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The study of the structures that make up the human body and how those structures relate to each other.
The structures of the human body are well-designed for efficient movement.
Structure determines function
It is used in all anatomical description, specifying the locations of specific parts of the body relative to other body parts.
Away from the midline of the body.
Toward the midline.
E.g., Your ears are lateral to your cheeks and your cheeks are medial to your ears.
Example of medial and lateral
Further from some specified region.
Closer to some specified region.
E.g., With respect to the trunk, the hands are distal to the arms and the arms are proximal to the hands.
Example of distal and proximal
In front of or front of your body.
Behind or back of your body.
E.g., Your lips are anterior to your teeth and your teeth are posterior to your lips.
Example of anterior and posterior
E.g., Your lips are superior to your chin and your chin is inferior to your lips
Example of superior and inferior
A person lying on their back.
A person lying face down.
Planes of the body
Imaginary flat surfaces that divide the human body.
They are used to:
–divide the body for further identification of particular areas
–describe different movements or actions
Kin 2303 Into to the structure of the human body