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2011-09-14 13:56:27

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  1. aguste comte
    . sociology needed to be treated like a science

    . laid the groundwork for future sociologist
  2. harriet martinue
    . social activist who traveled the united states and wrote about social changes

    . translated Comte's work into english
  3. herbert spencer
    . first great english speaking sociologist

    . believed in evolution/ "survival of the fitest

    . societies evolve through time by adapting to their environment
  4. emile durkheim
    . worked to establish as an important academic discipline

    . interested in the social factors that bond and hold people together

    . studied the correlation between social isolation and suicide
  5. karl marx
    . german philosopher and social activist

    . contributed to conflict theory

    . capitalism was creating social inequality which leads to social conflict
  6. max weber
    . rationalization-applying economic logic to humanity

    . disenchantment-dehumanizing features of modern societies
  7. sigmund freud
    . associated with psychoanylsis

    . developed the idea of the subconscious and the unconcious mind
  8. structural fucntionalism
    . society is viewed as an ordered system of interrelated parts, or structures

    . each structure meets the needs of society by performing specific functions for society
  9. conflict theory
    . sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change
  10. symbolic interactionism
    . meaning are not inherent but are created through interaction
  11. postmodernist theory
    . social reality is diverse, pluralistic, and constantly chaniging
  12. quantitative research
    translates the world into numbers which can be studied mathematically
  13. qualitive research
    uses non-murecial data like texts, interviews, photos and recordings to help understand social life
  14. scientific method
    . procedure for aquiring knowledge that emphasizes collecting data through observation and expirement
  15. value-free sociology
    researchers should identify facts without allowing their own personal beliefs to interfere
  16. steps to scientific method
    1. identify the problem
  17. 2nd step
    2. conduct literature review
  18. 3rd step
    3. form a hypothesis
  19. 4th step
    4. choose research method
  20. 5th step
    5. collect data
  21. 6th step
    6. analyze data
  22. 7th step
    7. disseminate findings
  23. what can research lead to?
    change in the way we think about some aspect of life
  24. ethnography
    . studying people in their own environments

    . researcher observes a setting
  25. participant observation
    researcher observes and becomes a member in a social setting
  26. interviews
    indentify the target population, then select a sample of people to be interviewd from that population
  27. existing sources
    data that has already been collected by earlier researchers and is aavailable for future reserach