Ch14

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Author:
karlap
ID:
101806
Filename:
Ch14
Updated:
2011-09-14 22:33:40
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Ch14 Short answer
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Ch14 Short answer
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  1. Name and describe the tissues of the periodontium
    • -alveolar mucosa
    • -mucogingival junction
    • -attached gingiva
    • -free gingiva
    • -interdental papilla
  2. Describe the prevalence of periodontal disease
    • Is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
    • Almost 75% of American adults have some form of periodontal disease, most are unaware of the condition.
    • Almost all adults & children have calculus on their teeth.
  3. Name the structures thta make up the periodontium
    • Gingivae
    • Ephithelial attachment
    • Sulcus
    • Periodontal ligaments
    • Cementum
    • Alveolar bone
  4. Identify systemic factors that influence periodontal disease.
    • diabetes mellitus
    • poor oral hygiene
    • osteoporosis
    • HIV/AIDS
    • stress
    • Medications
    • Local factors
  5. Identify and describe the two main types of periodontal disease.
    • Gingivitis: inflammation of the gingival tissue. Most common and easy to treat.
    • Periodontitis: Inflammatory disease of the supportingtissues of the tooth.
  6. Explain the significance of plaque and calculus in periodontal disease.
    • Plaque: primary factor causing periodontal disease.
    • Calculus: formed by calcium & phosphate salts. Ataches to tooth surface
  7. Identify the risk factors that contribute to periodontal disease.
    • Inflammation cause by and accumulation of bacteria plaque
    • Malocclusion
    • Medications
  8. Describe the systemic conditions that are linked to periodontal disease
    • heart disease
    • arthritis & failure of artificial joints
    • Neurological disease
    • pregnancy
    • diabetes mellitus
    • pulmonary disease
    • gastrointestinal
  9. Describe the clinical characteristics of gingivitis.
    • Color: pale pink, w/o generalized dark brown pigment
    • Consistency: Firm, resilient
    • Surface texture: Free gingival
    • Contour: Gingival margin 1-2mm above CEJ
    • Size: Free marginal gingiva is near CEJ
    • Probing depth: 0-4mm no apical migration of JE
  10. Describe the progression of periodontitis
    • Chronic periodontitis- inflammation of supporting tissue, increase by age
    • Aggressive periodontitis- before 35, rapid rate of progression of tissue destruction
    • Necrotizing periodontal disease-severe & rapid periodontal destruction

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