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  1. Bruit
    blowing, swooshing sound heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially occluded.
  2. Cyanosis
    dusky blue mottling of the skin and mucous membranes due to excessive amount of reduced hemoglobin in the blood.
  3. Ischemia
    deficiency of arterial blood to a body part due to constriction of obstruction of a blood vessel.
  4. Lymph nodes
    • small oval clumps of lymphatic tissue located at grouped intervals along lymphatic vessels.
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  5. Pitting edema
    • indentatoin left after examiner depresses the skin over swollen edematous tissue.
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  6. Profile sign
    • viewing the finger from the side to detect early clubbing.
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  7. Pulse
    pressure wave created by each heartbeat, palpable at body sites where the artery lies close to the skin and over a bone.
  8. Thrombophlebitis
    • inflammation of the vein associated with thrombus formation.
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  9. Varicose vein
    • dilated tortuous veins with incompetent valves.
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  10. Ulcer
    open skin lesion extending into dermis with sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue.
  11. Homan's sign
    calf pain that occurs when the foot is sharply dorsiflexed (pushed up, toward the knee); may occur with deep vein thrombosis, phlebitis, Achilles tendinitis, or muscle injury.
  12. Anorexia
    loss of appetite for food.
  13. Boborygmi
    loud, gurgling bowel sounds sign signaling increased motility or hyperperistalsis, occurs with early bowel obstruction, gastroenteritis, diarrhea.
  14. Bruit
    blowing, swooshing sound heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially occluded.
  15. Cecum
    • first or proximal part of large intestine.
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  16. Costal margin
    lower border of rib margin formed by the medial edges of the 8th, 9th, and 10th ribs.
  17. Costovertebral angle (CVA)
    • angle formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax, overlying the kidney.
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  18. Dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing.
  19. Epigastrium
    • name of abdominal region between the costal margins.
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  20. Rectus abdominus muscle
    midline abdominal muscles extending from rib cage to pubic bone.
  21. Scaphoid
    • abnormally sunken abdominal wall as with malnutrition or underweight.
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  22. Striae
    • (lineae albicantes) silvery white or pink scar tissue formed by stretching of abdominal skin as with pregnancy or obesity.
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  23. Suprapubic
    • name of abdominal region just superior to pubic bone.
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  24. Tympany
    high-pitched, musical, drumlike percussion note heard when percussing over the stomach and intestine.
  25. Umbilicus
    depression on the abdomen marking site of entry of umbilical cord.
  26. Viscera
    • internal organs.
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  27. Phimosis
    foreskin is advanced and tightly fixed over the glans penis.
  28. Prepuce
    (foreskin) the hood or flap of skin over the glans penis that often is surgically removed after birth by circumcision.
  29. Spermatic cord
    • collection of vas deferens, blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves that ascends along the testis and through the inguinal canal into the abdomen.
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  30. Vas deferens
    • duct carrying sperm from the epididymis through the abdomen and then into the urethra.
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  31. Hernia
    weak spot in abdominal muscle wall (usually in area of inguinal canal or femoral canal) through which a loop of bowel may protrude.
  32. Hemorrhoid
    • flabby papules of skin or mucous membrane in the anal region caused by a varicose vein of the hemorrhoidal plexus.
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  33. Melena
    blood in the stool.
  34. Pruritus
    itching or burning sensation in the skin.
  35. Steatorrhea
    excessive fat in the stool as in GI malabsorption of fat.
  36. Fissue
  37. Amenorrhea
    absence of menstruation; termed secondary amenorrhea when menstruation has begun and then ceases; most common cause is pregnancy.
  38. Bartholin's glands
    • vestibular glands, located on either side of the vaginal orifice, that secrete a clear lubricating mucus during intercourse.
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  39. Clitoris
    small, elongated erectile tissue in the female, located at anterior juncture of labia minora.
  40. Dysmenorrhea
    abdominal cramping and pain associated with menstruation.
  41. Dysuria
    painful urination.
  42. Hematuria
    red-tinged or bloody urine.
  43. Vulva
    • external genitalia of female.
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  44. Leukorrhea
    whitish or yellowish discharge from vaginal orifice.
  45. Menarche
    onset of first menstruation, usually between 11 and 13 years of age.
  46. Menopause
    cessation of the menses, usually occurring around 48 to 51 years of age.
  47. Menorrhagia
    excessively heavy menstrual flow.
  48. Papanicolaou test
    painless test used to detect cervical cancer.
  49. Polyp
    • cervical polyp is bright red, soft, pedunculated growth emerging from os.
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Card Set:
2011-09-19 00:34:00

Chapter: 20, 21, 24, 25, 26
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