Psychology Ch.5

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Psychology Ch.5
2011-09-17 14:53:59
Chapter review

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  1. What is Selective attention?
    The focus of consciousness on a particuler stimulas.
  2. What is Direct inner awareness?
    Knowleadge of one's own thoughts, feelings, and memories.
  3. What is Preconscious?
    In psychodynamic theory, descriptive of material that is not awareness but can be brought into awareness by focusing one's attention.
  4. What is Unconscious?
    In psychodynamic theory, descriptive of ideas and feelings that are not available to awareness. Also without consciousness.
  5. What is Repression?
    In psychodynamic thoery, the unconscious ejection of anxiety evoking ideas, impulses, or images out of awareness.
  6. What is Suppression?
    The deliberate, or conscious, placing of ceritan ideas, impulses, or images out of awareness.
  7. What is Nonconscious
    Descriptive of bodily processes such as the growing of hair, of which we cannot become conscious. We may "recognize" that our hair is growing but cannot directly experience the biological process.
  8. What is Cricadian rytham?
    A cycle that is connected with the 24 hour period of the earth's rotation. (From Latin circa, meaning "about", and dies, meaning "day".)
  9. What is Alpa waves?
    Rapid low-amplitute brain waves that have been linked to feelings of relaxation.
  10. What is Non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep?
    Stages of sleep 1 through 4.
  11. What is Rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep?
    A stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements, which have been linked to dreaming.
  12. What is Theta waves?
    Slow brain waves produced during the hypnagogic state.
  13. What is Delta waves?
    Strong, slow brain waves usually emitted during stage 4 sleep.
  14. What is Activision-synthesis model?
    The view that dreams reflect activision of cognitive activity by the reticular activating system and synthesis of this activity into a pattern by the cerebral cortex.
  15. What is Narcolepsy?
    A "sleep attack" in which a person falls asleep suddenly and irresistibly.
  16. What is Apnea?
    Temporary absence or cessation of breating. (From Greek and Latin roots meaning "without" and "breating".)
  17. What is Sleep terrors?
    Frightening dreamlike experiences that occur during the deepest stage of NREM sleep. Nightmares, in contrast, occur during REM sleep.
  18. What is Hypnosis?
    A condition in which people are highly suggestible and behave as though they are in a trance.
  19. What is Role Theory?
    A theory that explains hypnotic events in terms of the person's ability to act as though he or she were hypnotized.
  20. What is Response set theory?
    The view that response expectancies play a key role in the production of the experiences suggested by the hypnotist.
  21. What is Transcedental meditation (TM)?
    The simplified form of meditation brought to the United States by the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and used as a method for coping with stress.
  22. What is Mindfulness meditation (MM)?
    A form of meditation that provides clients with techniques they can use to fucus on the present moment rather than ruminate about prolems.
  23. What is Biofeedback Training?
    The systematic feeding back to an organism information about a bodily function so that the organism can gain control of that function.
  24. What is Electromyograph (EMG)?
    An instrument that measures muscle tensions.
  25. What is Avatar?
    An image representing a user in a multi-user virtual reality space.
  26. What is Flow?
    An altered state of consciousness that people may experience when deeply involoved in an enjoyable activity.
  27. What is Internet Addiction?
    A self-defeating behavior pattern in which one is preoccupied with going online to the extent that is disrupts one's functioning in the real world.
  28. What is Depressant?
    A drug that lowers the rate of activity of the nervous system.
  29. What is Stimulant?
    A drug that increases activity of the nervous system.
  30. What is Substance abuse?
    Persistant use of a substance even though it is cuasing or compounding problems in meeting the demands of life.
  31. What is Substance dependence?
    Loss of control over use of a substance. Biologically speaking, dependence is typified by tolerance, withdrawl symptoms, or both.
  32. What is Tolerence?
    Habituation to a drug, with the result that increasingly higher doses of the drug are needed to achieve similar effects.
  33. What is Withdrawl symptoms?
    A characteristic cluster of symptoms that results from sudden decrease in an addictive drugs level usage.
  34. What is Opiates?
    A group of narcotics derived from the opium poppy that provide a euphoric rush and depress the nervous system.
  35. What is Narcotics?
    Drugs used to relieve pain and indruce sleep. The term is usually reserved for opiates.
  36. What is Opioids
    Chemicals that act on opiate receptors but are not derived from the opuim poppy.
  37. What is Barbiturate?
    An addictive depressant used to relieve anxiety or induce sleep.
  38. What is Amphetamines?
    Stimulants derived from alpha-methyl-beta-phenyl-ethyl-anime, a colorless liquid consisting of arbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen.
  39. What is Hydrocarbons?
    Chemical compounds consisting of hydrogen and carbon.
  40. What is Second-hand-smoke?
    Smoke from the tabacco products and exhalations of other people.
  41. What is Hallucinogen?
    A substance that cuases hallucinations.
  42. What is Marijuana?
    The dried vegetable matter of the cannabis sativa plant.
  43. What is LSD?
    Lysergic acid diethylamide; a hallucinogen.
  44. What is Flashbacks?
    Distorted perceptions or hallucinations that occur days or weeks after LSD usage but mimic the LSD experience.
  45. What is Mescaline?
    A hallucinogen derived from the mescal (peyote) cactus.
  46. What is Phenocyclidine (PCP)?
    Another hallucinogen whose name is an acronym for its chemical structure.