vertebrae ribs, girdles

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
102257
Filename:
vertebrae ribs, girdles
Updated:
2011-09-17 03:34:14
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lab test
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Description:
anatomy
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  1. atlas (C1)
    • cervical vertebrae
    • supports the head
  2. axis (C2)
    • cervical vertebrae
    • allow the head to pivit
  3. dens
    • cervical vertebrae-axis
    • odontioid process to rotate head
  4. transverse foramen
    vertebral artery, vein, and nerve pass through
  5. how many cervicle vertebrae are there?
    7
  6. superior demifacet
    articulates with the ribs
  7. inferior demifacits
    articulates with ribs
  8. whole facet for head of rib
    articulates with the head of the rib
  9. facet for tubercle of rib
    supports the rib
  10. how many thoracic vertebrae are there?
    12
  11. Lumbar vertebrae
    • 5
    • largest body, blunt
  12. sacral canal
    passage way for the spinal cord
  13. articular surface
    • of the sacrum
    • articulates with ilium of each hip bone
  14. median sacral crest
    • sacrum
    • muscle attachment for sacrum muscles
  15. sacral fomina
    • sacrum
    • passage of nerves and blood vessels
  16. apex
    • sacrum
    • attachment point to the coccyx
  17. sacral cornua
    • sacrum-apex
    • ligament attachment spot of coccygeal cornua
  18. base
    articulates with the lumbar vertebrae
  19. how many sacrum bones?
    5 fused into 1
  20. coccygeal cornua
    attachment point of sacral cornua by ligaments
  21. traverse processes
    • coccyx
    • attachment point for gluteal muscles
  22. manubrium
    • sternum
    • supports rib 1
  23. body
    • sternum
    • supports ribs 2-10
  24. xiphoid
    • sternum
    • attachment point for abdominal muscles
  25. head
    • rib
    • articulates with vertebral demifaucets
  26. articular facet
    of the typical rib
  27. neck
    • rib
    • connects head and tubercle
  28. tubercle
    articulates with the transverse process
  29. articular facet of he tubercle
    • rib
    • articulates with facet of transverse process of thoracic vertebrae
  30. angle
    • rib
    • protects the posterior sides of the lungs
  31. body
    • rib
    • protection of the anterior portion of the lungs and heart
  32. costal cartilages
    • rib
    • connect ribs to sternum with hyaline cartilage
  33. ribs 1 2 11 12
    • small/floating
    • 11, 12 protects the kidneys
  34. clavicle
    • pectoral girdle
    • props shoulder joint away from ribcage
  35. conoid tubercle
    • pectoral girdle
    • point of attachment for the conoid ligament
  36. infra/supraspinous fossa
    serve as an attachment point for shoulder muscles
  37. glenoid cavity
    to support the shoulder joint
  38. caracoid process
    muscle attachment site for shoulder muscles
  39. subscapular fossa
    attachment surface for subscapularis muscles.
  40. ilium
    muscle attachment ste for buttox muscles
  41. articular surface
    • of ilium
    • articulates with the sacrum
  42. ishium
    muscle attachment site for thigh muscles
  43. ischial tuberosity
    attachment site for thigh muscles
  44. symphsis pubis
    joint between the twp hip bones
  45. acetabulum
    supports the head of the femur
  46. obutator foramen
    attachment site for pelvis muscles and obturator nerve

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