drugs for bowel disorders

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Author:
adrienne
ID:
10261
Filename:
drugs for bowel disorders
Updated:
2010-03-13 13:51:08
Tags:
adrienne
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Description:
bowel disorders and GI conditions
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  1. what disease effects the large intestine
    ulcerative colitis
  2. what disease mainly effects the small intestine but can occur anywhere
    crohns disease which is ulcerations in distal part of the small intestine
  3. IBD treatment
    • 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) agents
    • -sulfonamide, sulfasalazine, azulfidine, dipentum, mesalamine
    • -glucocorticoids, prednisone, methylpredisone, hydrocortisone
    • -immunosuppressant drugs- imuran, MTX, remicade-monoclonal antibody
  4. IBS treatment
    • Supportive
    • bulk laxatives with psyllium
    • andcholinergic meds to reduce spasms such as bentyl
  5. pt teaching with IBS
    journal to try and figure out trigger foods
  6. treatment of nausea and vomiting-anti emetics
    • -phenothizines, antihistamines, anticholinergics
    • -cannabinoids, glucocorticoids, benzodiazepines
    • -serotonin receptor antagonists
  7. phenothiazines cause what
    muscle cramping in uncomfortable positions
  8. antiemetics phenothiazines
    prototype
    mech of action
    use
    • compazine
    • mech of action- inhibits vomiting center in medulla
    • use- N/V
  9. antidiarrheals, opioids
    prototype
    mech of action
    use
    adverse effects
    • Lomotil (diphenoxylate with atropine
    • slows peristalsis
    • use moderate to severe diarrhea
    • adverse effects dizziness and drowsiness
  10. anorexiants
    prototype
    use
    adverse effects
    • Meridia (sibutramine
    • mech of action- SSRI
    • use- appetite suppressent
    • adverse effects- headache,insomnia, dry mouth, tachycardia, raide BP

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