Psychiatric Mental Health

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Psychiatric Mental Health
2011-09-17 22:54:58

Personality Disorders
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  1. Cluster A
    • 1. Paranoid personality disorder
    • 2. Schizoid personality disorder
    • 3. Schizotypal personality disorder
  2. Cluster B
    • 1. Antisocial personality disorder
    • 2. Borderline personality disorder
    • 3. Histrionic personality disorder
    • 4. Narcissistic personality disoder
  3. Cluster C
    • 1. Avoidant personality disorder
    • 2. Dependent personality disorder
    • 3. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  4. Diagnostic criteria for Paranoid Personality Disorder
    • 1. Suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him.
    • 2. Persistently bears grudges
    • 3. doubts loyalty & trustworthiness of friends
  5. Schizoid Personality Disorder
    is characterized primarily by a profound defect in the ability to form personal relationships. Display a lifelong pattern of social withdrawal & discomfort with human interaction is apparent.
  6. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
    are aloof & isolated & behave in a bland & apathetic manner. They become lost in personal irrelevancies & in tangential asides that seem vague,digressive,& not pertinent to the topic at hand.
  7. Antisocial Personality Disorder
    a pattern of socially irresponsible,exploitative,&guiltless behavior that reflects a disreguard for the rights of others.
  8. Borderline Personality Disorder
    pattern of intense and chaotic relationships,with affective instability & fluctuating attitudes toward other people. Are impulsive, directly & indirectly self-destructive & lack a clear sense of identity
  9. Histrionic Personality Disorder
    Colorful,dramatic & extroverted behavior in excitable,emotional people.Have difficult maintaing long-lasting relationships,although they require constant affirmation of approval or acceptance from others(demand attn)
  10. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
    exaggerated sense of self-worth.They lack empathy & are hypersensitive to the evaluation of others.They believe that they have the inalienable right to receive special consideration & that their desire is sufficient justification for possessing whatever they seek.
  11. Avoidant Personality Disorder
    extremely sensitive to rejection & because of this may lead a very socially withdrawn life.Equally common in men & women
  12. Dependent Personality Disorder
    pervasive & excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive & clinging behavior & fears of separation. More common in women & children
  13. Obssesive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
    very serious & formal & have difficulty expressing emotions.They are overly disciplined,perfectionistic,& preoccupied with rules.Inflexible,intense fear of making mistakes.
  14. Passive-Aggresive Personality Disorder
    pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes.Feels cheated & unappreciated.They believe life has been unkind to them,envy & resent others.
  15. Nursing Process
    an ongoing process that continues for as long as the nurse & client have interactions directed toward change in the client's physical or behavioral responses.
  16. Case Manager
    is responsible for negotiating with multiple healthcare providers to obtain a variety of services for the client.
  17. S O A P I E
    • S=subjective data
    • O=objective date
    • A=assesment
    • P=Plan
    • I=intervention
    • E=evaluation
  18. Functions of a group
    • 1.Socialization
    • 2.Support
    • 3.Task completion
    • 4.Camaraderie
    • 5.Informational
    • 6.Normative
    • 7.Empowerment
    • 8.Governance
  19. Types of Groups
    • 1. Task Groups
    • 2. Teaching Groups
    • 3. Supportive/Therapeutic Groups
    • 4. Self-Help Groups
  20. Task Groups
    to accomplish a specific outcome or task.The focus is solving problems & making decisions to achieve this outcome.
  21. Supportive/Therapeutic Groups
    teaching participants effective ways of dealing with emotional stress arising from situational or developmental crises.
  22. Self-Help Groups
    allowing clients to talk about their fears & relieve feelings of isolation, while receiving comfort and advice from others undergoing similar experiences.
  23. Physical Conditions that Influence Group Dynamics
    • 1. Seating
    • 2. Size
    • 3. Membership
  24. Phases of Group Development
    • Phase 1- Initial or Orientation
    • Phase 2- Middle or Working Phase
    • Phase 3-Final or Termination
  25. Milieu Defined
    milieu is French for "middle" "environment"The goal is to manipulate the environment so that all aspects of the client's hospital experience are considered "therapeutic"