Bones & Lymph & skin & digestion

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mabbyloo
ID:
10240
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Bones & Lymph & skin & digestion
Updated:
2010-03-20 08:46:15
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Bones & Lymph & skin & digestion
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NVQ3 HOLISTIC THERAPY
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  1. What are the 5 functions of the skeleton,
    1.PROTECTION

    Scull, spine, thorax, pelvic girdle

    2.SHAPE & SUPPORT

    • Bone, Cartridge, Ligaments
    • 3.MOVEMENT

    Tendons & Contraction of muscles

    4.STORAGE

    Calcium, Phosphorus, Fat

    5.PRODUCTION OF BLOOD CELLS

    Red Bone Marrow Cancellous Bone Tissue
  2. How many vertebra (bones) of the spine are there?
    33 VERTEBRA
  3. Name the Vertebra bones & how many of each?
    7 x CERVICAL BONES (Atlas vertebra & Axis vertebra)

    12 x THORACIC BONES (Ribs attached)

    5 x LUMBAR BONES (Lower back)

    5 x SACRUM Fused Bones (Base of spine)

    5 x COCCYX Fused Bones (Tail bones)
  4. Describe 3 types of Ribs & where are they situated?
    1. TRUE RIBS

    7 x Pairs attached to Sternum

    2. FALSE RIBS

    3 x Pairs attached to upper ribs

    3. FLOATING RIBS

    2 x Pairs attached to the back of the body
  5. Name the 5 Main Lymph nodes of the body (Diagram requirement)
    1. CERVICAL (neck)

    2. AXILLARY (armpit)

    3. ABDOMINAL (spleen)

    4. INGUINAL (groin)

    5. POPLITEAL (back of knee)
  6. Name the 8 major LYMPH of the Body
    1. OCCIPITAL (head)

    2. SUPERFICIAL CERVICAL (back of neck)

    3. SUBMINDIBULAR (throat)

    4. DEEP CERVICAL (lower neck)

    5. AXILLARY (arm pit)

    6. ABDOMINAL NODES (abdomen)

    7. SUPERFICIAL INGUINAL GLANDS (groin)

    8. POPLITEAL GLANDS (knee)
  7. Name the 4 major lymph nodes of the head & neck? where are they found?
    1. AURICULAR NODES (ears)

    2. TONSILS & ADENOIDS (throat)

    3. SUBMANDIBULAR NODES (neck)

    4.CERVICAL NODES (lower neck/chest)
  8. What are the 7 functions of the skin?
    S.H.A.P.E.S

    1. S = SENSITIVITY

    nerve endings warnings to heat, cold & pain

    2. H = HEAT REGULATION

    Dilation of blood capillaries

    3. A = ABSORPTION

    Hair follicle, Sebaceous gland & skin

    • 4. P = PROTECTION
    • Stratum Corneum - replace & repair Waterproof

    5.
    E = ELIMINATION

    Sweat

    6.
    S = SECRETION

    Sebaceous scretion (sebum) & perspiration

    7
    . VITAMIN D
  9. What are the 5 layers of the STRATUM of the EPIDERMIS
    1. CORNEUM (Horny)

    2. LUCIDUM (Clear)

    3. GRANULUSM (Granules)

    4. SPINOSM (Prickle)

    5. GERMINATIRUM (Basal)
  10. Describe the dermis (What does it contain? ) & where is it found?
    Composed of

    white fibrous tissue

    &

    yellow elastic fribres

    • Thicker in men that in women
    • Found on the soles of the feet & palms of the hands
  11. What are the 2 layers of the Dermis called?
    1. PAPILLARY LAYER

    2. RECTICULAR LAYER
  12. Name the 8 Cell Diagram Labels
    Ribsomes

    Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

    Cytoplasm

    Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    Nucleus

    Cell Membrane

    Golgi Apparatus

    Mitochondria
  13. What are the 4 functions of the digestive system?
    CLUE - I.D.E.A!

    1. INDIGESTION - Taking in food/chewing & breaking food down

    2.
    DIGESTION - Breaking down from pieces in mouth to minute particles we can absorb

    3.
    ABSORPTION - Process of passing nutrients from alimentary canal into circulation system.(stomach small intestines& large intestines)

    4.
    ELIMINATION - Release of indigestible food from the body as waste
  14. Name the 3 Major Bones of the face.(diagram labels)
    MAXILLE (2 bones) top lip

    MANDIBLE (1 bone) lower jaw

    ZYGOMATIC (2 bones) Side of jaw
  15. Name the 4 Major bones of the scull (diagram labels)
    FRONTAL - Front

    OCCIPITAL - Back

    TEMPORAL - Side

    PARIETAL - Top
  16. Name the 8 Major bones of the Shoulder Girdle & Arm.
    CLAVICLE

    SCAPULA

    HUMERUS

    ULNA

    RADIUS (to thumb)

    CARPALS (8 bones)

    METACARPALS (5 bones)

    PHALANGES (14 bones)
  17. Name the 9 body parts relevant to Respiration
    Nose

    Pharynx

    Larynx

    Trachea

    Diaphram

    Two Bronchi

    Bronchioles

    Two Lungs

    Intercostal Muscles
  18. What are the functions of the Lymph?
    CLUE - Rediculous Lieann Fat Depressed & Angry

    Returns fluid & proteins from tissue to blood

    Transports Lymphocytes into circulation

    Fatty Foods removed from intestines

    Destroys & Filters out micro organisms

    Antibodies produced to prevent infection
  19. What are the 3 parts to the Nervous System?
    1. CNS

    Central Nervous System

    Brain & Spinal Cord

    2. PNS

    Peripheral Nervous System

    Nerves Linking Various parts of the body (with CNS - Concious Control)

    3. ANS

    Autonomic Nervous System

    (Not under Concious Control)

    Sympathetic Nervous System

    Body for action

    Parasympathetic

    Body for rest

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