Bones & Lymph & skin & digestion
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What are the 5 functions of the skeleton,
Scull, spine, thorax, pelvic girdle
2.SHAPE & SUPPORT
- Bone, Cartridge, Ligaments
Tendons & Contraction of muscles
Calcium, Phosphorus, Fat
5.PRODUCTION OF BLOOD CELLS
Red Bone Marrow Cancellous Bone Tissue
How many vertebra (bones) of the spine are there?
Name the Vertebra bones & how many of each?
7 x CERVICAL BONES (Atlas vertebra & Axis vertebra)
12 x THORACIC BONES (Ribs attached)
5 x LUMBAR BONES (Lower back)
5 x SACRUM Fused Bones (Base of spine)
5 x COCCYX Fused Bones (Tail bones)
Describe 3 types of Ribs & where are they situated?
1. TRUE RIBS
7 x Pairs attached to Sternum
2. FALSE RIBS
3 x Pairs attached to upper ribs
3. FLOATING RIBS
2 x Pairs attached to the back of the body
Name the 5 Main Lymph nodes of the body (Diagram requirement)
1. CERVICAL (neck)
2. AXILLARY (armpit)
3. ABDOMINAL (spleen)
4. INGUINAL (groin)
5. POPLITEAL (back of knee)
Name the 8 major LYMPH of the Body
1. OCCIPITAL (head)
2. SUPERFICIAL CERVICAL (back of neck)
3. SUBMINDIBULAR (throat)
4. DEEP CERVICAL (lower neck)
5. AXILLARY (arm pit)
6. ABDOMINAL NODES (abdomen)
7. SUPERFICIAL INGUINAL GLANDS (groin)
8. POPLITEAL GLANDS (knee)
Name the 4 major lymph nodes of the head & neck? where are they found?
1. AURICULAR NODES (ears)
2. TONSILS & ADENOIDS (throat)
3. SUBMANDIBULAR NODES (neck)
4.CERVICAL NODES (lower neck/chest)
What are the 7 functions of the skin?
1. S = SENSITIVITY
nerve endings warnings to heat, cold & pain
2. H = HEAT REGULATION
Dilation of blood capillaries
3. A = ABSORPTION
Hair follicle, Sebaceous gland & skin
P = PROTECTION
- Stratum Corneum - replace & repair WaterproofE = ELIMINATION
6. S = SECRETION
Sebaceous scretion (sebum) & perspiration
7. VITAMIN D
What are the 5 layers of the STRATUM of the EPIDERMIS
1. CORNEUM (Horny)
2. LUCIDUM (Clear)
3. GRANULUSM (Granules)
4. SPINOSM (Prickle)
5. GERMINATIRUM (Basal)
Describe the dermis (What does it contain? ) & where is it found?
white fibrous tissue
yellow elastic fribres
- Thicker in men that in women
- Found on the soles of the feet & palms of the hands
What are the 2 layers of the Dermis called?
1. PAPILLARY LAYER
2. RECTICULAR LAYER
Name the 8 Cell Diagram Labels
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
What are the 4 functions of the digestive system?
CLUE - I.D.E.A!
1. INDIGESTION - Taking in food/chewing & breaking food down
2. DIGESTION - Breaking down from pieces in mouth to minute particles we can absorb
3. ABSORPTION - Process of passing nutrients from alimentary canal into circulation system.(stomach small intestines& large intestines)
4. ELIMINATION - Release of indigestible food from the body as waste
Name the 3 Major Bones of the face.(diagram labels)
MAXILLE (2 bones) top lip
MANDIBLE (1 bone) lower jaw
ZYGOMATIC (2 bones) Side of jaw
Name the 4 Major bones of the scull (diagram labels)
FRONTAL - Front
OCCIPITAL - Back
TEMPORAL - Side
PARIETAL - Top
Name the 8 Major bones of the Shoulder Girdle & Arm.
RADIUS (to thumb)
CARPALS (8 bones)
METACARPALS (5 bones)
PHALANGES (14 bones)
Name the 9 body parts relevant to Respiration
What are the functions of the Lymph?
CLUE - Rediculous Lieann Fat Depressed & Angry
Returns fluid & proteins from tissue to blood
Transports Lymphocytes into circulation
Fatty Foods removed from intestines
Destroys & Filters out micro organisms
Antibodies produced to prevent infection
What are the 3 parts to the Nervous System?
Central Nervous System
Brain & Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerves Linking Various parts of the body (with CNS - Concious Control)
Autonomic Nervous System
(Not under Concious Control)
Sympathetic Nervous System
Body for action
Body for rest
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