Ch 3 - Diagnostic Therapeutic and Surgical terms. Building Medical Vocab with Spanish trasnlations

Card Set Information

Author:
SPinterpreter
ID:
101909
Filename:
Ch 3 - Diagnostic Therapeutic and Surgical terms. Building Medical Vocab with Spanish trasnlations
Updated:
2011-09-15 17:20:28
Tags:
Building Medical Vocabulary Spanish Translations Diagnostic Therapeutic Surgical Terms Translator Interpretor
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 3 Building a Medical Vocabulary with Spanish Translations - Diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical terms
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user SPinterpreter on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Sings and symptoms

    What is a Sign?
    definitive evidence of an illness or disordered function.

    It's the things that you can see. ex. A Rash
  2. Signs and Symptoms

    What is a Symptom?
    Subjective to evidence as preceived by the patient such as pain.

    It's what the patient feels. ex. an Itch
  3. What do you call the terms that are used to describe the signs and symptoms?
    Diagnostic terms
  4. The condition of being stretched or dilated beyond the normal dimensions, or the process of being dilated.
    Dilatation.

    Ex. Think of a woman giving birth. The common phrase is "she is dialated to a 10"
  5. Suffixes

    -algia, -dynia
    pain
  6. Suffixes

    -ecstasia, -ectasis
    dilatation (dilation, enlargement) stretching or a structure or part
  7. Suffixes

    -edema
    swelling
  8. Suffixes

    -emesis
    To vomit, vomiting
  9. Suffixes

    -malacia
    Soft, softening
  10. Suffixes

    -megaly
    Enlargement
  11. Suffixes

    -oid (forms adjectives and nouns)
    resembling
  12. Suffixes

    -penia
    deficiency
  13. Suffixes

    -rrhage, -rrhagia
    excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
  14. Suffixes

    -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  15. Suffixes

    -rrhexis
    rupture
  16. Suffixes

    -spasm
    twitching, cramp
  17. Suffixes

    -stasis
    Stopping Controlling
  18. Procedure Suffixes

    -gram
    a record
  19. Procedure Suffixes

    -graph
    instrument used to record
  20. Procedure suffixes

    -graphy
    process of recording
  21. Procedure suffixes

    -meter
    instrument used for measure
  22. Procedure suffixes

    -scope
    instrument used for viewing
  23. Procedure suffixes

    -scopy
    visual exmination
  24. Term meaning Pain in the eye
    Ophthalmo/dynia
  25. Term meaning Enlargement of the heart
    Cardio/megaly
  26. Term meaning discharge from the ear
    Oto/rrhea
  27. What is a suffix that means rupture?
    -rrhexis
  28. Blephar(o) is the combining form that means eye lid.
    Edema is the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissue.

    what would Blepharedema mean?
    Swelling of the eye lid
  29. Malacia means softening. Use a combinig form before -malacia to write a word that means abnormal softening of the eye.
    Ophthalmomalacia
  30. Statis is both a term and a suffix (-stasis), they both mean the same. What do they mean?
    stopping or controlling
  31. What does Blepharo/spasm mean?
    twitching of the eye lid
  32. Oste(o) means bone. If something is described as osteoid, what does that mean?
    it resembles bone
  33. Electro/cardio/graphy is the process of ?

    Electro/cardio/gram is the produced.
    electrocardiography is the process of recording

    electrocardiogram is the record produced
  34. Otoscopy means an examination of the outer ear.
    What is the lighted instrument used in otoscopy?
    Otoscope
  35. What is the term that means examination of the interior of the eye with an ophthalmoscope?
    Opthalmoscopy
  36. What is the term that means a diagnostic procedure that uses an endoscope?
    Endoscopy
  37. The introduction of a catheter is catheterization. To introduce a catheter within the body is to catheterize. what is the term for the device used in catheterization?
    Catheter
  38. The vital signs checked for are:
    • Pulse rate
    • Respiration rate
    • Body temperature
    • and customarily included is the Blood pressure
  39. The rhythmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats is called the
    Pulse
  40. The number of breaths per minute is the
    respiration rate.
  41. a thermo/meter is the instrument for measuring?
    Temperature
  42. What do you call the exam that investigates the body to determine its state of health?
    The Physical Exam
  43. What does the Physical Exam (PE) consist of?
    • inspection, examiner uses the eyes to observe patient
    • palpation. feels for texture, size, consistency
    • percussion, taps to evalute the size borders and consistency of internal organs and amt of fluid
    • ausculation, listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines, other organs.
  44. ambulant describes a person who is able to
    walk
  45. Word parts

    Echo, Sono
    sound
  46. Word parts

    electro
    electricity
  47. Word parts

    fluoro
    emitting or reflecting light
  48. radio
    radiant energy
  49. tomo
    to cut
  50. uword parts

    ultra-
    excessive
  51. the substance that does not permit the passage of x-rays are described as
    radiopaque
  52. Diagnostic imaging modaliities include:
    • contrast imaging
    • computed tomography (CT)
    • Nuclear scans
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Sonography (ultrasonography, echography or ultrasound)
  53. What type of imaging uses the radiopaque materials to make internal organs visible on x-ray images?
    contrast imaging
  54. Word parts

    algesio
    sensitivity to pain
  55. Word parts

    chemo
    chemical
  56. Word parts

    cryo
    cold
  57. esthesio
    feeling or sensation
  58. narco
    stupor
  59. pharmaco, pharmaceuti
    drugs or medicine
  60. therapueto
    treatment
  61. thermo
    heat
  62. suffix

    -therapy
    treatment
  63. What kind of radiology uses radiation to treat cancer?
    Therapeutic
  64. the literal translation of onco/logy is the study of
    tumors
  65. Antineoplastics are medications that are used to treat malignant?
    neoplasms
  66. Cryotherapy is what kind of treatment?
    one that uses heat and cold to treat with
  67. neuromuscular means pertaining to the
    nerves and muscles
  68. What term describes a drug that relieves pain?
    analgesic
  69. Suffixes

    -centesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
  70. suffixes

    -ectomy
    excision (surgically remove or cut out)
  71. suffixes

    -lysis
    process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
  72. suffixes

    -pexy
    surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
  73. suffixes

    -plasty
    surgical repair
  74. suffixes

    -rrhaphy
    suture
  75. suffixes

    -scope
    instrument used for viewing
  76. suffixes

    -scopy
    visual examination with a lighted instrument
  77. suffixes

    -stomy
    formation of an opening
  78. suffixes

    -tome
    an instruement used for cutting
  79. suffixes

    -tomy
    incision
  80. suffixes

    -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  81. What is it called when two structures abnormally attach to each other?
    Adhesions
  82. A medical specialty concerned with operative procedures?
    Surgery
  83. what does the following mean?

    neru/ectomy
    partial or total excision of a nerve.
  84. This term means destruction of nerve tissue or losening of adhesions surrounding a nerve
    Neurotripsy
  85. Opthalmoplasty is incision of the ?
    eye
  86. What is the suffix that means an instrument used for cutting?
    -tome
  87. what is the suffix that means a visual examination with a lighted instrument?
    -scopy
  88. Oto/plasty is the surgical repair of the ?
    ear
  89. what is the term that describes stitching together cuts or torn edges of tissue with silk, catgut, wire or synthetic material?
    suture
  90. What is the suffix that means suture?
    -rrhaphy
  91. What is the difference between absorbable and non absorbable suture material?
    • Absorbable suture is digested over time by body enzymes. (catguts is one of the best examples)
    • Nonabsorbable suture either is left in the body, where it becomes embedded in scar tissue, or is removed when healing is complete (silk, cotton, wire and certain synthetic materials)
  92. term that means to bring close together by suture or other means?
    Approximate
  93. A small opening, either natural or artificially created?

    example is the artificial anus on the abdominal wall after removal of much of the large intestine.
    Stoma
  94. CF

    adeno
    gland
  95. CF

    angio
    vessel
  96. CF

    Appendo, appendico
    appendix
  97. CF

    Blepharo
    eyelid
  98. CF

    cerebro, encephalo
    • brain,
    • cerebro sometimes means cerebrum, the main portion of the brain
  99. CF

    Chiro
    hand
  100. CF

    Colo, colono
    colon or large intestine
  101. CF

    Cutaneo, Derma, Dermato
    skin
  102. CF

    mammo, masto
    breast
  103. CF

    nephro, reno
    kidney
  104. CF

    osteo
    bone
  105. CF

    stetho
    thorax (chest)
  106. CF

    Tracheo
    Trachea (windpipe)
  107. CF

    tonsillo
    tonsil
  108. CF

    vaso
    vessel
  109. An examination of the lining of the colon with a special instrument is a colonoscopy and a coloscopy. The instrument used is a?
    colonoscope or coloscope
  110. excision of the colon or portion of it?
    colectomy
  111. What term means surgical repair of the eyelid?
    blepharoplasty
  112. means plastic surgery on vessels (blood vessels)
    angio/plasty
  113. The repair of a vessel by suture refers to?
    Angio/rrhaphy
  114. Osteo/tomy is cutting of a bone. What is the instrument used in osteotomy?
    Osteotome
  115. An incision made into the trachea through the neck.

    You see this in movies alot when someone has something stuck in their throat and need air quickly.
    tracheo/tomy
  116. The surgical removal of the appendix?
    appendectomy
  117. means excision of a breast?
    mastectomy
  118. surgical repair of the breast?
    mammo/plasty
  119. the medical term for enlarging of the breast is?
    augmentation mammoplasty
  120. Incision of the brain is refered to as?
    • Encephalo/tomy or
    • Cerebro/tomy
  121. a.c.
    before meals
  122. ad lib.
    freely as needed, at pelasure
  123. aq.
    water
  124. b.i.d.
    twice a day
  125. C
    Celsius
  126. CT, CAT
    Computed tomography
  127. ECG,EKG
    electrocardiogram
  128. F
    Farenheit
  129. MRI
    Magnetic resonance imaging
  130. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  131. OD
    Overdose,

    right eye
  132. OTC
    over the counter
  133. PE
    Physical examination
  134. PET
    positron emission tomography
  135. p.r.n .
    as the occasion arises, as needed
  136. q.i.d
    four times a day
  137. Rx
    perscription
  138. stat.
    immediately
  139. t.i.d.
    three times a day
  140. WNL
    Within normal limits
  141. Gram vs graph vs graphy

    what do each mean?
    • Gram (a record)
    • Graph (an instrument)
    • Graphy(a process)

    • remember you win a Grammy from a great record!
    • remember a Graph is an instrument for measurement
  142. -rrhage vs -rrhea vs -rrhexis
    • rrhage (excessive bleeding)
    • rrhea (discharge)
    • rrhexis (rupture)
  143. -tome vs -tomy

    which is cutting into and which is the instrument to cut into?
    • -tome (cutting instrument) also a brand of knife
    • -tomy (cutting into)
  144. -tomy vs -stomy
    • -tomy (cutting instrument) also a brand of knife
    • -stomy (formation of an opening)
  145. incision vs excision
    • incision (cut into)
    • excision (cutting out)
  146. diagnosis vs prognosis
    • diagnosis (identification of disease)
    • prognosis (predicted outcome)
  147. sign vs sympton
    • sign (objective)
    • symptom (subjective)

    • a sign is something you can see like a rash
    • a symptom is something felt, like an itch

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview