Class2.txt

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Author:
dodgybarnet
ID:
101818
Filename:
Class2.txt
Updated:
2011-09-14 22:35:45
Tags:
EMR class
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Description:
EMR class 2
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  1. ´╗┐What do you say in the practical when applying a BVM?
    • Mention that the bag is at least 2/3 full and that PPVs are being given at a rate of;
    • 1 to 5 which is 12/min
    • 1 to 3 which is 20/min
  2. SQ injection?
    into fat at 45deg
  3. Alpha 1 receptor sites do?
    Whole body vasoconstriction
  4. Beta 1 does?
    Increased heart rate
  5. Beta 2 does?
    Brochodilation
  6. Generic name?
    Abbreviated form of the chemical name - lower case
  7. Trade Name?
    Brand name: Capitalized
  8. High grade fever?
    Bacterial infection: 39.5
  9. Low grade fever ?
    Viral infection: 38.5
  10. Croup age?
    6 months to 3 years
  11. Epiglottitis age?
    3 to 6 years
  12. OPA/NPA are contraindicated for?
    • Epiglottitis as it will piss off their airway
    • Head trauma for NPA
  13. PEEP?
    Positive End Expiratory Pressure: Pursed lip breathing increases pressure and helps open
  14. Bradycardia bpm?
    <60bpm
  15. Tachycardia bpm?
    >100bpm
  16. sinus rhythm degrades from what to what?
    V-tach -> V-Fig -> Flatline
  17. Witnessed arrest: CPR until?
    till pads applied then zappy time
  18. UNwitnessed arrest : CPR until?
    for 5 cycles (2 mins) then zappy time
  19. Cardiac issues MUST NOT be transported in which positions?
    • shock / Trendelenburgs
    • as this increases BP = death
  20. AH! MDI side effects?!
    • Headache
    • NV
    • Palpitations
    • Nervousness
    • Tachycardia
    • Muscle tremors
    • Transient Muscle cramps
    • Weakness
  21. 2 ways to move a medical patient?
    Stand & Pivot or Extremity lift
  22. After MDI you must also say that you are?
    re-auscultating for breath sounds!
  23. After Epi you must also say that you are?
    re-auscultating for breath sounds!
  24. Diabetes full name?
    Diabetes Mellitus (MELL-EYE-TUS)
  25. Type 1 Diabetes is?
    insulin dependent (think of the '1' as needle)
  26. Type 2 Diabetes is?
    non dependent
  27. Hypoglycemic skin is?
    Hypo is drunk & wet skin
  28. Hyperglycemic skin is?
    Hyper is dry
  29. Anaphylaxis must include airway issues or?
    • it's just a bad-ass allergic reaction
    • Urticaria is not enough
    • Often find HTN in ana
  30. Bee sting / causes of swelling
    Remove jewelry!
  31. Black Widow causes?
    • tightness in chest
    • SOB
  32. Brown recluse causes?
    • Swollen & tender bite area
    • Ulceration
  33. who controls drugs in Canada?
    Department of National Health & Welfare
  34. who regulates drug manufacturing & sale?
    Canadian Food & Drug Act (1941)
  35. who restricts narcotics?
    Canadian Narcotic Control Act (1965)
  36. Chronic Bronchitis S/S & Cause?
    • Blue bloaters are blue because it's a chronic oxygen deficit with barrel chestedness
    • Bronchioles full of mucus
  37. Chronic Emphysema S/S & Cause?
    • Pink puffers they have to breath harder and have tried to compensate by producing more RBCs
    • Alveoli chronically stretched creating dead spaces
  38. TB S/S & Cause?
    • Hemoptysis
    • Bacterial infection creates inflammations that necrotize
  39. Pneumonia S/S & Cause?
    Infection causes fluid accumulation in the lungs
  40. Pulmonary Embolism S/S & Cause?
    • Hemoptysis + Pain
    • PE causes necrosis of lung tissue
  41. Pulmonary Edema S/S & Cause?
    • Hemoptysis (pink & frothy)
    • Fluid build up
  42. Blood volume of average adult?
    5 litres ish
  43. Right side cardiac issues cause?
    • backup to previous input - The body
    • So body backs up
    • JVD
    • Pitting Edema / Swollen ankles
    • CAUSE: COPD, HTN, PE
  44. Left side cardiac issues cause?
    • backup to previous input - The Lungs
    • Pulmonary Edema
    • Crackles in lung
    • CAUSE: MI
  45. Sign vs Symptoms?
    • Signs are objective: like a street sign
    • Symptoms are subjective: my tummy hurts

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