AP Gov. Terms

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AP Gov. Terms
2011-09-22 12:43:08
US Government Terms

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  1. Direct Primary
    Election in which voters choose party nominees
  2. Ballet Initiative
    Procedure where a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law submitted to voters
  3. Recall
    Procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the scheduled end of their term
  4. Marbury V. Madison
    1803 Supreme Court precedent establishing judicial review
  5. Judicial Review
    The power of the court to declare federal law or government regulation to be in conflict with the Constitution
  6. Writ of Mandamus
    A court order directing an official to perform an official duty
  7. Executive Orders
    Directive issued by President or Governer that has the force of law
  8. Impeachment
    Formal accusation by lower house of legislature against a public official, the first step in removal from office
  9. Executive Privilege
    Power to keep executive communications confidential, especially those related to national security
  10. Impoundment
    Presidential refusal to allow an agency to spend funds Congress appropriated and authorized
  11. Devolution Revolution
    The effort to slow the growth of the federal government by returning many functions to the states
  12. Dual Federalism
    Views the Constitution as giving limited list of powers, primarily national defense and foreig policy to the national government, leaving the rest to the states
  13. Cooperative Federalism
    Stresses federalism as a system of intergovernmental relations in delivering governmental goods and services to the people, and call for cooperation amongst various levels of government
  14. Marble Cake Federalism
    Conceives of federalism as a marble cake in which all levels of government are involved in a variety of issues and programs rather than a layer cake (dual federalism) with fixed divisions between layers of government
  15. Competitive Federalism
    Views the national government, 50 states, and thousands of local governments as competing with each other over ways to put together packages of services and taxes. We have some choice concerning the state and city that we want to 'use'