Phleb. Chapt. 5

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Author:
aseverclaire
ID:
101728
Filename:
Phleb. Chapt. 5
Updated:
2011-09-14 17:31:55
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phlebotomy
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Description:
Chapt. 5 (medical terminology) key terms, etc.
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  1. what are the roots languages of medical terminology?
    greek and latin
  2. root:
    main part
  3. prefix:
    part at the beginning
  4. suffix:
    part at the end
  5. combining vowel:
    added to make pronunciation easier (usually an 'o')
  6. combining form:
    the combination of a word root and a combing vowel
  7. PLURALS: words ending in "a"...
    retain the "a" & add "e"

    ex- vertebra/vertebrae
  8. PLURALS: words ending in "is"...
    drop the "is" & add "es"

    ex- diagnosis/diagnoses
  9. PLURALS: words ending in "ex" or "ix"...
    drop the "ex" or "ix" & add "ices"

    ex- apex/apices, varix/verices
  10. PLURALS: words ending in "on"...
    drop the "on"& add "a"

    ex- ganglion/ganglia
  11. PLURALS: words ending in "um"...
    drop the "um" & add "a"

    ex- bacterium/bacteria
  12. PLURALS: words ending in "us"...
    drop the "us" & add "i"

    ex- bronchus/bronchi

    *exceptions: virus/viruses, sinus/sinuses
  13. anatomy systems of the body:
    • 11 of them:
    • -skeletal
    • -muscular
    • -nervous
    • -circulatory
    • -integumentary
    • -digestive
    • -urinary
    • -reproductive
    • -lymphatic
    • -endocrine
    • -respiratory
  14. cavities of the body
    • 5 major:
    • -cranial
    • -thoracic (sub cavities: pericardial & pleural)
    • -abdominal (sub cavity: peritoneal; kidneys not apart of this)
    • -pelvic
    • -spinal
  15. ventral (anterior) vs.
    dorsal (posterior)
  16. lateral vs.
    medial
  17. distal vs.
    proximal
  18. inferior vs.
    superior
  19. prone (face down) vs.
    supine (on back)
  20. flexion vs.
    extension
  21. abduction vs.
    adduction
  22. frontal body plane=
    front and back
  23. sagittal body plane=
    left and right
  24. transverse body plane=
    top and bottom
  25. abduction
    movement away from the attachment
  26. adduction
    movement towards midbody
  27. anterior/ventral
    toward the front
  28. posterior/dorsal
    toward the back
  29. caudal
    toward foot
  30. cranial
    toward head
  31. deep
    away from surface
  32. superficial
    toward the surface
  33. distal
    point furthest away from the attachment
  34. proximal
    point closest to attachment
  35. superior
    toward the top of the structure
  36. inferior
    toward the bottom of the structure
  37. medial
    midline
  38. lateral
    side
  39. supinate
    turn face up
  40. pronate
    turn facedown
  41. aggult-
    clump together
  42. angio-
    vessel
  43. arterio-
    artery
  44. arthro-
    joint
  45. bili-
    bile
  46. cardio-
    heart
  47. cephal-
    head
  48. colo-
    colon
  49. cubit-
    elbow
  50. cyst-
    bladder
  51. derm-
    skin
  52. gastr-
    stomach
  53. heme-
    blood
  54. hepato-
    liver
  55. necro-
    death
  56. oste-
    bone
  57. phago/phage-
    eat
  58. phlebo-
    vein
  59. pneu/pnea-
    breath
  60. pulmon-
    lung
  61. ren-
    kidney
  62. spleno-
    spleen
  63. thromb-
    clot
  64. tox/toxico-
    poison
  65. veno-
    vein
  66. a-, an-
    without, lack of
  67. ambi-, ampho-
    both
  68. ante-
    against
  69. brady-
    slow
  70. cryo-
    cold
  71. dys-
    bad, difficult
  72. ecto-, exo-
    outside
  73. endo-
    inside
  74. epi-
    on, over
  75. hyper-
    above, more, increased
  76. hypo-
    below, less, decreased
  77. inter-
    between
  78. intra-
    within
  79. iso-
    same
  80. macro-
    large
  81. mega-
    large
  82. micro-
    small
  83. neo-
    new
  84. para-
    beside
  85. per-
    throughout, through
  86. peri-
    around, surround
  87. poly-
    many
  88. post-
    after
  89. pre-
    before
  90. pro-
    for, in front of
  91. tachy-
    fast
  92. hemi-, semi-
    half
  93. mono-, uni-
    one
  94. bi-, di-
    two
  95. tri-
    three
  96. tetra-, quad-
    four
  97. deca-
    10
  98. kilo-
    1000
  99. deci-
    10th
  100. centi-
    100th
  101. milli-
    1000th
  102. micro-
    millionth
  103. nano-
    billionth
  104. albi-
    white
  105. cirrho-
    tawny yellow
  106. cyan-
    blue
  107. erythro-
    red
  108. leuk-, leuko-
    white
  109. lute-
    yellow
  110. melano-
    black
  111. nigr-
    black
  112. rube-
    red
  113. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  114. -emia
    blood condition
  115. -gen, -genic, -genous
    originating from, caused by
  116. -itis
    inflammation
  117. -oma
    tumor, growth
  118. -osis
    condition
  119. -pathy
    disease
  120. -penia
    dificiency
  121. -plasty
    shape, form
  122. -plegia
    paralysis
  123. -stasis
    stopping, controlling
  124. stomy-
    opening
  125. -tomy
    cut
  126. ac
    before meals
  127. AMA
    against medical advice
  128. Bx
    biopsy
  129. CCU
    critical care unit
  130. cm
    centimeter
  131. Dx
    diagnosis
  132. EKG/ECG
    electrocardiogram
  133. Fe
    iron
  134. FVO
    for valuation only?
  135. Fx
    fracture
  136. cc
    cheif complaint
  137. CNS
    central nervous system
  138. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  139. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  140. FDA
    food and drug admin.
  141. GC
    gonorrhea
  142. Hg
    mercury
  143. Kg
    kilogram
  144. K
    potassium
  145. Mg
    magnesium
  146. NICU
    neonatal intensive care unit
  147. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  148. oz
    ounce
  149. pp
    postprandial (after eating meal)
  150. pre op
    before operation
  151. post op
    after operation
  152. pt
    patient
  153. PT
    physical therapy
  154. qns
    quantity not sufficient
  155. DNA
    deoxyribosenucleic acid
  156. RNA
    ribonucleic acid
  157. Rx
    prescription
  158. sp. gr.
    specific gravity
  159. staph
    staphlyococcus
  160. stat
    short turn around time (immediately)
  161. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  162. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  163. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  164. wt
    weight

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