MICRO FINAL REVIEW

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Author:
jesssnod
ID:
10206
Filename:
MICRO FINAL REVIEW
Updated:
2010-03-14 18:37:46
Tags:
RESPIRATORY
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Description:
DISEASES
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  1. Streptococcal pharyngitis
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: Streptococcal pyogenes- gram-positive strep A group (GAS)
    • strep throat, inflammed mucous membranes of throat
  2. Scarlet Fever
    • Bacteria
    • Pathogen: Streptococcus pyogenes- erythrogenic toxin-producing strains, when the strain produces this toxin-->it has been lysogenized by a bacteriophage
    • reddening of skin
  3. Diphtheria
    • Bacteria
    • Pathogen: Corynebacterium diphtheriae- gram-positive non-endospore forming rod
    • sore throat, tough grayish membrane that forms in the throat that can black the passage of air to the lungs
  4. Otitis Media
    • Bacteria
    • Pathogen: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae
    • middle ear infection, earache
  5. Common cold
    • Viral
    • Pathogen: Rhinoviruses, coronaviruses
    • coughing, sneezing, runny nose
  6. Pneumococcal pneumonia
    • Common Bacterial Pneomonias
    • Pathogen: Streptococcus pneumoniae- gram-positive ovoid bacterium
    • infected alveoli of lung fill with fluid; interferes with oxygen uptake
  7. Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia
    • Common Bacterial Pneomonias
    • Pathogen: Haemophilus influenzae
  8. Mycoplasmal pneumonia
    • Common Bacterial Pneomonias
    • Pathogen: mycoplasma pneumoniae
    • "Walking" pneumonia
    • mild but persistent respiratory symptoms
    • TETRACYCLINE
  9. Legionellosis
    • Common Bacterial Pneomonias
    • Pathogen: Legionella pneumophilia
    • potentially fatal pneumonia
  10. Psittacosis (ornithosis)
    • Common Bacterial Pneomonias
    • Pathogen: Chlamydophilia psittaci- gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacterium
    • Reservoir: birds
    • TETRACYCLINE
  11. Chlamydial pneumonia
    • Common Bacterial Pneomonias
    • Pathogen: Chlamydophilia pneumoniae
    • mild respiratory illness
    • TETRACYCLINE
  12. Pertussis
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: Bordetella pertussis
    • spasms of intense coughing to clear mucus (whooping cough)
  13. Tuberculosis
    • Bacterial
    • Pathogen: Mycobacterium tuberculosis- slender rod, oligate aerobe
    • cough; blood in mucus
  14. Histoplasmosis
    • Fungal
    • Pathogen: Histoplasma capsulatum- dimorphic fungus, yeastlike morphology
  15. Influenza
    • Viral
    • Pathogen: Infuenzavirus
    • HA spikes- allow the virus to recognize and attach to body cells before infecting them
    • NA spikes- enzymatically help the virus separate from the infected cell as the virus exits after intracellular reproduction

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