Psychology

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c.gaul20
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101553
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Psychology
Updated:
2011-09-13 21:44:26
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chapter schools psychology
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  1. -introspection, or analysis of the contents of
    consciousness
    -analysis of immediate experiences (sensation, images, feelings)
    -experience through the senses
    -elements of the mind
    -Wundt
    -Titchener
    structualism (wundtian psychology)
  2. -objective, observation, plus some use of introspection
    -purpose of behavior and consciousness
    -looked at cause and consequence of practical behaviors
    -study of the organism as a whole working in its environment
    -Dewey
    -James
    -Cattell
    -Darwin
    functionalism
  3. -objective observation and the conditioned-reflex method
    -the verbal report method
    -laws of learning
    -Watson
    -Skinner
    (can be measured)
    behaviorism
  4. -study of conscious experience
    -study of phenomena as perceived by the subject
    -perceptual and learning phenomena
    *stresses wholeness and meaningfulness of behavior
    -laws of perception
    -Kohler
    -Koffa
    -Lewin
    -Wertheimer
    (the whole is greater than the sum of its parts)
    Gestalt Psychology
  5. -free association
    -dream analysis
    -projective test
    -role of emotion and motivation--unconscious determing behavior
    -the depths of unconscious
    -Freud
    Psychoanalysis
  6. -interviews, literary writings & other cretive productions
    -subjective expereince ≠ behavior
    -humaness--the qualities that distinguish humans from lower animals
    -Rogers
    -Maslow
    Humanistic & existential Psychology

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