Nursing Chpt 35

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Nursing Chpt 35
2011-09-18 16:32:07

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  1. Afterload
    Amount of resistance the left ventricle must overcome to open the aortic valve
  2. Arteriosclerosis
    Abnormal thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls
  3. Atherosclerosis
    Adnormal thickening and hardening of the arterial walls caused by fat and fibrin deposits
  4. Bradycardia
    Slow heart rate
  5. Contractility
    Capacity for shortening in response to stimuli
  6. Diastole
    When ventricles are at rest-filling up with blood coming from the atria
  7. Dysrhythmia
    Disturbance of rhythm including excessively rapid, slow, or irregular heartbeats
  8. Hemodynamic
    Study of the movement of blood and the forces that affect it
  9. Murmur
    Sound heart on auscultation of the heart that usually indicates turbulent blood flow across heart valves
  10. Myocardial infarction
    The death of myocardial tissue as a result of prolongued lack of blood and 02 supply
  11. Palpitation
    Heartbeat that is strong, rapid, or irregular enough that the person is aware of it
  12. Perfusion
    Passage of blood through the vessels of an organ
  13. Preload
    Amount of blood in the left ventricle at the end of diastole; the pressure generated at the end of diastole
  14. Regurgitation
    Backward flow
  15. Syncope
  16. Systole
    Contraction phase of the cardiac cycle
  17. Tachycardia
    Rapid heart rate
  18. Thromboembolism
    Obstruction of a blood vessel with a blood clot transported through the bloodstream