Sect. 1

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Author:
lacythecoolest
ID:
102316
Filename:
Sect. 1
Updated:
2011-09-17 18:39:48
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Therapeutics III
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68Q
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  1. *w/glucosamine to treat osteoarthritis
    Chondroitin
  2. *Treats <3 *prevents muscle soreness *may reduce warfarin effects
    Coenzyme Q10
  3. *works against meds that depress the immune system *treats colds
    Echinacea
  4. *treats high cholesterol & triglycerides *helps with coronary artery disease
    Fish/Oil
  5. *treats hypertension & high cholesterol *may decrease effectiveness of isoniazid (tb drug) *may decrease effectiveness of contraceptives
    Garlic
  6. *resist stress *stop the aging *protects from tissue injury *increases energy *increase or decrease warfarin effects
    Ginseng
  7. *antidepressant *Clopidogrel gets converted to its more active form, can cause bleeding
    St. John's Wort
  8. Two general categories of poisoning cases
    Intentional Accidental
  9. 3 types of intentional poisoning
    Suicide/attempted suicide Child abuse Homicide/attemped homicide
  10. 3 types of Accidental Poisoning
    Drug intoxication Naivete Errors
  11. 4 ways poison can enter into the body
    Inhalation Injection Topical Application Ingestion
  12. Oral Contraceptives Inhalation aerosols Questran and colestipol sublingual prednisone
    Exceptions to Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970
  13. 3 minimizing agents
    Ipecac Activated Charcoal Cathartics
  14. *used to help hepatotoxicity *Mucomyst is an example
    Acetylcysteine
  15. *serum to treat venomous bites or stings *Crotalidae
    Antivenom
  16. *anitcholinesterase inhibitor, cholinergic, and organophosphate poisonings *insecticide or nerve gas poisonings *Atropine Sulfate Injection
    Atropine
  17. *The name "BAL" for British anti-lewisite
    Dimercaprol
  18. *treats benzodiazeine *romazicon
    Flumazenil
  19. *antiseptic and oxidation or reduction properties *treats methemoglbinemia *used for surgical marking and fistula location
    Methylene Blue
  20. Caused by abnormal cell growth that may be stimulated by various factors.
    Cancer
  21. Causes of Cancer
    Radiation Sunlight Viruses Substances Smoking
  22. Cancers that originate in the bone marrow, lymphatic system, and other cells dealing with blood and immune
    HEmatologic Cancers
  23. Cencers that originate in solid tissues other than the bone marrow, lymphatic system and cells dealing with the blood and immune process
    Non-hematologic cancers
  24. A new abnormal tissue growth that grows more rapidly than normal tissue
    Neoplasm
  25. A type of neoplasm that may be benign or malignant
    A Tumor
  26. Slow growing and unlikely to spread
    Benign
  27. Fast growing and likely to spread
    Malignant
  28. Process by which normal cells are turned into cancer cells
    Carcinogenesis
  29. Any substance directly involved in the promotion of cancer
    Carcinogen
  30. Suppressor genes protect the cell from abnormal growth and cancer
    Tumor suppressor genes
  31. Genes, that once mutated, can promote the formation of cancer
    Oncogenes
  32. Certain chemicals and viruses that can permanently change DNA, increase the risk for developing cancer
    Environmental carcinogens
  33. Examples of physical carcinogens
    Ionizing radiation and ultraviolet light
  34. 5 types of Carcinogens
    Environmental Chemical Radiation Biologic *other
  35. Agent include viruses
    Biologic
  36. The other risk factors for developing cancer
    gender, diet, and chronic irritation and inflammation, age
  37. Tumor cells that originate from epithelial tissues Surface of your body and organs like epithelial tissues are large/small intestines, ovaries, epididymis, and larynx
    Carcinoma
  38. Tumor cells that originate from connective tissues, such as bone and muscle
    Sarcoma
  39. Tumor cell tissues that include tonsils, lymph nodes, and spleen
    Lymphoma
  40. Tumor cells associated with diseases like lung and prostate cancers
    Adenocarcinoma
  41. Blasts
    White Blood Cells
  42. A cancer that arises from a part of the immune system called the plasma cell
    Multiple Myeloma
  43. Anenocarcinoma and forms in the tissues of the prostrate
    Prostate Cancer
  44. Breast cancer is usually..........
    A carcinoma
  45. A therapy that cannot differentiate between healthy and cancerous cells
    Chemotherapy
  46. A therapy that acts by killing cells both normal and cancerous.
    Cytotoxic Therapy
  47. A therapy that slows or suppresses the growth of cancer cells
    Cytostatic Therapy
  48. A therapy that uses hormones to prevent cancer cell growth by "starving" them
    Hormonal Therapy
  49. A therapy that destroys cancer cells by the use of waves of subatomic particles such as gamma rays or X-rays
    Radiation
  50. Common side effects of cancer medication regimens:
    • Nausea
    • Hair Loss
    • Myelosuppression
  51. Factors of Chemotherapy
    • 1. Death of healthy cells
    • 2. Activation of a part of the brain called the chemo trigger zone
    • 3. Sensory affects
  52. The term that describes how likely a drug is to cause emesis
    Emetogenicity
  53. Damage to the heart tissue
    Cardiotoxicity
  54. Nerve pain, tingling or burning in the hands and feet
    Peripheral Neuropathy
  55. Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the mouth and throat
    Mucositis
  56. Damage to the liver
    Hepatotoxicity
  57. Damage to the kidneys
    Nephrotoxicity
  58. Closely related to substances required by the cell, block its metabolism and growth
    Antimetabolites
  59. Acts as a folic acid antagonist
    Methotrexate (Rheumatrex)
  60. Methotrexate
    Rheumatrex
  61. What is Methotrexate (Rheumatrex) used for?
    • Autoimmune diseases
    • Antineoplastic
  62. The antidote for Methotrexate - Rheumatrex
    Calcium Leucovorin - oral, IV, IM
  63. Which antineoplastic drug is the only one to have an antidote?
    Methotrexate - Rheumatrex
  64. An example of "rational" drug design used for colon and breast cancer
    Fluorouracil - Efudex
  65. Which drug causes nausea/vomiting and bone marrow depression?
    Chlorambucil - Leukeran
  66. Chlorambucil
    Leukeran
  67. LHRH angonists
    GnRH agonists
  68. GnRH agonist work by stimulating the release of.........initially then the feedback shuts off further testosterone production to................This causes ............ ..............of the bodies testosterone in treatment of cancer.
    • LH/FSH
    • Castration levels
    • Complete depletion

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