legal and ethics

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legal and ethics
2011-09-17 22:46:53
legal ethics

definition terms
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  1. assault
    • o –
    • is any intentional threat to bring about harmful or offensive contact. No
    • actual contact is necessary.
  2. battery
    • o -
    • is any intentional touching without consent. The contact can be harmful to the
    • client and cause an injury, or it can be merely offensive to client’s personal
    • dignity. A battery always includes and assault, which is why the terms assault
    • and battery are commonly combined.
  3. defamtion of character
    • - is the
    • publication of false statements that result in damage to a person’s reputation
  4. malice
    • means that the person publishing the information
    • knows it is false and publishes it anyway or publishes it with reckless
    • disregard as to the truth
  5. Slander
    • occurs when one verbalizes the false
    • statement. For example if a nurse tells
    • people erroneously that a client has venereal disease and the disclosure
    • affects the client’s business, the nurse is liable for slander
  6. Libel
    • is the written defamation of character. Charting false entries is another example
    • of defamation.
  7. invasion of privacy
    • o protect
    • the client’s right to be free from unwanted intrusion into his or her private
    • affairs. HIPPA- sets forth standards indicating that clients are entitled to
    • confidential health care.
  8. false imprisonment
    • o occurs
    • with unjustified restraining of a
    • person without legal warrant. For
    • example, this occurs when nurses restrain a client in a bounded area to keep
    • the person from freedom.
  9. fraud
    • to do or speak something that is not true of
    • self.
  10. negligence
    • ·
    • is conduct that falls below a standard of care.
    • Example, if a driver of a car acts unreasonably in failing to stop at a stop
    • sign, it is negligence.
  11. malpractice
    • – is
    • one type of negligence and often referred to as professional negligence. When
    • nursing care falls below a standard of care, nursing malpractice results.
  12. duty
    • the
    • nurse must have (or should have had) a relationship with the client that
    • involves providing care and following an acceptable standard of care.
  13. breach of duty
    • There must be a standard of care that is
    • expected in the specific situation but that the nurse did not observe.
  14. causation
    • ·
    • It must be proved that the harm occurred as a
    • direct result of the nurse’s failure to follow the standard of care and the
    • nurse could have ( or should have) known that failure to follow the standard of
    • care could result in such harm.
  15. damages
    • ·
    • If malpractice caused the injury, the nurse is
    • held liable for damages that may be compensated. The goal of awarding damages is to assist the
    • injured party to his or her original position so far as financially possible.
  16. Values
    • - something of worth; a belief held dearly by a
    • person
  17. Value formation
    • ·
    • is the individual expressions the unpredictable
    • twists an turns that our in influence value formation. A person who suffers great loss early in life
    • sometimes grows to value things differently than someone whose life has been
    • free of suffering.
  18. ethics
    • the rules or principles that govern right
    • conduct.
  19. ethical dilemma
    • ·
    • occurs when there is a conflict in values. is a complex situation that will often
    • involve an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey
    • one would result in transgressing another.
  20. autonomy
    • the state of being independent and self-directed
    • without outside control, to make one's own decisions.
  21. beneficence
    • the moral obligation to do good or to implement
    • actions that benefit clients and their support persons.
  22. Nonmaleficence
    - the duty to do no harm
  23. Truth (veracity)
    the quality or state of being true.
  24. confidentiality
    • entrusted with private or restricted
    • information.
  25. fidelity
    • ·
    • - a moral principle which obligates the individual
    • to be faithful to agreements and responsibilities one has undertaken.
  26. culture
    • ·
    • Culture -
    • the customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation,
    • people, or other social group. – is a complex whole in which each part is
    • related to every other part. It is
    • learned, and the capacity to learn culture is genetic, but the subject matter
    • is not genetic and must be learned by each person in his or her family and social
    • community.
  27. Race
    • ·
    • - classification of people
    • according to shared biologic characteristics and physical features.
  28. Lifestyle preference
    • refers to a person’s general way of living,
    • including living conditions and individual patterns of behavior that are
    • influenced by sociocultural factors and personal characteristics. Lifestyle choices may have a positive or
    • negative effect on health.
  29. Ethnic heritage
    • - is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common
    • heritage, often consisting of a common language, a common culture (often
    • including a shared religion) and an ideology that stresses common ancestry or
    • endogamy.
  30. ethnicity
    • ethnic traits, background, allegiance, or
    • association. A group within the social system that claims to possess variable
    • traits such as a common religion or language
  31. subculture
    • ·
    • usually composed of people who have a distinct
    • identity and yet are related to a larger cultural group.
  32. ethnocentrism
    • is the tendency to believe that one's ethnic or
    • cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured
    • in relation to one's own. Is the belief that one’s own culture or way of life
    • is better than that of others.
  33. stereotyping
    • ·
    • assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic
    • group are alike.
  34. cultural assimilation
    • ·
    • is a political response to the demographic fact
    • of multi-ethnicity which encourages absorption of the minority into the
    • dominant culture. Assimilation means becoming like members of the dominant
    • culture.