexion
  26. Standing on your toes
    Plantarflexion
  27. Moving away from the median plane
    Abduction
  28. Moving back toward the median plane
    Adduction
  29. Palm of the hand faces posterior
    Pronation
  30. Palm of hand faces anterior as in anatomical position
    Supination
  31. Elevation of the lateral edge of the foot
    Eversion
  32. Elevation of the medial edge of the foot
    Inversion
  33. Describing a 360-degree movement – ball and socket joints
    Circumduction
  34. Turning the anterior surface of the limb toward the midline of the body
    Medial rotation
  35. Turning the anterior surface of the limb away from the midline of the body
    Lateral rotation
  36. Moves a part of the body superiorly
    Elevation
  37. Moves a part of the body inferiorly
    Depression
  38. The touching of the thumb to
    the terminal pads of the fingers.
    Allows us to grasp objects and hold them securely
    Opposition

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