Govt Ch.6

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haleygreenbean
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102089
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Govt Ch.6
Updated:
2011-09-28 21:28:06
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political participation polls minority groups
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political participation
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  1. public opinion
    distribution of population beliefs about politics and policy issues

    *success is when dif. public opinions channel thru pol. process
  2. demography
    science of population changes
  3. census
    • 1. tool used to measure demography
    • 2. requirement Const. cond. "actual enumeration" of population every 10 years
  4. melting pot
    mixing of cultutres, ideas, people
  5. minority majority
    emergence of new non-white majority
  6. Simpson-Mazzoli Act
    • requires employers to document employee citizenship (and only legal residents)
    • Con: may deter # of jobs (ppl may judge and not hire ppl who appear they could be illegal)
  7. political values
    overall share of values amns share in general
  8. reapportionment
    reallocating H.O.R. seats to census every 10 years
  9. political socialization
    • process thru which individual acquires knowledge, feelings, evaluations, regarding hir/her pol. world
    • Biggest Influences:
    • 1. Family
    • 2. Mass Media
    • 3. School
  10. sample
    small proportion of ppl who represent whole
  11. random sampling
    • everyone has an equal probablility of being in the sample
    • key to accuracy of sampling
  12. sampling error
    the level of confidence of sampling
  13. random didit-dialing
    • telephone poll dialing using listed & non-listed
    • Pro: 1/5 of cost of person-person interview
    • CON: 7%ppl don't have phone
    • easier to say no on phone
  14. Role of poles
    • detect public preferences
    • PRO: knowing this-> closer to democracy
    • quicker way of knowing ppl's opinions
    • CON: may lead to leaders following polls rather than leading
    • may discourage bold leadership
    • bandwagon
  15. exit poll
    public opinion surveys that ask for 1/10 for voting outcomes before determined winner
  16. public cynicism
    • 1.healthy dose keeps pol. on toes
    • 2.a > amount may suggest lack of nat'l govt reliability
  17. political ideology
    • a coherent set of beliefs about public policy
    • ex: Liberals for equality thru central govt
  18. gender gap
    • regular pattern women more likely to support Democrats
    • Origin: 1980 w/ Reagan & Carter election
    • 1984- most lop-sided vote
    • 1996- 1st time wmn determined the election
    • wmn more Dem. bc:
    • 1. red. military
    • 2. fewer criminal penalties
    • 3. more env. protection
    • 4. greater govt role in securing social (welfare, S.S., ) & economic equality
  19. political participation
    • activities citizens can engage in to influence
    • (most common = voting)
    • conventional: widely accepted modes of influencing gov't
    • Ex/ voting, petition, office running
    • unconventional: actions= dramatic
    • EX/ violence, protesting, civil disobediance
  20. protest
    form of pol. participatn for achieving policy change thru dramatic and unconventional tactics
  21. civil disobedience
    • to consciously break the law that is believed = unjust
    • (sometines violent)
    • Ex/Henry David Thoreau refused to pay his taxes
  22. Patterns in participation
    HIGHER participation: higher $ class, (specifically whites)
  23. scope of govt
    • 42% ppl didn't even consider this
    • ideological conservatives, operational liberals
    • leads to policy gridlock
  24. voter apathy
    individual's belief that gov't, politics, doesn't effect their lives
  25. political efficacy
    belief= pol part. MATTERS - a vote can make the difference
  26. Motor Voter Act of 993
    • when renew license, suggest to regisrate for voting
    • E: Increase in regisration nationwide (1/3 source of registration)
  27. suffrage
    • right to vote
    • wmn: 19th- 1920
    • blacks: 15th -1870
    • -poll tax eliminated: 24th
    • 18-20 yr olds: 26th - 1971
    • popular election of senators: 17th- 1913
    • loops to get around outlawed by supreme courts
    • ex/: white primaries, gpa clauses, poll tax
  28. 1965 voting Rights Act
    • Increased black vote over 10 years
    • suspended literacy tests
    • more Southern officials to register minorities
    • criminal penalties w/ interfering w/ right to vote
  29. Voting Rights Act of 1970
    (after Vietnam war, huge support for young ppl)
  30. 23rd
    gave D.O.C. residents right to vote in pres. elections
  31. most imp. issues for men
    • 1. crime
    • 2. taxes
    • 3. welfare and economy
  32. nomination
    • party's official endorsement of a candidate for office
    • Requires:
    • 1. $
    • 2. media attention
    • 3. momentum
  33. campaign strategy
    candidate uses to achieve nomination
  34. national party convention:
    to select P & VP
  35. caucus
    a meeting of all state party leaders for selecting delegates
  36. presidential primaries
    • coters in a state go to polls & vote for candidate/delegates pledged to that candidate
    • (local level)
  37. McGovern-Fraser Commission (fd. 1968 @ Dm. Conv.)
    • in reaction for reform by minority groups and others who sought better representation
    • 1. No party leaders select delegates
    • 2. open selection
    • 3. states resort to holding primary election

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