The Typical Cell

Card Set Information

Author:
trsmartblonde
ID:
101488
Filename:
The Typical Cell
Updated:
2011-09-13 16:18:29
Tags:
cell organelles body anatomy
Folders:

Description:
Anatomy cell parts
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user trsmartblonde on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Plasma (cell) membrane
    forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal contents of the cell from the external environment
  2. Cytoplasm
    • general term for all cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
    • 3 components: cytosol (viscous fluid), inclusions (nonfunctional, temporary structures that store cellular products), and organelles (tiny structures that perform specific cellular functions)
  3. Ribosomes
    • synthesize proteins for:
    • 1. use in the cell (free ribosomes)
    • 2. secretion, incorporation in to plasma membrane, or lysosomes (fixed ribosomes)
  4. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • synthesized lipids
    • metabolizes carbs
    • detoxifies drugs, alcohol
  5. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • synthesizes proteins for secretion, new proteins for the plasma membrane, and lysosomal enzymes
    • transports and stores molecules
  6. Golgi apparatus
    • modifies, packages, and sorts newly synthesized proteins for secretion, inclusion in new plasma membrane, or lysosomal enzymes
    • transports and stores molecules
  7. Lysosomes
    • digest materials or microbes ingested by the cell
    • remove old/damaged organelles
    • self-destruct (autolyze)
  8. Peroxisomes
    convert hydrogen peroxide formed during metabolism to water
  9. Mitochondria
    • synthesize most ATP during cellular respiration
    • "powerhouses of cell"
  10. Nucleus
    • acts as cell control center
    • controls all genetic info (DNA)
    • site of ribosome subunit assembly

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview