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types of tourniquets?
latex, nitrile, velcro, penrose tubing, BP cuff
what is an antispetic?
bateriostatic. used on living skin. moves bacteria. ex: PVP iodine/Betadine, isoprophl alcohol, chlorhexidine gluconate, benzalkonium chloride.
what is a disinfectant?
bacteriocidal. used to clean inanimate objects; kills bacteria. ex: chlorox, sani-wipes, routine household cleaners (windex, etc.)
point, bevel, shaft (gauge of lumen vs. length), hub
how do you measure a needle?
gauge x inches
ex: 22g x 1"
*remember: the smaller the gauge number, the bigger the lumen.
- used for single-sample needles
- - transfer device
what does whole blood consist of?
formed elements (WBCs, RBCs, platelets), plasma, hormones, chemical components
what is serum?
the liquid/fluid portion of blood after centrifusing; does not contain clotting proteins.
what is plasma?
the fluid portion of blood before clotting; contains clotting proteins.
what are the main tube additives?
anticoagulants, clot activators (coagulants), thixotrophic gel (seperator in tubes)
ORDER OF DRAW?
- -blood cultures
- -sterile red
- -Na Citrate
- -Thrombin red
- -Na Heparin/Lithium Heparin
- -Potassium Oxalate
- -any others
needle disposal containers?
- must be:
- - closable/sealable
- - puncture resistant
- - leak proof
- - labled correctly
official approval of a program from a professional organization
verification that an individual has demonstrated proficiency in a particular area of practice
continuing education units(CEU's):
credits for participation in a continuing education program
consent to a procedure with full understanding of the risks and the right to refuse to undergo the procedure
the practice of drawing blood
established requirements used in an accredited program
American Certification Agency for Healthcare Professionals
American Medical Technologies
American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science
American Society of Phlebotomy Technincians
continuing education units
certified phlebotomy technician
Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
National Healthcareer Association
National Phlebotomy Association
registered phlebotomy technician
list two important legal issues in healthcare and discuss them:
- 1. HIPAA- patient confidentiality
- 2. informed consent- verbal, written or implied
Characteristics a phlebotomist must exhibit?
honesty, empathy & compassion, professional detachment, positive attitude, calmness, etc.
examples of a dept. in the clinical lab setting?
microbiology, hemotolgy, immunology/serology, chemistry