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  1. What is the stage of Birth-18 Months?
    Trust vs. Mistrust
  2. What is the major developmental task for a 2 month old in the stage of infancy?
    To develop a basic trust in the mothering figure and be able to generalize it to others.
  3. What is considered nonachivement for a 3 month old in the infancy stage?
    Emotional dissatisfaciton with the self and others, suspiciousness, and difficulty with interpersonal relationships.
  4. What is considered achivement for a 3 month old in the infancy stage?
    Self confidence,optimishm, faith in the gratification of needs and desires and hope for the future. The infant lears to trust when basic needs are met consistently.
  5. Babies either trust that others will care for their basic needs, including nourishment, warmth, cleanliness, and physical contact, or develop mistrust about the care of others.
    Trust v. Mistrust
  6. Children either become self-sufficient in many activities, including toileting, feeding, walking, exploring, and talking, or doubt their own abilities.
    Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
  7. What are the achievement and nonachievements for the 2 year old in their stage of development?
    Achievement: Results in a sense of self-control and the ability to delay gratification, and a feeling of self-confidence in one's ability to perform. It is achieved when parents encourage and provide opportunities for independent activities.

    Nonachievment: Lack of self confidence, lack of pride, and a sense of being controlled by others.
  8. What is the major developmental task for a 2 year old in the stage of early childhood? What is the name of the stage?
    To gain some self control and independence within the environment. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt.
  9. What age range does a child face the stage of Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt?
    Early Childhood; 18 months-3 years
  10. What is the major developmental task for a 5 year old in the stage of late childhood? What is the name of this stage?
    To achieve a sense of self confidence by learning, cometing, performing, successfully, and receiving recognition from significant others, peers, and acquaintances. (Initiative vs. Guilt)
  11. Children can either want to undertake many adultlike activities or internalize the limits and prohiitions set by parents. They feel either adventerous or guilty.
    Initiative vs. Guilt.
  12. Describe Erickson's Psychosocial Stage of 6 to 11 Years
    • Industry vs. Inferiority
    • Children busily learn to be competent and productive in mastering new skills or feel inferior, unable to do anything as well as they wish they could.
  13. Describe Erickson's Psychosocial Stage of Adolescence
    • Identity vs. Role Confusion
    • Adolescents try to figure out "Who am I"? They establish sexual, political, and vocational identities or are confused about what roles to play.
  14. Define Modeling
    The central process of social learning, by which a person observes the actions of others and then copies them.
  15. Define Eclectic Perspective
    The approach taken by most developmentalists, in which they apply aspects of each of the various theories of development rather than adhering exclusively to one theory.
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