CNA Quiz Questions

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CNA Quiz Questions
2011-09-19 17:52:22
CNA quiz questions

CNA questions from the quizzes after every chapter from the textbook
Show Answers:

  1. The term geriatric means...
    A. elderly
    B. medications
    C. carefree
    D. youthful
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Restraining a resident without cause and without a doctors order is considered...
    A. libel
    B. slander
    C. false imprisonment
    D. assault
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The federal law that regulates care in a long term care facility and established minimum training requirements for nursing assistants is...
    A. OSHA
    D. OOPS
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. A resident puts on their call light asking for help. The nursing assistant ignores it. The resident fall and injures herself. This is considered...
    A. neglect
    B. battery
    C. libel
    D. invasion of privacy
  5. You are responsible for your own actions
  6. Discussing a resident outside the facility or even in the facility in a gossipy manner is a legal offense. You can be charged, convicted and possibly fined.
  7. The nursing assistant has no responsibility in helping the resident voice their grievances or resolve problems.
  8. Calling a resident names, swearing at them or making fun of them is not considered abuse.
  9. Forcefully feeding a resident by poking food or utensils into his/her mouth is considered abuse.
  10. Name 2 things a nursing assistant is not allowed to do.
    Administering medications and preforming sterile procedures.
  11. List 2 members of the restorative-rehabilitation team and what their job responsibilities include.
    • Social worker- coordinate services
    • Physical therapist (PT)- helps large motion movement (legs usually)
  12. Name 3 ways you can help the resident maintain their privacy.
    • Knock before you enter their room
    • Close the window drapes when they might be exposed
    • When cleaning cover as much of them as possible.
  13. If you have a question or do not know how to do a task, you should...
    ask for help
  14. A resident has the right to refuse medications and treatments.
  15. The resident does not have the right to make phone calls.
  16. If it is easier for the resident if you make all decisions for the resident.
  17. Older people do not have sexual needs or urges.
  18. Stress can be caused by unmet basic human needs.
  19. Basic human needs include the need for love, belonging, safety and security.
  20. The sense of smell and taste decrease with age.
  21. Which are the following are aging changes that occur in the integumentary system?
    A. Skin becomes more fragile and thin
    B. skin becomes drier
    C. subcutaneous fat diminishes
    D. all of the above
  22. The most basic human needs as described by abraham Maslow is
    A. safety
    B. self actualization
    C. self esteem and respect
    D. physical
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. If you witness abuse, you should...
    A. tell the person doing it not to do it
    B. notify your charge nurse immediately
    C. tell the resident to ignore it
    D. hope it will stop
  24. Describe one age related change for the
    1. cardiovascular system
    2. digestive system
    3. muscular system
    4. respiratory system
    5. urinary system
    6. vision
    7. hearing
    8. integumentary
    • 1. the heart becomes less efficient
    • 2. decreased peristalsis
    • 3. decreased muscle mass
    • 4. harder to cough
    • 5. more residual urine left in bladder leading to a increase in UTI
    • 6. the peripheral eyesight decreases
    • 7.Can't hear as well
    • 8. Skin can't regulate temperature as well
  25. Explain what you can do for the resident who has poor circulation.
    encourage to walk around and no tight clothing
  26. Describe 3 psychosocial losses a person may suffer associated with aging.
    • loss of financial gains
    • loss of job
    • loss of spouse
  27. If you did not complete an assignment, what should you do on the flow sheet?
    A. Write in your initials, circle them and notify the charge nurse.
    B. Leave a blank
    C. tell the nurse about not being able to complete the task
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Smiles, frowns and gestures are examples of...
    A. verbal communication
    B. non-verbal communication
  29. aphasia means...
    A. difficulty speaking and/or understanding speech
    B. confusion
    C. difficulty swallowing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. When speaking to a resident in a wheelchair...
    A. speak to them while walking out of the room
    B. speak to them while standing
    C. bend down to their level and speak while making eye contact.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following would make the resident feel that you are really listening to them?
    A. standing with your arms crossed
    B. listening to them while you have your hand on the door knob.
    C. frequently interrupting them.
    D. make eye contact. patiently allowing residents to express themselves and seeking clarification when needed.
  32. An example of physical block to communication.
    had a stroke and can't move their face properly
  33. An example of a mental clock to communication is?
  34. An example of a emotional block to communicate is?
    They are scared, tired and or frustrated.
  35. Make 2 observations regarding
    a. the skin
    b. respirations
    c. behavioral changes
    d. eating and drinking
    • a. bruising and redness
    • b. rough breathing and shortness of breath
    • c. being withdrawn or confused
    • d. not eating as much or having a increase in thirst
  36. Name 2 observations you should report immediately to the charge nurse.
    Any indication of pain (grimace or telling you) and any sign of a stroke (droopy face)
  37. It is alright to use a pencil when writing on the medical record
  38. The medical record is a legal record and can be subpoenaed in case of a lawsuit.
  39. If a resident is hard of hearing, you should shout.
  40. If you and your co-worker speak a foreign language that the resident does not understand, it is acceptable to speak it while taking care of the resident.
  41. If the resident says something that does not make sense, argue with them until you convince them that they are wrong.
  42. Falls in the elderly are dangerous because they can result in prolonged periods of immobility. This can lead to death due to...
    A. emphysema
    B.decubitus ulcer
    C. pneumonia
    D. bronchitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. An accident report should be filled out...
    A. immediately after the accident
    B. at the end of the shift
    C. at the end of the week
  44. Which of the following residents are susceptible to choking?
    A. someone with dysphagia after a stroke
    B. a person who is not positioned properly in an upright position.
    C. a resident without teeth or dentures
    D. all of the above
  45. The number one type of accident in a nursing home is a fall.
  46. Smoking is allowed in a room where oxygen is in use.
  47. In case of a fire, all residents in immediate danger should be evacuated first.
  48. ABC fire extinguishers can safely be used for all types of fires.
  49. It is acceptable for residents to smoke in their room
  50. Name 3 enviromental factors that can contribute to falls.
    • Power cords
    • Rugs
    • Spills on the floor
  51. Name 3 medical conditions that may increase the risk of falling.
    • Stroke, resulting in a limb being weak
    • Dementia or confusion
    • Osteoporosis
  52. Describe the type of footwear a resident should have when standing, transferring or ambulating.
    Has a gripping sole nothing floppy
  53. List 4 signs of a possible heart attack.
    Weak in the arm, heartburn feeling, Shortness of breath, and nausea.
  54. List 2 signs of a complete airway obstruction.
    They can't talk, they aren't coughing.
  55. A medication used to control mood, mental status, and behavior is called a
    A. chemical restraint
    B. physical restriant
  56. The restrained resident should be checked every...
    A. 4 hours
    B. 1 hours
    C. 30 minutes
    D. 2 1/2 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. The restrained resident needs to be released, ambulated and toileted every...
    A. 6 hours
    B. 1 hour
    C. 2 hours
    D. 30 minutes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Which if the following are devices that are useful in replacing the restraints?
    A. alarm cushion
    B. positioning cushion
    C. adjustable footrest extender
    D. all of the above
  59. List 4 poor outcomes of restraint use.
    • they feel like a baby
    • they lose a lot of dignity
    • They can possibly be strangled by the restraints
    • They can't go to the bathroom when needed
  60. OBRA law allows use of restraints if it makes it easier for the nursing assistant.
  61. A geriatric chair with the tray locked in place is considered a restraint.
  62. A bed rail is not a restraint and can be put up anytime the nursing assistant feels it's necessary.
  63. Restraints can be deadly
  64. It is acceptable to tie restraints to the bed rail.
  65. Name 5 assistive devices that can help you move the difficult to move resident.
    • A mechanical lift
    • gait belt
    • slide boards
    • trapeze bars
    • draw sheets
  66. If a resident has a right sided weakness or paralysis, put the chair you will be transferring them to, on the right side.
  67. A resident can bear weight on their contractured leg.
  68. A resident's position should be changed every 4 hours
    False (2 hours)
  69. It is safe to put all residents in a prone position.
  70. If residents cannot bear weight on at least one leg, they require a 2 person transfer.
  71. When lifting, you should stand with your feet together, bending at the waist while keeping your knees locked.
  72. It is acceptable for the residents to put their arms around your neck as you transfer them.
  73. A Fowler's position is sitting up in bed at a 45 degree angle.
  74. Name 5 important rules of good body mechanics
    • check your environment
    • evaluate your load
    • get close to the load
    • stand with your feet 8-12 inches apart
  75. Name at least 3 instances when it is necessary to have 2 people assist with lifting.
    • A mechanical lift
    • A resident that can't put weight on their legs
    • a patient that has tubes attached
  76. The body fluid that is of greatest risk for transmitting deadly pathogens is
    A. saliva
    B. sputum
    C. perspiration
    D. blood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Standard precautions should be used...
    A. only when the patient exhibits signs and symptoms of illness
    B. in all interactions when direct contact with body fluids is possible
    C. only when a diagnosis of communicable disease is made
  78. Mucus membranes are...
    A. body fluids
    B. moist lining of mouth, nose, eyes, genital areas
    C. over bony areas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. You should not go to work if...
    A. your coughing
    B. B and C
    C. you are tired
    D. you have flu symptoms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. AIDS is due to a virus that can be transmitted by casual contact or close none-sexual contact.
  81. The HIV positive patient may not exhibit any symptoms for as long as 10 years from coming into contact with the virus
  82. The predominant abnormality in the HIV infection is the profound defect in normal immune functioning. This defect results in diminished body defenses and opportunistic infections that take advantage of the weakened system.
  83. A vaccine is available got HBV and is very strongly recommended for health care workers.
  84. The course of the HIV infection is predictable and similar from patient to patient.
  85. Hepatitis results in damage to the liver
  86. It may take 6 weeks to 6 months following transmission of HIV for seroconversion (discovery of antibodies against HIV in the blood) to take place. It will take this long for the blood test to show positive.
  87. Woman should know there HIV statues before becoming pregnant.
  88. What does the initials AIDS stand for?
    Autoimmune deficiency syndrome
  89. What does HIV stand for?
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  90. Name a type of cancer common in AIDS patients
    Koposis sarcoma
  91. Dentures can be wrapped in a tissue and stored in a drawer.
  92. oral care for an unconscious resident should be done once every shift
    False every 2 hours
  93. When bathing the resident, start with the area around the eyes first.
  94. When dressing a resident who has a paralyzed right arm, put the left hand in the sleeve first.
    false (right hand first)
  95. You should carefully trim the nails of a diabetic resident
  96. Bathing provides the best opportunity for observation of skin condition
  97. When trimming nails, cut straight across and file the edges with an emery board.
  98. Our first line of defense against infection is skin.
  99. There are significant changes in skin as a person ages, making them more susceptible to skin breakdown.
  100. A resident who is dehydrated is more prone to development of a decubitus ulcer.
  101. When giving a resident a bed bath, the resident should be covered and only the part of the body being bathed should be exposed. This is because...
    A. we need to provide privacy
    B. we need to keep the resident warm
    C. all of the above
    D. none of the above
  102. Name 2 possible causes of skin breakdowns
    • friction- rubbing against something continually
    • Moisture- from incontinence or not drying well after bathing.
  103. It is acceptable to take an oral temperature 5 minutes after a resident drinks hot coffee.
    False (20 minutes)
  104. You should tell a resident you are counting their respirations
  105. The heart rate taken by stethoscope is called apical
  106. One of the things you check for when taking a pulse is rate. This means how many beats per minute.
  107. The name of the pulse at the wrist is brachial
    false (radial)
  108. Use your thumb to take a pulse
  109. An elevated temperature can indicate an infection or inflammation.
  110. If a resident has a history of seizures, do not take an oral temperature with a class thermometer.
  111. It is not necessary to stay with the resident while taking their rectal temperature.
  112. Apply a sheath over the thermometer
  113. Temperature taken in the ear is called...
    A. axillary
    B. tympanic
    C. oral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. The pulse at the neck is called...
    A. carotid
    B. Radial
    C. Brachial
    D. pedal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. A BP of 88/50 is considered...
    A. hypotension
    B. hypertension
    C. hypoxia
  116. The resident's BP os 128/84. The 128 is called
    A. diastolic blood pressure
    B. systolic blood pressure
    C. asystolic blood pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. Diastolic is pressure in the blood vessel when the heart...
    A. relaxes
    B. neither
    C. contracts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. THe color code for a rectal thermometer is...
    A. red
    B. blue
    C. yellow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. Normal respiration rate is
    A. 60-80 per 60 sec.
    B. 14-20 per 60 sec.
    C. 5-10 per 60 sec.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. Normal rectal temperature is...
    A. 99.6
    B. 98.0
    C. 106.6
    D. 97.4
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. A resident with dysphagia is at added risk of...
    A. aspiration
    B. paralysis
    C. swallowing
    D. stroke
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. Which foods are more difficult to swallow for a resident with dysphagia?
    A. meat loaf, creamed corn
    B. Water, mashed potatoes, toast
    C. apricot nectar, milk shake
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  123. After a dysphagia resident has eaten, do not put them in a flat reclining position for at least...
    A. 10 min.
    B. 5 min.
    C. 2 hours
    D. 30 min.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. Which of the following statements is false?
    A. Trans fats and saturated fats can increase the risk of heart disease.
    B. Refined grains such as white flour and white rice are better for you than whole grains such has brown rice, cracked wheat, and whole wheat flour.
    C. It is better to eat foods in their natural form instead of processed foods.
    D. dietary recommendations vary according to our weight, age, gender.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. Foods that are high in sodium are..
    A. hot dogs
    B. ham
    c. canned foods
    D. all of the above
  126. You should report to the nurse if the resident has not completed at least 60% of their meal.
  127. Sources of protein are milk, meat, cheese, chicken and eggs.
  128. A rehabilitation specialist who is very helpful in dealing with residents who have dysphagia is the speech pathologist
  129. The rehabilitation specialist who is helpful in obtaining adaptive eating devices is the occupational therapist.
  130. If a resident has an IV it is okay to take the blood pressure on the arm where the IV is.
  131. IT is ok to offer a resident with a nasogastric tube, fluids or food by mouth.
  132. The nursing assistant administers Ng or G tube feedings
  133. The resident with a feeding tube should not lie flat in bed.
  134. Name 3 abnormalities you should observe for at the IV feeding insertion site (where the needle goes into the body).
    Reddness, swelling, leaking, bleeding
  135. To force fluids means to force a resident to drink whether they want to or not.
  136. A graduate is used to measure fluids in cc's.
  137. Fluids are important because they help regulate body temperature.
  138. Ice cream, jello, sherbet and pudding are considered fluids.
  139. It is acceptable to rely on your memory and write down the intake and output numbers at the end of your shift rather then writing it down immediately after a meal.
  140. Urinary drainage bags should be emptied at the end of each shift.
  141. List 3 symptoms of dehydration
    • dry mouth
    • cracked lips
    • rapid pulse
  142. Give 3 reasons why residents may not drink adequately.
    • They dont "feel the thirst" as well as they used too
    • It can become hard for them to swallow
    • They don't have the physical capabilities to pick up a cup of water and drink anymore
  143. Mrs. Jones has fluid retention in her hands and legs, with a 3 lbs weight gain this last week. This is called...
    A. dehydration
    B. hemiporesis
    C. edema
    D. fat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  144. 2500 cc is equal to...
    A. 1 1/2 quart
    B. 1 gallon
    C. 2 1/2 quarts
    D. 1 quart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  145. All residents, once incontinent, will be incontinent for the rest of their lives.
  146. To help a female resident empty their bladder completely, it is important to have them sitting upright.
  147. Fracture bed pans are smaller bedpans for residents who cannot move or bend much.
  148. A resident with diarrhea may easily become dehydrated.
  149. Every person must have a bowel movement everyday.
  150. Black, tarry stool could mean the resident is bleeding internally.
  151. Incontinence is an inevitable part of aging for everyone.
  152. Residents with Alzheimer disease may also become incontinent
  153. If a resident is incontinent, you should limit their fluid intake.
  154. Providing privacy ay toileting time is not important.
  155. When doing pericare it is important to wipe...
    A. from front to back
    B. from back to front
    C. either of the above
  156. A resident with an indwelling urinary catheter should have the following minimum daily intake
    A. 1000 cc
    B. 2500 cc
    C. 1600 cc
    D. 2000 cc
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  157. My main function is to absorb nutrients.
    A. liver
    B. small intestine
    C. large intestine
    D. stomach
  158. Which are NOT digestive changes associated with aging?
    A. less peristalsis in the esophagus
    B. food is absorbed more slowly
    C. less gastric acid secreted
    D. large intestine absorbs fluids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  159. The urinary catheter drainage bag should be...
    A. below the level of the catheter and bladder
    B. above the level of the catheter and bladder
    C. it does not matter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  160. The resident is able to do his or her own ROM. This is called...
    A. passive ROM
    B. active ROM
  161. Which of the following statements abotu ROM are NOT true?
    A. When doing ROM, stop at the point of resistance or pain.
    B. It is acceptable for the nursing assistant to do ROM to the neck of the resident
    C. Do ROM 2-3 times a day.
    D. Watch for indication of pain in the resident.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  162. Bending an arm or leg is called...
    A. circumduction
    B. extension
    C. flexion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  163. What can be done to prevent a hand contracture?
    A hand roll or splint
  164. What can be done to prevent foot drop?
    Foot boards
  165. What rehabilitation specialists help with bathing and hygiene skills?
  166. What rehabilitation specialists help with feeding skills?
    OT or speech therapist
  167. What rehabilitation specialists help with feeding skills?
  168. Alzheimer is one of the leading cases of death in the US.
  169. When a resident has a hallucination or delusions, argue with them and point out that they are wrong.
  170. If a person is experiencing a catastrophic reaction, restrain them.
  171. An environment that is quiet, calm and reassuring is helpful to the agitated resident
  172. Delusions are false beliefs
  173. Small strokes are causes of irreversible dementia.
  174. Cognitive impairment means a decrease in intellectual functioning such as reasoning, thinking and memory.
  175. Do not offer any choices to the dementia resident
  176. Loud television can help calm the restless, agitated resident.
  177. An Alzheimer disease resident may not recognize their family members rt know how old they themselves are.
  178. Sundowning means...
    A. The resident has exaggerated dementia symptoms in late afternoon and early evening.
    B. The resident is agitated when they awaken ay night
    C. The resident has delusion symptoms on dark, cloudy days.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  179. Alzheimer disease may result in which of the following problems?
    A. diarrhea
    B. incontinence
    C. loss of ability to ambulate
    D. none of the above
    E. B and C
  180. Which of the following are NOT symptoms or behaviors of advanced Alzheimer's disease?
    A. sleep disturbances
    B. tearfulness
    C. pain in toes
    D. inability to communicate with others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  181. Which of the following are reversible causes of dementia?
    A. Alzheimer disease
    B. infections
    C. depression
    D. B and C
    E. none of the above
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  182. All the residents go through the stages of grieving in the same manner and at the same rate.
  183. All residents will reach the acceptance stage of the grieving process.
  184. As people near death, their circulation to extremities may decrease. They may feel cold, especially in their hands and feet.
  185. The nursing assistant is the person who obtains a sterile urine specimen.
  186. Sputum is the substance that is coughed up from the lungs.
  187. It is acceptable to touch the inside of the specimen cups and lids.
  188. Any resident who cannot stand independently cannot be weighed.
  189. Another name for prescribed elastic hose is TED hose
  190. If a resident is 64 in. in height, this is the same as...
    A. 5 ft 2 in.
    B. 5 ft 7 in.
    C. 5 ft 4 in.
    D. 6 ft
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  191. The purpose of a mid stream method of obtaining a urine specimen is to...
    A. obtain a sterile specimen
    B. obtain as clean a specimen as possible
    C. obtain just a small amount of urine
    D. provide another opportunity got you to wear gloves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  192. Dyspnea means...
    A. difficulty swallowing
    B. difficulty in breathing
    C. swelling
    D. weight loss
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  193. Warning signs of diabetes are...
    A. A and B
    B. frequently feeling hungry
    C. excessive thirst
    D. none of the above
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  194. COPD refers to...
    A bronchitis
    B. emphysema
    C. A and B
    D. none of the above
  195. Another name for a stroke is...
    A. cerebrovascular accident
    B. brain attack
    C. A and B
    D. none of the above
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  196. List 3 possible complications of diabetes
    • Blindness
    • Amputation
    • Kidney disease