OT Ch 4

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OT Ch 4
2011-09-18 14:12:14

OT Ch 4
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  1. a-
    without, absense of,
  2. an-
    without, absense of
  3. ep-
    upon over, above, on top
  4. epi-
    upon over, above, on top
  5. hyper-
    excessive, abnormally high, above
  6. intra-
  7. par-
    near, along side, departure from
  8. per-
  9. sub-
    under, beneath, below
  10. abras o
    to rub away
  11. aden o
  12. auto
  13. bio
  14. carcin o
  15. cellulo
    small chamber
  16. crypto
  17. cutane o
  18. derm o, dermat o
  19. elast o
    change shape
  20. eryth o, erythr o
  21. fibr o
  22. heter o
  23. hidr o
  24. kerat o
    hard, horny tissue
  25. lei o
  26. leuk o
  27. melan o
    dark, black
  28. myc o
  29. necr o
  30. onych o
  31. pachy o
  32. pedicul o
    body louse
  33. rhytid o
  34. sarc o
    flesh, meat,
  35. scler o
    thick, hard, sclera
  36. seb o
    sebum, or oil
  37. trich o
  38. xer o
  39. -a
  40. -ectomy
    surgical excision, removal
  41. -ema
    condition of blood
  42. -genic
    pertaining to producing, formation, causing
  43. -ia
    condition of
  44. -ion
    act or process
  45. -is
    pertaining to
  46. -ite
  47. -itis
  48. -malacia
  49. -oma
    abnormal swelling, tumor
  50. -opsy
    view of
  51. -osis
    condition of
  52. -ous
    pertaining to
  53. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  54. -plasty
    surgical repair
  55. -rrhea
    discharge (of fluid)
  56. -tome
    cutting instrument
  57. colla
  58. collagen
    a protien that binds other substances together
  59. subcutaneous
    • pertaining to the skin
    • abbreviated SC
  60. dermis
    the lower vascular layer of the skin, composed of connective tissue
  61. epidermis
    • the upper layer of the skin
    • composed of epithelial tissue
  62. hypodermic
    pertaining to under the skin
  63. intradermal
    pertaining to within te skin
  64. alstin
    an elastic protien of connective tissue
  65. keratin
    waterproof protien of the epidermis and hair
  66. heratogenic
    originating from the outer epidermal layer
  67. melanin
    protien of the skin that provides a brownish pigment
  68. onych
  69. eponychium
    • a flap of dead epithelial cells at the end of a nail
    • also called cuticle
  70. seb
    oily fluid
  71. sebaceous glands
    oil glands embedded within the skin
  72. sebum
    a mixture of oil, salt, water, and cholesterol secreted by sebaceous glands
  73. abrasion
    a skin wound caused by scraping
  74. abscess
    a collection of pus from a localized infection
  75. alopecia
    • a loss or lack of scalp hair
    • also called baldness
  76. cellulite
    a local uneven surgace of the skn caused by fat deposition, usually in the thigh and buttocks
  77. cicatrix
    a scar
  78. comedo
    • an elevated lesion formed from the buildup of sebum and keratin
    • blackheads
  79. contusion
    • an injury to the skin that causes discoloration and swelling without breaking the skin surface
    • bruise
  80. cyst
    a closed sac or pouch that contains fluid
  81. diaphoresis
    profuse (not necessarily excessive) sweating
  82. edema
    swelling caused by ccumulation of fluid
  83. erythema
    general term for redness of the skin
  84. fissure
    a narrow break or slit in the skin
  85. furuncle
    a localized skin infection originating from a hair follicle
  86. induration
    the formation of local hard areas on the skin or elsewhere
  87. juandice
    • an abnormal yellow coloring of the skin
    • xanthoderma
  88. keloid
    an overgrowth of scar tissue
  89. laceration
    a torn or jagged wound
  90. lesion
    a change of tissues due to disease or injury
  91. macule
    a discolored flat spot, such as a freckle
  92. nevus
    a circumscribed, pigmented area, a mole, or a birth mark
  93. pallor
    abnormal lack of skin color, paleness
  94. papule
    • a small, solid, circumscribed skin elevation
    • pimple
  95. pustule
    a small circumscibed skin elevation that contains pus
  96. petechia
    • a pinpoint skim hemorrhage (break in blood vessle)
    • the plural form is petechiae
  97. pruritus
    a symptom of intense itching
  98. purpura
    a purple/red discoloation resulting from hemorrage into the skin
  99. ulcer
    an eroded lesion of the skin or mucous membrane
  100. urticaria
    • a skin eruption usually caused by an allergic reaction to foods,infection, or injury
    • hives
  101. verruca
    • a small circumscribed skin elevations caused by virus
    • wart
  102. vessicle
    • a small elevation of the epidermis that contains fluid
    • blister
  103. wheal
    • a temporary, itchy elevation of the skin, usually with a white center and red perimeter
    • welt
  104. acne
    an inflammatory eruption of the skin caused by bacterial infection of sebaceous flands and ducts
  105. actinic keratosis
    • a precarnerous skin condition caused by exposure to sunlight
    • the condition is marked overgrowths of the outer epidermal layer
  106. albinism
    a genetic condition characterized by the lack or reduction of melanin
  107. basil cell carcinoma
    • a tumor that arises from the epithelium of the epidermis; the tumor can spread locally if not treated but seldom metastasizes
    • abbreviated BCC
  108. burn
    an injury to skin caused by exposure to fire, electricity, chemicals, radiation, light, or friction; the severity of a burn is classified based on 2 factors: depth of the injury (which includes partial thickness -superficial- partial thickness -deep- or full thickness- and the amount of surgace area burned, known as the Rule of Nines
  109. carbuncle
    a skin infection composed of a cluster of boils, caused by Staph bacteria
  110. cellulitus
    an inflammation of the skin orininating from an infection of connective tissue withn the dermis
  111. decubitus ulcer
    • a skin sore caused by pressure or immobility while lying down
    • Bedsore
  112. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin
  113. dermatofibroma
    fibrous tumor of the skin
  114. ecchymosis
    a purplish patch on the skin caued by leaking blood vessels
  115. eczema
    an inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scaling, and sensations of itching and burning
  116. erythroderma
    abnorma redness of the skin
  117. gangrene
    tissue death and decay caused by loss or reduction of blood supply
  118. herpes
    a skin eruption characterized by clusters of deep blisters that appear periodically. There are many variations, all of which are caused by members of the virus family Herpesvirus
  119. Hidradenitis
    inflammation of a sweat gland
  120. hyperhidrosis
    excessive perspiration
  121. impetigo
    contagious sin nfection characterized by blisters that later erupt to form a yello crust
  122. Kaposi's Sarcoma
    a form of skin cancer characterized by the formation of purple or brown patces on the skin that spread by way of lumphatics. Used as a sign of AIDS
  123. leidermia
    abnormally smooth skin
  124. leukoderma
    abnormally light colored skin
  125. melanoma
    malignant skin tumor that arises from lenanocytes
  126. necrosis
    disease-related death of tissue
  127. onychocryptosis
    ingrown nail
  128. onychomalacia
    softening of the nails
  129. onychomycosis
    fungal infection of the nails
  130. onychophagia
    abnormal behavior of nail biting or eating
  131. pachyderma
    abnormal thickening of the skin
  132. paronychia
    infection along the nail
  133. pediculosis
    infestation of the hair and skin with lice
  134. psoriasis
    a chronic skin condition characterized by red lessions covered with silvery scales
  135. scabies
    skin eruption cuased by the femail itch mite, which burrows into the skin to extract blood; this disorder causes mild dermatitis (redness, swelling and itching)
  136. scleroderma
    thickening of the skin caused by swelling and thickening of fibrous connective tissue
  137. seborrhea
    sebaceous gland hyperactivity, resulting in excessive discharge of sebum
  138. squamous cell carcinoma
    • a skin cancer that arises from the epidermis; the cancer usually appears as a firm, red elevation with scales; it grows relatively slowly but is capable of metastasis in its later stages
    • SqCCa
  139. systemic lupus eruthematosus
    • a chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue affecting the skin and many other organs; the early stages are characterized by red patches on the face and joint pain
    • Lupus
    • SLE
  140. tinea
    • a fungal infection of the skin
    • ringworm
  141. trichomycosis
    a fungus on the hair surface
  142. vitiligo
    a condition in which a loss of pigment- producing cells results in whitish areas of the skin
  143. xeroderma
    abnormally dry skin