exam1 1

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leland
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101582
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exam1 1
Updated:
2011-09-14 00:17:55
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adolescent psych
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Erikson
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  1. freuds 5 stages , developemental theory
    • Oral stage (birth to 1 year)
    • ›Anal stage (1 to 3 years)
    • ›Phallic stage (3 to 6 years)
    • ›Latency stage (6 to 11 years)
    • ›Genital stage (11 years on)
  2. freud defense mechanisms
    • ›Repression
    • ›Projection
    • ›Reaction formation
    • ›Displacement
    • Denial
    • ›Rationalization
  3. stuck in one stage?
    Fixation
  4. analytical theory
    • ›Emphasizes
    • unconscious motives and conflicts.
    • ›Belief
    • in the importance of early childhood.
    • ›Belief
    • that development occurs in fixed stages.
    • ›Focus
    • on fantasies and symbolic meanings of events.
    • Reliance
    • on subjective rather than objective methods.
  5. structure of personality
    • Id Pleasure principle Primary process thinking
    • UnconsciousWell below surface of awareness; difficult to retrieve
    • Ego Reality principle Secondary process thinking
    • Superego Moral imperatives Ideals
  6. theory of Cognitive development
    • ›Cognitive
    • development consists of mental adaptations to new observations and experiences.
    • Adaptation
    • takes two forms:

    • ›Assimilation: Absorbing new information into existing cognitive
    • structures.
    • Accommodation: Modifying existing cognitive structures in response to
    • experience and new information
  7. Stages of Development
    • ›Sensorimotor (0-2): object permanence
    • Preoperational (2-7): accelerated use of symbols and language
    • (autobiographical memory of the events in their lives)
    • Concrete Operational (7-11): understanding of conservation, identity and
    • serial ordering
    • ›Formal Operational (12+): abstract reasoning, ability to compare and
    • classify
  8. Psychosocial Theory
    • ›Focuses on the individual’s developing relationships with others in social world
    • ›Eight stages - development continues over life span
    • Crisis at each stage of development
  9. ›Eight stages
    • Trust vs. Mistrust
    • Autonomy vs. Shame/doubt
    • Initiative vs. Guilt
    • Identity vs. Role confusion
    • Intimacy vs. Isolation
    • Generativity vs. Stagnation
    • Integrity vs. Despair

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