Dental Mid Term

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Dental Mid Term
2011-09-16 00:32:26

Dental Mid Term
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  1. Mouth Mirror
    used for vision, retraction, and tissue protection
  2. Explorer
    distinguishes decay
  3. Cotton Pliers
    places cotton rolls
  4. Periodontal Probe
    measures pocket depths
  5. Excavator
    removes soft dentin, debris, and decay
  6. Hatchet
    smoothes walls and floors
  7. Hoe
    smoothes walls and floors
  8. Chisel
    smoothes enamel margin
  9. Gingival Margin Trimmer
    places bevel along gingival margin
  10. Amalgam Carrier
    carries amalgam
  11. Amalgam Condenser
    condenses amalgam
  12. Discoid-Cleoid Carver
    carves amalgam on occlusal surface
  13. Hollenback Carver
    carves amalgam on proximal surfaces
  14. Burnisher
    smoothes and burnishes amalgam
  15. Composite Instrument
    carries and helps adapt composite resin material
  16. 110 Pliers
    carry, place, and remove items
  17. Matrix Retainer
    provides artifical wall
  18. Articulating Paper
    adjusts patients bite
  19. Low-speed Handpiece
    referred to as the straight handpiece; used for finishing, polishing, and contouring procedures
  20. High-speed Handpiece
    during restorative procedures, the bulk of the tooth structure is removed, refinement of the preparation and removal of decay are accomplished
  22. Dental Public Health
    • develop policies at county, state, and national levels for programs to control and prevent disease
    • involved with flouridation issues
    • community oral health education
    • head start programs
    • dental screenings within communities
    • patient = community
  23. Endodontics
    • involves cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases of the pulp and association structures
    • Treatment = root canal (RCT)
    • endodontist
  24. Oral + Maxillofacial Radiology
    • new; granted recognition in 1999 by ADA
    • uses new and sophistocated imaging techniques to locate tumors, infectious disease of the jaw, head, and neck
  25. Periodontics
    • diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the oral tissue
    • periodontist
  26. Oral + Maxillofacial Surgery
    • diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of oral/ maxillofacial region
    • maxillofacial surgeon
  27. Oral Pathology
    • involves nature of diseases affecting oral cavity
    • perform biopsies
    • work closely with oral surgeons
    • oral pathologist
  28. Orthodontics
    • diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of malocculusions of the teeth
    • orthodontist
  29. Pediatric Dentistry
    • oral health care of children
    • often treats children with emotional and behavioral problems
  30. Prosthodontics
    • restoration and replacement of natural teeth with artificial constructs: crowns, bridges, dentures
    • prosthodontist
  31. Diseases of Concern
    • HIV
    • AIDS
    • HEP B
    • TB
  33. Facial
    closest to face aka BUCCAL
  34. Lingual
    closest to the tounge
  35. Incisal
    masticatory surface of anterior teeth
  36. Occlusal
    masticatory surface of posterior teeth
  37. Mesial
    closest to the mid-line
  38. Distal
    farthest from the mid-line
  39. Another name for a temporary crown:
  40. Another word for decay:
  41. PPE:
    Personal Protective Equipment
  42. Order of PPE's:
    • 1. gown
    • 2. mask
    • 3. glasses
    • 4. gloves
  43. Radiolucent
    • shades of gray or black on an x-ray
    • Ex: air spaces
  44. Radiopaque
    • shades of light gray or white on an x-ray
    • Ex: fillings
  45. Surface Barriers:
    • head rest
    • pen
    • mouse
    • keyboard
    • handles
  46. Adult Dentition
    32 teeth; 16 in each arch
  47. Child Dentition
    20 teeth; 10 in each arch
  48. Pathogen
    Microorganism that is capable of causing disease: the link in the chain of infection
  49. The slower the film speed...
    the more radiation required!
  51. Class I:
    • in pits and fissures, occlusal surface, molars and premolars
    • Buccal/ Lingual of molars
    • Lingual of maxillary incisors
  52. Class II:
    • proximal (mesial/distal) of molars and premolars
    • radiograph usually diagnoses
  53. Class III:
    proximal of incisors or canines
  54. Class IV:
    proximal of incisors or canines but involves incisal edge or angle of the tooth
  55. Class V:
    • gingival third of facial or lingual surfaces
    • "smooth surface decay"
  56. Class VI:
    • incisal edge of anterior teeth and cusps of posterior teeth
    • caused by abrasion and defects
  57. Homogenous:
    mixture of two materials that make one.
  58. Cumulative Effect:
    exposure to radiation over your lifetime and the aquiring effects.
  59. Vasoconstrictor:
    • drugs that have been added to the local anesthetic agent to slow down the intake of the anesthetic agent and increase duration of action
    • decreases blood flow in the immediate area of injection *epinephrine
    • contricts blood vessels
    • not safe for people with heart conditions
  60. Pontic:
    an artifical tooth that replaces a missing natural tooth within a bridge
  61. Dot...
    in the slot; facing toward you
  62. Uses for Zinc-oxide Eugenol:
    • Low stregnth base
    • has sedative properties
    • provisional restorations
    • temporary and permanent retention of restoration
  63. Topical Flouride
    • applied directly to the teeth
    • Ex: tooth paste, gel, and mouth rinse
  64. Systemic Flouride:
    • mineral ingested and circulated throughout the body
    • Ex: in our water
  65. Plaque:
    soft deposit on teeth that consists of bacteria
  66. What are base metals?
    • Gold
    • Paladium
  67. What is analgesia?
    • drug that dulls the perception of pain
    • Ex. Nitrous
  68. Material used for final impression:
  69. What is trituration?
    Amalgamator; mixes amalgam
  70. How are bloodbourne pathogens transmitted?
    via the bloodstream
  71. How do you preclean instuments?
    • disinfect
    • pre-soak
    • ultrasonic
  72. Examples of sharps:
    • scalpal
    • needle
    • ortho wires
  73. Indicators of Dental Dam:
    • important infection control protective barrier
    • safeguards patients mouth against contact with debris
    • protects patient from inhaling debris
    • protects tooth from contamination of saliva or debris
    • protects oral cavity from exposure to infectious materials from an open infected tooth
    • provides moisture control
    • isolates tooth
    • provides better visibility
  74. Tray set-up for Dental Dam:
    • material
    • frame
    • napkin
    • lubricant
    • punch
    • stamp
    • forceps
    • clamp
  75. IRM:
    Intermediate Restorative Material
  76. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  77. Pano x-ray:
    full mouth x-ray
  78. When is a gingival retraction cord used?
    Final Impressions
  79. Fx:
  80. Rx:
  81. Tx:
  82. Stimulant:
  83. Depressant:
    valium, alcohol
  84. Benefits of X-rays:
    • detect dental decay
    • identify bone loss
    • locate abnormalities
    • evaluate growth/ developement
    • document patient condition at time
    • obtain info during procedures
  85. Critical Instruments:
    • touch bone/ penetrate soft tissue
    • forceps, scalples, chisels, scalers, burs
  86. Semi-Critical Instruments:
    • touches mucosa
    • mouth mirrors, amalgam condensers
  87. Non-critical Instruements:
    • contact only with intact skin
    • x-ray head
  88. Unit of a fixed bridge:
    indicates the number of teeth involved in the bridge