Lifespan Test 1

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lysa4208
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101803
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Lifespan Test 1
Updated:
2011-09-16 15:02:16
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Psychology
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Vocabulary words for Test 1
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  1. ____is the patteren of movement or change that starts at conception and continues through the human life span
    Development
  2. ____ is the perspective that development is lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional , plastic, multidisciplinary and contextual; involves growtth , maintence and regulation : and is constructed through biological, sociocultural and individual factors working together
    Life-span perspective
  3. _____ is the biological and enviromental influences that are similar for individuals in a particular age group
    Normative age-graded influences
  4. ______ is the biological and enviromental influences that are associated with history. These influences are common to people of a particular generation
    Normative History-graded influences
  5. ____ is the unusual occurrences that have a major impact on a person's life. the occurance, patteren and sequence of these events are not applicable to many individuals
    Nonnormative life events
  6. ____ is the comparisons of one culture with one or more other cultures. These provide information about the degree to which children's development is similar or universal, across cultures, and to the degree to which it is culture specific
    Cross-cultural studies
  7. ____ is a range of characteristics rooted in cultural heritage, including nationality, race, religion, and language
    Ethnicity
  8. ____ refers to the conceptual grouping of people with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics
    Socioeconomic status
  9. ____ is a national government's course of action designed to promote the welfare of its citizens
    Social Policy
  10. ___ is the changes in an individual's physical features
    Biological Processes
  11. ____ are changes in an individual's thought, intelligence and language
    Cognitive processes
  12. ____ Is the debate about the extent to which development is influenced by nature abd by nuture. nature refere to an organisms bilogical inheritance, nuture ti uts enviromental experiences
    Nature-nuture issue
  13. ___ is the debate about the extent to which development involves gradual, cumulative change(continuity) or distinct change (discontinuity)
    continuity-discontinuity change
  14. ___ are the theories that hold development depends primarily on the unconscious mind and is heavily couched in emotion that behavior is merely a surface characteristic, that is important to analyze the symbolic meanings of behavior, and that early experiences are important in development
    Psychoanalytic theories
  15. ___ is the theory that children construct their understanding of the world and go through four stages of cognitive
    Piaget Theory
  16. _____ is a sociocultural cognitive thory that emphasizes how culture and social interaction guide cognitive development
    Vygotsky's Theory
  17. ____is a theory that focuses on five enviromental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and chronosystem
    Bronfenbrenner's Ecological theory
  18. ___ is a test that is given with uniform procedures for administration and scoring
    Standarized Test
  19. ___ is a research strategy in which individuals of different ages are compared at one time
    Cross-sectional approach
  20. ____ is a research strategy in which the same individuals are studied over a period of time, usually several years or more
    Longitudinal approach
  21. _____ empasizes the importance of adaptaion, reproduction, and "survival of the fittest"in shaping behavior
    Evolutionary Psychology
  22. ____ are threadlike structures made up of DNA
    Chromosomes
  23. ____ is a complex molecule with a double helix shape that contains genetic imformation
    DNA
  24. ____are units of hereditary information composed of DNA. Genes direct cells to reproduce themselves and manufacture the protiens that maintain life
    Genes
  25. ___ is a specialized form of cell division that occurs to form eggs and sperm(Gametes)
    Meiosis
  26. ____ is cellular reproduction in which the cells nucleus duplicates its self with two new cells being formed, each conatining the same DNA as the parent cell, arranged in the same 23 pairs of chromosomes
    Mitosis
  27. ___ is a person's genetic heritage; the actual genetic material
    Genotype
  28. ___ is the way an individual's genotype is expressed in observed and measurable characteristics
    Phenotype
  29. ___ is a chromosomally transmitted form of mental retardation, caused be the presence of an extra copy of chromosme 21
    Down Syndrome
  30. ____ is the field that seeks to discover the influence of heredity and enviroment on individual differences in human traits and development
    Behavior genetics
  31. ____ is a study in which the behavioral similarity of identical twins is compared with the behavioral similarity of fraternal twins
    Twin study
  32. ___ is a study in which investigators seek to discover whether, in behavior and psychological charateristics, adopted children are more like their adoptive parents, who provided a home enviroment, or like their biological parentm who contributed their heredity. Another form of the adoption study is to compare adoptive and biological siblings
    Adoptive study
  33. ____ Empasizes that development is the result of an ongoin, bidirectional interchange between heredityand enviroment
    Epigentic view
  34. ____ is the period of prental development that occurs two to eight weeks after conception. during the embryonic period, the rate of cell differentiation intensifies, support systems for the cells form , and organs
    Embryonic period
  35. ____ is ther period of the prenatal development that takes place in the first two weeks after conception. it includes the creation of the zygote, contined cell division and the attachment of the zygote to the uterine wall
    Germinal period
  36. ____ is organ formation that takes place during the first two months of prenatal development
    Organogenesis
  37. ____ is the prenatal period of development that begins two months after conception and lasts for seven months on the average
    Fetal Period
  38. ____ are nerve cells which handle information processing at the cellular level in the brain
    Neurons
  39. ____ is any agent that can potentially cause a birth defect or negativley alter cognitive and behavioral outcomes
    Teratogen
  40. ____ is a widely used assessment of the newborns health at 1 and 5 minytes after birth
    Apgar Scale
  41. ____ is the sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the top-- the head-- with pyshical growth in size, weight, and feature differentiation gradually working from top to bottom
    Cephalocaudal Pattern
  42. ___ is the sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward the extremities
    Proximodistal Pattern
  43. ____ is the specialization of function in one hemisphere of cerebral cortex or the other
    Lateralization
  44. ___ is a condition that occurs when an infant stops breathing, usually during the night , and suddenlydie with an apparent cause
    Sudden Infant death Syndrome (SIDS)
  45. ____ is perspective on motor development that seeks to explain how motor behaviors aew assembled for perceiving and acting
    Dynamic systems theory
  46. ____ is the product of the interaction between information and the sensory receptors- the eyes, ears, tounge, nostrils, and skin
    Sensation
  47. ____ is the interpretation of what is sensed
    Perception
  48. _____is the view that perception functions to bring organisms in contact with the enviroment and to increase adaption
    Ecological view
  49. __ is the decreased responsiveness to a stimulus after repeated to a stimulus after repeated presentations of the stimulus
    Habituation

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