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  1. Prevalence
    • # of cases of a disease in existence at a certain time in a designated area
    • (ex) Cerebral Palsy: 2 in 1000, Mental Retardation: 2-3% of the population
  2. Incidence
    • To occur/happen
    • Rate of which a certain event occurs
    • Number of new cases of a disease occuring during a certain period
  3. Etiology
    The study or theory of the causation of any disease

    (ex) believed that some cancers start as error in cell division
  4. Pathogenesis
    The development of morbid conditions or of disease

    (ex) build up of plaques on blood vessels leads to heart attacks (atherosclerosis-->Myocardial Infarction-MI)
  5. Hereditary
    • Derived from ancestry or obtained by inheritance
    • Genetic transmssion of a particular quality or trait from parent to offspring

    (ex) Eye Color/ Muscular Dystrophy
  6. Familial
    • Occurring in or affecting different members of the same family
    • Genetic predisposition, but NOT hereditary

    (ex) alcoholism, heart disease
  7. Congenital
    • Existing at/before birth
    • Conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation

    (ex) Cerebral Palsy, limb deformities, cleft palate
  8. Prognosis
    Forecast as to the probable result of a disease: The prospect of recovery or outcome of a disease as indicated by the nature and symptoms of the case

    (ex) Cancers caught early have good prognosis for cure
  9. Soap Note
    Format most used for CHARTING

    • S: Subjective
    • O: Objective
    • A: Assessment
    • P: Plan
  10. Subjective
    • Feeling, temperment, perception existing or originating in the mind of the observer
    • cannot be measured or verified
  11. Objective
    • Observable, measureable, determined w/o bias or prejudice--FACT
    • Evaluation, treatment, ect
    • Anything the medical professional sees, feels, measures, or does to the patient is documented in this section
  12. Assessment
    • Medical professional makes a judgement of the data collected in S and O portions of the note
    • Diagnosis or prognosis is put here
    • Long & short terms goals, and treatment plan are specified or revised here
    • This is the place for the medical Professionals throughts and perceptions about the patient
  13. Plan
    • Document of how medical professional is going to treat the patient
    • Document anything one is going to do for the patient. This would include establishing, continuing, changing, discontinuing or contacting someone about the plan of care
  14. ASAP
    As soon as possible
  15. W
  16. B
  17. ~
  18. "
    Inches or seconds
  19. >
    Greater Than
  20. 2o
    Secondary to, due to
  21. <
    Less Than
  22. =
    Equal to
  23. (+)
  24. (-)
  25. Sec.
  26. Min.
  27. wt
  28. # or lb.
  29. y.o.
    Years Old
  30. PT
    Physical Therapist/Physical Therapy
  31. RPT
    Registered Physical Therapist
  32. PTA
    Physical Therapist Assistant
  33. as tol.
    As tolerated
  34. tol.
  35. A
  36. P
  37. AA
    Active Assistive
  38. X 50
  39. VG
    Verbal Guidance
  40. SBA
    Stand By Assistance
  41. CG
    Contact Guard
  42. Min. PA
    Minimal Physical Assistance
  43. Mod. PA
    Moderate Physical Assistance
  44. Max. PA
    Maximal Physical Assistance
  45. HEP
    Home Exercise Program
  46. MMT
    Manual Muscle Test
  47. N or 5
  48. G or 4
  49. F or 3
  50. P or 2
  51. T or 1
  52. Flex. or (check mark)
  53. Ext. or /
  54. Abd.
    Abduct or Abducted
  55. Add.
    Adduct or Adducted
  56. ER or Ext. Rot.
    External Rotation
  57. IR or Int. Rot.
    Internal Rotation
  58. Pron.
    Pronate or Pronated
  59. Sup.
    Supinated or Supinated (may also be Superior, look at content for verification)
  60. Ctx
    Cervical Traction
  61. E. Stim or elec. Stim
    Electrical Stimulation
  62. FES
    Functional Electrical Stimulation
  63. HP or MHP
    Moist Hot Pack
  64. HVGS
    High Voltage Glavanic Stimulation

    - electrical therapy used for womb care, decreases pain
  65. IR
  66. PB
    Paraffin Bath

    -Hot wax hair removal used with rheumatoid arthritis patients
  67. PTX
    Pelvic Traction
  68. SWD
    Short Wave Diathermy

    -Type of Electromagnetic Wave
  69. TENS or TNS
    Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation
  70. US
  71. UVR
    • UltraViolet Radiation
    • --Minimal Erythermal Dose
    • --SubErythermal Dose
  72. WP or WHP
  73. AAROM
    Active Assitive Range of Motion
  74. amb
  75. AROM
    Active Range of Motion
  76. Ex. or Exer.
  77. GT
    Gait Training
  78. LAQ
    Long Arc Quad
  79. PRE
    Progressive Resistive Exercise
  80. PROM
    Passive Range of Motion
  81. ROM
    Range of Motion
  82. SAQ
    Short Arc Quad
  83. SLR
    Straight Leg Raise
  84. Ther. Ex.
    Therapeutic Exercise
  85. Wms. Ex.
    Williams Exercises
  86. //
    Parallel Bars
  87. AFO
    Ankle Foot Orthosis

    --Brace that keeps foot at a 90o angle
  88. DFA
    Dorsiflexion Assist
  89. HKAFO
    Hip Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis
  90. KAFO
    Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis
  91. LBQC
    Large Base Quad Cane
  92. LSO
    LumboSacral Orthosis
  93. PTB
    Patellar Tendon weight Bearing
  94. SBQC
    Small Base Quad Cane
  95. TLSO
    Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Orthosis
  96. ALZ
    Alzheimer's Disease
  97. Amp
    AE or A/E
    BE or B/E
    or A/K
    or B/K
    • Amputation
    • --Above Elbow
    • --Below Elbow
    • --Above Knee
    • --Below Knee
  98. AODM
    Adult Onset Diabetes Mellitis
  99. AVM
    • ArterioVenous Malformation
    • --blood doesnt pump back to the heart
  100. CA
  101. CAD
    Coronary Artery Disease
  102. CHF
    Congestive Heart Failure
  103. CHI
    Closed Head Injury
  104. COPD
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  105. DM
    Diabetes Mellitis
  106. DVT
    Deep Vein Thrombosis
  107. Fx
  108. GSW
    Gun Shot Wound
  109. Hemi
    Hemiplegia or Hemiparesis
  110. HTN
  111. IDDM
    Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitis
  112. JRA
    Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
  113. MI
    Myocardial Infarction
  114. MVA
    Motor Vehicle Accident
  115. OA
  116. Para
    Paraplegia or Paraparesis
  117. PE
    Pulmonary Embolism (may also mean Physical Exam, look at context)
  118. Quad
    Quadriplegia or Quadriparesis
  119. RA
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
  120. SCI
    Spinal Cord Injury
  121. SDH
    Subdural Hematoma
  122. SLE
    Systemic Lupus Erythematosis
  123. TBI
    Traumatic Brain Injury
  124. THA
    Total Hip Arthroplasty (replacement)
  125. TKA
    Total Knee Arthroplasty (replacement)
  126. BP
    Blood Pressure
  127. BUN
    Blood Urea Nitrogen
  128. CABG
    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  129. CBC
    Complete Blood Count
  130. CMG
  131. CT
    Computerized axial Tomography (Cat Scan)
  132. CXR
    Chest X-Ray
  133. DTR
    Deep Tendon Reflex
  134. ECHO
  135. EEG
  136. EKG
  137. EMG
  138. FTN
    Finger to Nose
  139. HCT
  140. Hgb
  141. MRI
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  142. NVC
    Nerve Conduction Velocity
  143. ORIF
    Open Reduction Internal Fixation
  144. PET
    Position Emission Tomography
  145. PT
    Prothrombin Time (may mean Physical Therapy)
  146. PTT
    Partial Thromoboplasmin Time
  147. RAM
    Rapid Alternating Movements
  148. c/o
    Coomplaints Of
  149. CC
    Cheif Complaint
  150. Dx
  151. ER
    Emergency Room or External Rotation
  152. Eval
  153. F/U
    Follow Up
  154. Fhx
    Family History
  155. H&P
    History and Physical
  156. h/o
    History Of
  157. Hx
  158. OR
    Operating Room
  159. PE
    Physical Exam
  160. PMH
    Past Medical History
  161. R/O
    Rule Out
  162. S/P
    Status Post
  163. Sx
    Surgery or Symptoms
  164. T/A/D
    Tobacco, Alcohol, Drugs
  165. Tx or Rx
    Treatment (Rx usually means Prescription)
  166. BID
    Twice Daily
  167. BIW
    Twice Weekly
  168. Q2H
    Every 2 Hours
  169. QD
    Every Day
  170. QH
    Every Hour
  171. QID
    Four times a day
  172. QN
    Every Night
  173. QOD
    Every Other Day
  174. TID
    Three Times a Day
  175. TIW
    Three Times a Week
  176. ANS
    Autonomic Nervous System
  177. Ant.
  178. C1-7
    Cervical Vertebrae
  179. CNS
    Central Nervous System
  180. CFS
    Cerbral Spinal Fluid
  181. DIP
    Distal InterPhalangeal
  182. Inf.
  183. L1-5
    Lumbar Vertebrae
  184. Lat.
  185. Med.
  186. MP
    Metacarpal Phalangeal
  187. PIP
    Proximal InterPhalangeal
  188. PNS
    peripheral Nervous System
  189. Post.
  190. S1-4
    Sacral Vertebrae
  191. Sup.
    Superior or Supination
  192. T1-12
    Thoracic Vertebrae
  193. BR
    Bathroom or Bed Rail
  194. BRP
    Bathroom Privilages
  195. D/C or DC
    Discharge or Discontinue
  196. EOB
    Edge of Bed
  197. FWB
    Full Weight Bearing
  198. I & O
    Input and Output
  199. NPO
    Nothing by Mouth
  200. NWB
    Non-Weight Bearing
  201. OOB
    Out of Bed
  202. PRN
    As Necessary
  203. PWB
    Partial Weight Bearing
  204. TTWB
    Toe-Touch Weight Bearing
  205. WBAT, WBTT
    Weight Bearing As Tolerated (if unsure, check with doctor)
  206. dev.
  207. ETOH
  208. LOC
    Loss Of Consciousness
  209. MAEW
    Moves All Extremeties Well
  210. N & V
    Nausea & Vomitting
  211. NAD
    No Acute Distress
  212. PERRLA
    Pupils Equal Round and Reactive to Light and Accomodation
  213. SOB
    Short of Breath
  214. WFL
    Within Functional Limits
  215. WNL
    Within Normal Limits
  216. BM
    Bowel Movement
  217. DME
    Durable Medical Equipment
  218. ECF
    Extended Care Facility
  219. meds.
  220. W/C
    Wheel Chair
Card Set
Physical Therapy Careers Midterm Abbreviations & Some Definitions
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