Botany Test 1

The flashcards below were created by user Coheedfan33 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Plant Anatomy
    Internal structure of Plants
  2. PlantPhysiology
    Plant Function
  3. Plant Taxonomy
    Describing, naming, and classifying plants
  4. Plant Geography
    Study of how and why plants are distributed where they are.
  5. Plant Ecology
    Study of interaction of plants with one another and with their environment
  6. Plant Morphology
    Study of plant form and structure.
  7. Cell Biology
    The Science of Cell Structure
  8. Ethnobotany (Economic Biology)
    Focus on practical uses of plants and plant products
  9. Dicot
    • -Seed that splits in halves
    • -have ring-like patterns
    • -two leaves
    • -flowers in 4,5 or multiples of 4,5
    • -non-parallel veination
  10. Monocot
    • -Seed in one solid mass
    • -one leave
    • -scattered vascular bundles
    • -flower parts in 3's or in multiples of 3's
    • -parallel veination
  11. Binomial Nomenclature
    • "Two-Names"
    • Genus = Noun
    • Species = Adjective
  12. Variety
    Naturally occuring variation that can be perpetuated through sexual reproduction.

    Acer saccarum v or var pumilla
  13. Cultivated Variety
    Not naturally occuring and very often cannot reproduce "true" from seed, if it produce seed at all (sterile).

    Propagated asexually ---> Cutting

  14. Inter-specific Hybrid
    between species within the same genus

    • (sugar) Acer saccarum
    • x
    • (silver)Acer sacchainum

    Acer x freemani 'Autumn Blaze'
  15. Intergeneric Hybrid
    Cross between to Genera

    XHeucherella alba
  16. Annual Plant Lifecycle
    • Complete lifecycle = 1 Growing season
    • -Seed germanation
    • -Vegatative growth
    • -Reprodctive growth
    • -Seed production
    • -Death
  17. Biennial Life Cycle
    Complete Life Cycle = 2 growing seasons

    • First Season
    • -Seed Germination
    • -Vegatative Growth

    • Second Season
    • -Resume Vegatative growth
    • -Reproductive growth
    • -Seed production
    • -Death
  18. Perennial Life Cycle
    Lifecycle continues for several to many years in a suitable evironment

    -Defined by persistant root systems
  19. Herbaceous
    Lacking woody tissue
  20. Native Plants
    Indigionous to a specific region
  21. Introduced
    Usually deliberate / Typical for ornamental purposes
  22. Alien
    Usually from a different continent
  23. Invasive
    Very agressive plant without acknowledging where its from

    Within a biological context, it disrupts natural areas and native ecosystems
  24. Characteristics of Invasive plants
    • 1. Produces abundant fruit/ seed
    • 2. effective seed dispursal mechanism
    • 3. Easily and readily established especially distrubed sites
    • 4. grows rapidly
    • 5. Agressive Competitors
  25. Population
    Plants in an area of the same specie
  26. Community
    All living things within an area
  27. Ecosystem
    Living, non-living things in an area. Includes pH levels and precipitation. Interdependence
  28. Producers
    Anything that photosynthasizes
  29. 1st Consumers
    Feed directly on produces
  30. Decomposers
    Break down dead matter to reenergize
  31. GreggorMedell
    Austrian monk who experimented with genetics using peas. Dominant and recessive traits
  32. William J. Beal
    Founder of Michigan Botanical Garden. Longest experiment, ending in 2100.
  33. J.D. Hooker
    British botonists, did a lot of traveling, classifying plants
  34. John Josselyn
    England- came to New England to visit brother in Maine. Provided the most in-depth book of plant life in the history of the area
  35. Racheal Carson
    Ecologist. Wrote Silent Spring which warned about the dangers of pestisides. Launched the environmentalist movement.
  36. Asa Gray
    Standard Field Guide. Manual of the botony of the Northern U.S.
  37. Kate Furbish
    Collected and classified Maine's flora and fungi.
Card Set:
Botany Test 1
2011-09-19 01:09:15

Show Answers: