Infectious Diseases Terms

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lacythecoolest
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101531
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Infectious Diseases Terms
Updated:
2011-09-13 20:43:43
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Therapeutics III
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  1. Virus
    a small microorganism, which needs a living cell to grow or reproduce
  2. Aerobe
    an organism that requires oxygen for life and reproduction
  3. Anaerobe
    an organism that does not require oxygen for life and reproduction Antimicrobial
  4. Antibacterial (antibiotics)
    medications used to stop or slow the growth of bacteria in the body
  5. Bactericidal antibiotic
    kill bacteria
  6. Bacteriostatic antibiotic
    stop the growth of bacteria
  7. Antifungal
    medications used to stop or slow the growth of fungus
  8. Antihelmintics
    medications used to stop or slow the growth of worms
  9. Antiviral
    medications used to stop or slow the growth of viruses
  10. Autoimmune diseases
    disorders characterized by inflammation and destruction of the body’s tissues caused by the body’s own immune system
  11. Bacteria
    single-celled microorganisms that do not have a defined nucleus and are found virtually everywhere
  12. Pathogenic bacteria
    bacteria that cause disease
  13. Nonpathogenic bacteria
    bacteria that do not cause disease
  14. CD4+ count
    the count of a certain type of white blood cells; used to assess the magnitude of injury to immune system (for instance
  15. Dermatophytes
    fungi that cause infection of hair
  16. Disease
    a condition of the body in which there is abnormal functioning resulting from the effects of hereditary
  17. Endemic
    a disease constantly present in a population
  18. Epidemic
    a greater than normal number of cases of a disease in an area within a particular period (occurring in outbreaks)
  19. Etiology
    the study of the causes and origins of disease
  20. Fomite
    an inanimate object on which pathogens may be transmitted
  21. Fungi
    plant-like microorganisms that lack chlorophyll and need to live off of a food source that is either dead or alive
  22. Immune-competent
    having an immune system that possesses the ability to mount a normal immune response
  23. Immune-compromised
    having an immune system that is weakened by disease, such as HIV, or as a result of a treatment, such as with chemotherapy medications given to treat patients with cancer. The risk of susceptibility to infections is increased.
  24. Immune-deficient
    a condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism; may be primary, due to a defect in the immune mechanism itself, or secondary, dependent upon another disease process
  25. Immunosuppression
    suppression of the immune response, as by drugs or radiation, in order to prevent rejection of a graft or transplant or to control autoimmune disease. It is also known as immunodepression.
  26. Infection
    contamination of any body tissue and organ by an invading organism or foreign substance, such as a microorganism
  27. Microbiology
    the study of very small or microscopic organisms of either animal(bacterial, protozoa) or plant (fungus, molds) origin. The smallest are viruses and the largest are protozoa.
  28. Bacteriology
    the study of bacteria
  29. Mycology
    the study of fungi, to include molds, mushrooms, and yeasts
  30. Parasitology
    the study of parasites
  31. Protozoology
    the study of protozoa
  32. Virology
    the study of viruses
  33. Micrometer (mcm)
    a unit of length, equal to one-millionth of a meter; previously known as a micron (10-6 meter)
  34. Morphology
    the study of the form and structure of an organism
  35. Mucocutaneous
    affecting skin and mucous membranes
  36. Mycosis
    a general term pertaining to any fungal infection. It may be superficial or systemic. The most common mycosis affects the hair, skin, nails, and vagina
  37. Microbiology
    the study of very small or microscopic organisms of either animal (bacterial, protozoa) or plant (fungus, molds) origin. The smallest are viruses and the largest are protozoa.
  38. Mycology
    the study of fungi, to include molds, mushrooms, and yeasts
  39. Parasitology
    the study of parasites
  40. Protozoology
    the study of protozoa
  41. Virology
    the study of viruses
  42. Neutropenia
    an abnormally low white blood cell count, sometimes as a result of chemotherapy or illness, which hampers the body in fighting infections Nonpathogenic
  43. Normal flora
    microorganisms that constantly and consistently inhabit the human body. Some of these organisms are known to perform tasks that are useful for the human host, while the majority have no known beneficial or harmful effect. Pandemic
  44. Parasite
    organism that lives within or upon another form of life and depends on that form of life for nourishment and in some cases survival
  45. Pathogen
    organism or bacteria capable of causing disease
  46. Spore
    a reproductive element of a plant or microorganism, usually in a resting state and encased in a hard, resistant protein coat
  47. Systemic
    affecting the body as a whole. Systemic infections are generally life-threatening.
  48. Toxin
    a poisonous substance
  49. Vector
    an insect or other organism that transmits parasitic micro-organisms from person-to-person
  50. Virus
    a small microorganism, which needs a living cell to grow or reproduce

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