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What is First aid?
The initial treatment given to a casualty before qualified medical assisstance arrives.
The Aims Of First Aid
- Preserve Life
- Prevent worsening
- Promote recovery
The Health and safety at work act 1974
Requires employers to ensure the health, safety and welfare at work of all their employees, external contractors and general public when on site.
The Management Of The H&S At Work Regulations 1999
Requires employers to complete risk assessments for first aid needs in order to protect their employes welfare.
The Health & Safety (first Aid) regulations 1981
Employers are required to provide trained staff, equipment and facilities to give first aid if an employee is taken ill or injured at work.
First Aiders and Company Management should?
- Ensure first aid areas are stocked and organised
- Ensure adequate kits are available around the building
- Keep records and repoerts
What Colour is a First Aid Box and Why?
- Green with a White cross
- Internationally recognised
Contents of a First Aid Box?
- Guidence Leaflet
- Sterile Bandages
- Triangular bandages
- Eye Patch
- Disposable Gloves
- Safety Pins
- Blunt tipped sissors
- Non alcoholic wipes
- Where no water mains is available an eye irrigation solution should be available
What should NOT be in a First Aid box?
When filling out an accident report form you should include?
- Who is injured
- What happened
- Where it happened
- When it happened
- Treatment Given
- Have you advised them to go to hospital?
What is RIDDOR?
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases, and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations
When should a RIDDOR F2508 form be filled out and notification given?
- Loss of Sight
- Over 3 days off work as a result of an Injury sustained at work
- Within 10 days
Prority of First Aid Treatment?
- Broken Bones
- Other Injuries
After an Incident you should?
- Complete the accident report forms / RIDDOR if needed
- Clean up and dispose using a biohazard bag for incineration
- Restock First Aid provisions
- Report to your manager
Contacting Emergancy Services 999/112
- Other Services needed
- Number of casualties
- Extent of Injuries
- Location repeated
Primary Survey DRAB C?
Initial assessment of an emergancy situation and casualties condition
- Danger - Check area before you approach?
- Response - AVPU scale
- Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive
- Airway- Clear and open
- Breathing - Look, Listen and Feel
- Circulation- If breathing Normally
- CPR- if not breathing Normally
What are Agonal Gasps?
- Infrequent, irregular breathing
- Occur in the first few minutes after sudden cardiac arrest
- Present in 40% of cariac arrest victims
- CPR should begin as casualty is not breathing normally
Signs are things you can?
- Some are obvious others will need investigation through examination
- What your casulty can tell you
- Any pain
- Encourage them to explain and listen
Secondary assessment Top to toe survey
Check for Lumps, Bumps, Bruises, Swelling and Fluids
- Wear Gloves, empty pockets
- Head and Face - remove glasses place next to them
- Neck - Losen clothing
- Chest and shoulders - Normal Rise and Fall of chest
- Arms - Needle Marks, Medical bracelets,Tattoos
- Spine - Loss of sensation do not move
- Pelvis - Feel both sides
- Abdomen - Swelling, tenderness
- Legs - deformities