Phleb. Chapt. 2

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aseverclaire
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101696
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Phleb. Chapt. 2
Updated:
2011-09-14 16:01:54
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phlebotomy
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Chapter 2 key terms, etc.
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  1. anatomic & surgical pathology area:
    1 of the 2 main branches of the Clinical Laboratory, responsible for analzing cells & tissues
  2. autologous donation:
    donation of a patient's own blood for use at a later time
  3. blood bank:
    department that deals with blood for transfusions
  4. blood type:
    prsence and type of antigens on the surface of RBCs
  5. chemistry panel:
    group of chemistry tests
  6. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI):
    nonprofit organization that sets standards & guidelines under CLIA '88
  7. CLIA '88 (Clinical Lab Improvement Act of 1988):
    federal law that mandated regulation of all facilities that preformed patient testing
  8. clinical laboratory:
    hospital branch that analyzes samples from a patient at the request of the physician
  9. clinical pathology area:
    1 of the 2 main branches of the clinical laboratory; analyzes blood and other body fluids
  10. coagulation:
    depends on the presence of clotting factors and platelets
  11. College of American pathologists (CAP):
    accrediting agency; required for medicare/medicaid reimbursement
  12. CBC:
    complete blood count. automated test used for conditions that affect # and ratio of cell types in the blood
  13. C&S:
    culture and sensitivity test. tests to detect and identify mircoorganisms & to determine the most effective antibiotic therapy
  14. flow cytometry:
    analytic technique used to identify cellular markers on the surface of WBCs
  15. forensic:
    related to legal proceedings
  16. Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs):
    healthcare delivery system that functions as full-service outpatient clinics
  17. hemolyzed:
    characteristics of a sample in which RBCs have been broken
  18. hemostasis:
    process in which the body stops blood from leaking out of a wound
  19. icteric:
    related to jaundice (liver disorder)
  20. immunohematology:
    blood bank
  21. Joint Commission:
    organization that sets standards regarding systems to monitor and evaluate the quality of patient care
  22. lipemic:
    related to increased fats in serum
  23. molecular diagnostics:
    department that analyzes DNA with in a variety of tissues
  24. nursing homes:
    long-term care facility
  25. physician office labs (POLs):
    physicans in a group practice that may employ a phlebotomist to collect patient samples
  26. Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs):
    group of doctors and hospitals who offer their services to large employers to provide healthcare
  27. professional services:
    provides services to employees that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of the patient; includes the clinical laboratory
  28. reagent:
    test chemical
  29. referance labs:
    independant lab that analyzes samples from other health care facilicities
  30. serum separator tube (SST):
    a tube containing a clot activator & serum separator gel
  31. urgent care center:
    outpatient clinic that provides walk-in services to patients who can'mt wait for a scheduled appt. with their primary health care provider
  32. 2-h PPBS:
    2 hour postprandial blood sugar
  33. AIDS:
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  34. ALP:
    alkaline phophatase
  35. ALT:
    alanine aminotransferase
  36. ANA:
    antinuclear antibodies
  37. APTT:
    activated partial thromboplastin time
  38. BMP:
    basic metabolic panel
  39. BUN:
    blood urine nitrogen
  40. C&S:
    culture and sensitivity
  41. CAP:
    College of American Pathologists
  42. CBC:
    complete blood count
  43. CCU:
    critical care unit
  44. CK:
    creatine kinase
  45. CK-MB:
    creatine kinase MB
  46. CLIA '88:
    Clinical Lab Improvement Act of 1988
  47. CLSs:
    Clinical Laboratory Scientists
  48. CLSI:
    Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute
  49. CLTs:
    Clinical Laboratory Technicians
  50. CMP:
    comprehensive metabolic panel
  51. CNA:
    certified nursing assistant
  52. CT:
    computed tomography
  53. diff:
    differential
  54. DNA:
    deoxyribosenucleic acid
  55. EDTA:
    ethylenediaminetetracetic acid
  56. ER, ED:
    emergency room/department
  57. ESR:
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  58. FBS:
    fasting blood sugar
  59. GTT:
    glucose tolerance test
  60. HCG:
    human chorionic gonadotropin
  61. HCT:
    hematocrit
  62. HDL:
    high-density lipoprotein
  63. Hgb:
    hemoglobin
  64. Hgb Alc:
    glycolated hemoglobin
  65. HIV:
    human immunodeficiency virus
  66. HMOs:
    health maintance organizations
  67. ICU:
    intensive care unit
  68. INR:
    international normalized ratio
  69. LDL:
    low-density lipoprotein
  70. LIS:
    laboratory information services
  71. LPN:
    licensed practical nurse
  72. MCH:
    mean corpuscular hemoglobin
  73. MCHC:
    mean corpuscular hemoglobic concentration
  74. MCV:
    mean corpuscular volume
  75. MIS:
    manager of information services
  76. MLTs:
    medical laboratory technicians
  77. MPV:
    mean platelet volume
  78. MRI:
    magnetic resonance imaging
  79. MTs:
    medical technologists
  80. OR:
    operating room
  81. PCA:
    patient care assistant
  82. PCT:
    patient care technician
  83. PET:
    positron emission tomography
  84. POLs:
    physician office labs
  85. PPOs:
    preferred provider organizations
  86. PT:
    prothrombin time
  87. RBCs:
    red blood cells
  88. RDW:
    red cell distribution width
  89. RN:
    registered nurse
  90. RPR:
    rapid plasma reagin
  91. SST:
    serum separator tube
  92. STAT:
    short turnaround time
  93. WBCs:
    white blood cells
  94. define immunology:
    the study of the immune system
  95. why would drawing from the Basilic vein be a liability?
    could hit nerves, arteries or ligaments
  96. one example of a clot/coagulation/serum tube?
    thrombin red tube
  97. one example of an anticoagulant/plasma tube?
    lavender topped EDTA tube
  98. informed consent?
    written, verbal or implied

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