Quiz 3

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Quiz 3
2011-09-19 16:35:08

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  1. which group gained power and took over the Western Roman Empire?
  2. Who was the Frankish leader that united the Franks into one kingdom?
  3. What religion did Clovis convert to?
  4. What did the Franks do upon taking over Western Rome? This was significant.
    They embraced the Classical Tradition.
  5. What did clovis do once he united the Frankish Kingdom?
    He united it using warefare.
  6. What was one thing that King Clovis achieved during his reign?
    He expanded the Frankish Boarders.
  7. Who succeeded Clovis?
    Charles the Great A.K.A. Charlemagne
  8. Charlemagne was considered to be a great King true or false?
  9. What was Charlemagne considered a great King?
    He devided hsi kingdom into 100 eventually 300 sections known as "counties".
  10. What was the official title of the individuals in charge of these sections?
  11. Missi Dominici
    A small Royal envoy used by Charlemagne to collect information on persons or counts who would conspire against him.
  12. What was the composition of the Missi Dominici
    Bishop or Clergy men
  13. What is Christiandom?
    A European Christian civilization comprised of Germanic, Christians and Romans.
  14. What did each of the components bring to the Christendom?
    • Germanics brought Customs and Traditions.
    • Christians brought faith.
    • Romans brought Roman practices regarding administration and laws.
  15. What event marked the beginning of Christendom?
    On Christmas Day Charlemagne had a crowned placed on his head by the Pope declaring him "Emperor of Romans".
  16. What additional duties did Charlemagne take on once being declared "Emporer of the Romans"?
    Protecting the Christian Faith
  17. How did the beginning of Christendom effect the Pope's power?
    He had "faith" and the "sword" or an Army.
  18. Who succeeded Charlemagne?
    Loni the Pias
  19. What happened after Loni the Pias's death?
    The Frankish Empire was separated amongst his three sons who were weak rulers.
  20. What eventually happens to the Frankish Empire?
    It crumbles leaving the 300 sections to be ruled by the counts.
  21. Fuedalism?
    A indepent demacracy with no centralized Government. The legal system that took place after the collapse of the Frankish Kingdom.
  22. During the period of Fuedalism, what happened the sections orginally established by Charlemagne?
    The Areas were called Manors. Person that ruled this area was called the Manorial Lord.
  23. What were the two classes of people during Fuedalism?
    Upper and Lower class, there was no middle class during this time.
  24. What happened to warefare during the period of Fuedalism.
    Manorial Lords who have a gentleman known as a knight pledge his allegience to him and fight for his kingdom or manor. During this period warefare was considered only fit for the upperclass or gentlemen.
  25. What is a Vassel?
    A vassal was someone who pledge their allegience to the Manorial Lord of a Manor. This was normally Bishops and Knights.
  26. What is a Fief?
    A piece of land given to the Vassels of the Manorial Lord. Every structure and person on this "fief" belonged to that vassel.
  27. What is a serf?
    A person similar to a slave known that made up the lower class during the period of Feudalism. They lived hand to mouth and could not be moved off their land.
  28. Following Fuedalism who remained Centralized and who remained De-Centralized?
    France and England recovered from Fuedalism and Germany and Italy continued with Fuedalism.
  29. Who was theoretically in charge of Italy and Germany following Feudalism?
    Otto The Great.
  30. What was the office that Otto The Great established known as?
    Holy Roman Emporer
  31. What kind of power did Otto The Great really have?
    relatively zero power.
  32. What was the most powerful entity or person during the High Middle Ages?
    The catholic church and or Pope. It was during the High Middle Ages that the Catholic Church would reach its "Zenith of Power".
  33. What problems arised between the Pope and the Manorial Lords during the High Middle Ages?
    Lay investiture. Basically who had the authority to make a clergy or a bishop. Ultimately a deal was struck between the Pope and the Manorial Lords. The Pope gave the Bishop a Ring and Staff and the Manorial Lord gave the Bishop a Sceptor making him upper class.
  34. What was created during the High Middle Ages to decide who the next Pope would be?
    Coucil of Cardinals. Survives still today.
  35. Who was the Pope during the height of Catholic Church's power?
    Pope Innocent III
  36. What was famous quote by Pope Innocent III?
    "The Pope judges all and is judged by none"
  37. What are some of the things that Pope Innocent III brought to the Catholic church or established?
    Confessions, Commanded all leaders to punish crimes against God, started practices of burning at the stake, instituted church doctrine known as "Transubstantiation" or the 7 Holy Sacriments.
  38. What does Transubstantiation stand for?
    If a person is right with God and the clergy conducted the communion is ordained. The bread the believeer consumes becomes the body of Christ and the wine the believer consumes becomes the blood of Christ.
  39. Encharist?
    Means Cummunion in which the clergy prepares.
  40. Crusades?
    Series of relgious conflicts where church dispatched Armies to take back lands belonging to the Church from Muslims.
  41. How many major Crusades were there?
  42. What was the first Crusade?
    Jerusalem. It was a great success; however, the Church did not leave enough people in the city to maintained control and eventually Muslims took it back over.
  43. What were the reasons young men joined the Crusades?
    • To get to Heaven (good in God's eyes)
    • Do it for religion
    • Pilgramidge to Jerusalem
    • Adventure
  44. What were the good things that happend as a result of the Crusades?
    • Spike in trade between and East and West.
    • Renewed intrest in ancient Egypt and historic greatness of the area.
  45. What happened during the next 6 Crusades?
    They were failures. The leadership fought amongst eachother. Everyone wanted to be in charge.