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- o –
- is any intentional threat to bring about harmful or offensive contact. No
- actual contact is necessary.
- o -
- is any intentional touching without consent. The contact can be harmful to the
- client and cause an injury, or it can be merely offensive to client’s personal
- dignity. A battery always includes and assault, which is why the terms assault
- and battery are commonly combined.
defamtion of character
- - is the
- publication of false statements that result in damage to a person’s reputation
- means that the person publishing the information
- knows it is false and publishes it anyway or publishes it with reckless
- disregard as to the truth
- occurs when one verbalizes the false
- statement. For example if a nurse tells
- people erroneously that a client has venereal disease and the disclosure
- affects the client’s business, the nurse is liable for slander
- is the written defamation of character. Charting false entries is another example
- of defamation.
invasion of privacy
- o protect
- the client’s right to be free from unwanted intrusion into his or her private
- affairs. HIPPA- sets forth standards indicating that clients are entitled to
- confidential health care.
- o occurs
- with unjustified restraining of a
- person without legal warrant. For
- example, this occurs when nurses restrain a client in a bounded area to keep
- the person from freedom.
- to do or speak something that is not true of
- is conduct that falls below a standard of care.
- Example, if a driver of a car acts unreasonably in failing to stop at a stop
- sign, it is negligence.
- – is
- one type of negligence and often referred to as professional negligence. When
- nursing care falls below a standard of care, nursing malpractice results.
- nurse must have (or should have had) a relationship with the client that
- involves providing care and following an acceptable standard of care.
breach of duty
- There must be a standard of care that is
- expected in the specific situation but that the nurse did not observe.
- It must be proved that the harm occurred as a
- direct result of the nurse’s failure to follow the standard of care and the
- nurse could have ( or should have) known that failure to follow the standard of
- care could result in such harm.
- If malpractice caused the injury, the nurse is
- held liable for damages that may be compensated. The goal of awarding damages is to assist the
- injured party to his or her original position so far as financially possible.
- - something of worth; a belief held dearly by a
- is the individual expressions the unpredictable
- twists an turns that our in influence value formation. A person who suffers great loss early in life
- sometimes grows to value things differently than someone whose life has been
- free of suffering.
- the rules or principles that govern right
- occurs when there is a conflict in values. is a complex situation that will often
- involve an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey
- one would result in transgressing another.
- the state of being independent and self-directed
- without outside control, to make one's own decisions.
- the moral obligation to do good or to implement
- actions that benefit clients and their support persons.
- the duty to do no harm
the quality or state of being true.
- entrusted with private or restricted
- - a moral principle which obligates the individual
- to be faithful to agreements and responsibilities one has undertaken.
- Culture -
- the customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation,
- people, or other social group. – is a complex whole in which each part is
- related to every other part. It is
- learned, and the capacity to learn culture is genetic, but the subject matter
- is not genetic and must be learned by each person in his or her family and social
- - classification of people
- according to shared biologic characteristics and physical features.
- refers to a person’s general way of living,
- including living conditions and individual patterns of behavior that are
- influenced by sociocultural factors and personal characteristics. Lifestyle choices may have a positive or
- negative effect on health.
- - is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common
- heritage, often consisting of a common language, a common culture (often
- including a shared religion) and an ideology that stresses common ancestry or
- ethnic traits, background, allegiance, or
- association. A group within the social system that claims to possess variable
- traits such as a common religion or language
- usually composed of people who have a distinct
- identity and yet are related to a larger cultural group.
- is the tendency to believe that one's ethnic or
- cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured
- in relation to one's own. Is the belief that one’s own culture or way of life
- is better than that of others.
- assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic
- group are alike.
- is a political response to the demographic fact
- of multi-ethnicity which encourages absorption of the minority into the
- dominant culture. Assimilation means becoming like members of the dominant