legal and ethics
Card Set Information
legal and ethics
is any intentional threat to bring about harmful or offensive contact. No
actual contact is necessary.
is any intentional touching without consent. The contact can be harmful to the
client and cause an injury, or it can be merely offensive to client’s personal
dignity. A battery always includes and assault, which is why the terms assault
and battery are commonly combined.
defamtion of character
- is the
publication of false statements that result in damage to a person’s reputation
means that the person publishing the information
knows it is false and publishes it anyway or publishes it with reckless
disregard as to the truth
occurs when one verbalizes the false
statement. For example if a nurse tells
people erroneously that a client has venereal disease and the disclosure
affects the client’s business, the nurse is liable for slander
is the written defamation of character. Charting false entries is another example
invasion of privacy
the client’s right to be free from unwanted intrusion into his or her private
affairs. HIPPA- sets forth standards indicating that clients are entitled to
confidential health care.
with unjustified restraining of a
person without legal warrant. For
example, this occurs when nurses restrain a client in a bounded area to keep
the person from freedom.
to do or speak something that is not true of
is conduct that falls below a standard of care.
Example, if a driver of a car acts unreasonably in failing to stop at a stop
sign, it is negligence.
one type of negligence and often referred to as professional negligence. When
nursing care falls below a standard of care, nursing malpractice results.
nurse must have (or should have had) a relationship with the client that
involves providing care and following an acceptable standard of care.
breach of duty
There must be a standard of care that is
expected in the specific situation but that the nurse did not observe.
It must be proved that the harm occurred as a
direct result of the nurse’s failure to follow the standard of care and the
nurse could have ( or should have) known that failure to follow the standard of
care could result in such harm.
If malpractice caused the injury, the nurse is
held liable for damages that may be compensated. The goal of awarding damages is to assist the
injured party to his or her original position so far as financially possible.
- something of worth; a belief held dearly by a
is the individual expressions the unpredictable
twists an turns that our in influence value formation. A person who suffers great loss early in life
sometimes grows to value things differently than someone whose life has been
free of suffering.
the rules or principles that govern right
occurs when there is a conflict in values. is a complex situation that will often
involve an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey
one would result in transgressing another.
the state of being independent and self-directed
without outside control, to make one's own decisions.
the moral obligation to do good or to implement
actions that benefit clients and their support persons.
- the duty to do no harm
the quality or state of being true.
entrusted with private or restricted
- a moral principle which obligates the individual
to be faithful to agreements and responsibilities one has undertaken.
the customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation,
people, or other social group. – is a complex whole in which each part is
related to every other part. It is
learned, and the capacity to learn culture is genetic, but the subject matter
is not genetic and must be learned by each person in his or her family and social
- classification of people
according to shared biologic characteristics and physical features.
refers to a person’s general way of living,
including living conditions and individual patterns of behavior that are
influenced by sociocultural factors and personal characteristics. Lifestyle choices may have a positive or
negative effect on health.
- is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common
heritage, often consisting of a common language, a common culture (often
including a shared religion) and an ideology that stresses common ancestry or
ethnic traits, background, allegiance, or
association. A group within the social system that claims to possess variable
traits such as a common religion or language
usually composed of people who have a distinct
identity and yet are related to a larger cultural group.
is the tendency to believe that one's ethnic or
cultural group is centrally important, and that all other groups are measured
in relation to one's own. Is the belief that one’s own culture or way of life
is better than that of others.
assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic
group are alike.
is a political response to the demographic fact
of multi-ethnicity which encourages absorption of the minority into the
dominant culture. Assimilation means becoming like members of the dominant