2-Professional psychology practice in an applied Science
3-S-P model is application of scietifically driven aproaches to practice of psychology
Formal definition: An application of scientifically driven approaches to the practice of psychology that encourages practitioners to view & treat clients from a hypotesis testing perspective with evidence based interventions. (also known as the baltamore)
Why is the S-P model important?
1-To improve psychological treatments
2-To demonstrate accountability for change
3-To enhance clinical science
Basis for explaining effectivness with cliencts, feeds back into research as evidence from practice in incoporated into future studies/treatments.
Differnce between efficacy and effiectivness in psych
Efficacy-treatment in a controlled setting
Effectivness-treatment in a real world setting.
Limitations of S-P model
1-Lack of funding
2-Lack of agency support
3-Research not in the job discription
4-Questions whether clinical work & research are compatible (client first).
5-Beleif that he approach is unethical
History of the S-P model and paradigm it fits best with?
1950s S-P model has its roots in Bhv therapies.
1-Operant Conditioning explains how some MI deveop and are maintained (reinforcers/punishment).
2-Respondent conditioning Classical conditioning, how a stimulus is associated with a response (phobia?)