Total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
- uterus and cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are removed abdominally.
What is a radical hysterectomy?
All of the uterus is removed abdominally. The lymph nodes, the upper third of the vagina, and the surrounding tissues (parametrium) are removed.
What is Bartholin's Gland?
Disorder of the vulva
What is the cause of Bartholin Gland (Bartholin Cyst)?
-Results from obstruction of the duct of the gland. The secretory function of the gland continues and the fluid fills the obstructed duct.
-Main causes of the obstruction are infection, thickened mucis near the ductal opening, or trauma such as lacerations or episiotomy.
-If Asymptomatic- no intervention. Cyst will usually rupture spontaneously withing 72 hours.
Symptoms of Bartholin's Gland (cyst)?
Dyspareunia, inadequate enital lubrication, swelling in the perineal area (posterior portion of the vulva)
Treatment for Barthlin's Gland (Cyst)?
Depending on cause of cyst: antibiotics, warm compress, simple incision and drainage, Marsupialiation (formation of a new pouch that is a new duct opening), biopsy in women over 40, removal if cancerous.
When the bladder bulges throught the vaginal wall
What are symptoms of Cystocele?
Stress incontinence, difficulty emptying bladder and UTIs